Respiratory Meaning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Respiratory Meaning Deck (40):
1

respiratory condition characterized by obstruction of the bronchi, usually due to excessive mucus production of bronchial spasm

asthma

2

collapsed lung or incomplete expansion of a lung

atelectasis

3

abnormal condition of the lung characterized by irreversible dilation of the bronchi

bronchiectasis

4

inflammation of the bronchi, usually due to infection

bronchitis

5

acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx and a barking cough

croup

6

genetic disease of the exocrine glands that results in excessive mucus production leading to obstruction of the airways and recurrent respiratory infection

cystic fibrosis

7

serious acute bacterial infection characterized by sore throat and fever

diphtheria

8

difficult or painful breathing

dyspnea

9

chronic lung disease characterized by the enlargement and destruction of alveoli

emphysema

10

collection of pus in the pleural space

empyema

11

hemorrhage from the nose (nosebleed)

epistaxis

12

reduced level of oxygen in the blood; usually a sign of respiratory impairment

hypoxemia

13

reduced level of oxygen in the tissue; usually a sign of respiratory impairment

hypoxia

14

inflammation of the larynx, usually due to infection

laryngitis

15

bacterial infection of the respiratory tract that mainly affects children; characterized by an explosive cough; also called whooping cough

pertussis

16

inflammation of the pharynx, usually due to infection

pharyngitis

17

accumulation of fluid in the pleural space

pleural effusion

18

inflammation of the pleura; previously called pleurisy

pleuritis

19

lung disease caused by inhalation of dust or other particles; also black lung

pneumoconiosis

20

inflammation of one or both lungs usually due to infection

pneumonia

21

accumulation of air in the pleural space

pneumothorax

22

cracking sounds heard when using a stethoscope to listen to a patient's breathing; often a sign of pneumonia

rales

23

inflammation of the mucus membrane of the nose

rhinitis

24

loud coarse sound hear when using a stethoscope to listen to a patient's breathing; sign of obstructed airways

rhonchi

25

high-pitched sound heard usually during inspiration caused by obstruction of the larynx or a bronchus

stridor

26

infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis; often affects the lungs

tuberculosis

27

whistling sound heard usually during expiration caused by narrowing of an airway

wheeze

28

group of tests measuring the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentration in an arterial blood sample

arterial blood gases

29

visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope

bronchoscopy

30

visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscopy

laryngoscopy

31

tests (e.g, measurement of lung volume) used to evaluate lung function

pulmonary function tests

32

measurement of the breathing capacity of the lungs

spirometry

33

test used to identify any bacteria present in a sample of coughed-up mucus (sputum)

sputum culture

34

use of a needle to puncture the chest wall to collect fluid from the pleural cavity for diagnostic tests.

thoracentesis

35

surgical removal of larynx

laryngectomy

36

surgical repair of larynx

laryngoplasty

37

surgical removal of a lobe of a lung

lobectomy

38

plastic surgery of the nose

rhinoplast

39

cutting of an opening through the neck into the trachea and insertion of a tube to facilitate air passage or to remove secretion

tracheostomy

40

surgical incision through the neck into the trachea to gain access to an airway below a blockage

tracheotomy