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Flashcards in Male Reproductive Meaning Deck (30):
1

congenital absence of one or both testes

anorchism

2

condition characterized by lack of spermatozoa in the semen

azoospermia

3

inflammation of the glans penis, usually due to infection or irritation

balanitis

4

benign enlargement of the prostate gland, usually in men over the age of 50; also called BPH

benign prostatic hypertrophy

5

infection usually of the urethra, by Chlamydia trachomatis; one of several sexually transmitted diseases.

chlamydia

6

failure of one or both of the testicles to descend into the scrotum at birth

cryptorchism

7

inflammation of the epididymis due to infection

epididymitis

8

Infection, usually of the urethra, by Neisseria gonorrhoeae resulting in urethral inflammation and penile discharge; one of several common sexually transmitted diseases

gonorrhea

9

abnormal enlargement of one or both of the male mammary glands (breasts)

gynecomastia

10

Infection of the skin and mucous membranes of the genitals by herpes simplex virus, usually transmitted by sexual contact

herpes genitalis

11

accumulation of fluid in a sac-like cavity; especially within the scrotum

hydrocele

12

Inability to achieve or maintain a penile erection

impotence

13

reduced number of spermatozoa in the semen; also referred to as a low sperm count

oligospermia

14

Inflammation of the testes, usually due to infection

orchitis

15

narrowing of prepuce, leading to inability of the foreskin to be retracted over the glans penis

phimosis

16

Inflammation of the prostate gland, usually due to infection

prostatitis

17

a malignant tumor of the testes

seminoma

18

In males, the inability to impregnate a female

sterility

19

An infectious, chronic sexually transmitted disease characterized initially by skin lesions, followed by mild flu-like symptoms and eventually serious organ damage

syphilis

20

Inflammation of the urethra, usually due to a sexually transmitted infection such as chlamydia or gonorrhea

urethritis

21

microscopic examination of a blood or spinal fluid sample to confirm the presence of the syphilis bacterium if the RPR or VDRL test is positive

FTA-ABS test

22

blood test used to determine if an individual is or has been infected with the syphilis bacterium

RPR test

23

microscopic examination of a semen sample to count sperm cells and to evaluate their shape and motility

semen analysis

24

blood test used to determine if an individual is or has been infected with the syphilis bacterium

VDRL test

25

surgical removal of all or part of the prepuce (foreskin)

circumcision

26

surgical removal of one or both testes, also called orchectomy or orchidectomy

orchiectomy

27

device implanted in the penis to assist in achieving penile erection

penile prosthesis

28

surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland

prostatectomy

29

surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland by placing a special endoscope through the urethra and removing pieces of the prostate gland through this tube; also called transurethral resection of the prostate, or TURP

transurethral prostatectomy

30

removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens

vasectomy