Manual 78-82:Osteology of Leg Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Lower Limb > Manual 78-82:Osteology of Leg > Flashcards

Flashcards in Manual 78-82:Osteology of Leg Deck (95):
1

second longest and second strongest bone

tibia

2

male v female tibia

male is nearly vertical
female - distal end more medial compared to proximal end

3

inferior surface of tibia

tibial plafond

4

superior surface of tibia

tibial plateau

5

shape of the tibial plateau

oval
wider side tos ide

6

larger condyle on tibia

medial condyle

7

the roughened medial surface of medial condyle of tibia is an attachment site for...

tibial (medial) collateral ligament

8

three structures in non-articular intercondylar ridge of tibia

- anterior intercondylar fossa
- intercodnylar eminence
- posterior intercondylar fossa

9

what 3 attachments are at the anteriro intercondylar fossa?

- anterior horn of medial meniscus
- anterior cruciate ligament
- anteriro horn of lateral meniscus

10

where are the medial and lateral intercondylar tubercles located?

on intercondylar eminence between two intercondylar fossa

11

spine/ridge located b/w two intercondylar fossa

itnercondylar eminence

12

what 3 attachments are there to the posterior intercondylar fossa

- posterior horn of lateral meniscus
- posterior horn of medial meniscus
- posterior cruciate ligament

13

apex of tibial tuberosity is directed...

inferior

14

what attaches at tibial tuberosity

patellar ligament

15

the patellar ligament is a continuation of ..

quadratus femoris tendon

16

posterolateral depression on lateral tibial condyle

fibular facet
* oval shaepd

17

what are the borders of shaft of tibia?

anterior (shin)
medial
lateral

18

anterior border of tibia

tibial tuberosity to the medial malleolus

19

attachments to anterior border of tibia

crural fascia (Deep fascia of leg)

20

medial border of tibia

medial condyle to medial malleolus

21

4 attachments to medial border of tibia

- medial collateral ligament
- popliteus
- soleus
- flexor digitorum longus

22

anterior and medial borders of tibia corkscrew medially so at the medial malleolus ...

anterior border becomes anterior border of malleolus
(just as leg rotates medially in development)

23

lateral border of tibial shaft aka

interosseous crest

24

lateral border of tibial shaft

extends from articular facet from fibula and divides to form tow ridges inferiorly (anterior and posterior borders of fibular notch)

25

what attaches to the anterior and posterior borders of the fibular notch?

posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament

26

what are the surfaces of the tibial shaft?

posterior
medial
lateral

27

between the anterior and medial borders of tibia

medial surfaces

28

describe the medial surface of tibia

smooth
convex

29

what is the pes anserinus

sartorius
gracillis
semitendinosus

30

what surface of the tibia is the pes anserinus located on?

medial (superior protion)

31

what attach on the medial surface of the tibia superiorly

pes anserinus and tibial collateral ligamnet

32

attachment at roughened area superior protion, medial surface of tibia

tibial/medial collateral ligament

33

what attaches along inferior medial surface of tibial shaft

crural fascia

34

what is the only muscular attachment to lateral surface of tibia?

tibialis anterior
- upper 1/2 to 2/3 grooved by m origin

35

what 4 tendons cover the distal portion of lateral surface of tibia?

(medial to lateral)
- tibialis anterior
- extensor hallucis longus
- extensor digitorum lonus
- peroneus tertius

36

which surface of the tibia are the soleal and vertical line located on?

posterior

37

describe the soleal line

- oblique ridge extending superolateral to inferomedial on posterior surface
- partial origin of soleus m

38

describe the vertical line

- extends inferiorly from soleal line on posterior surface of tibia

39

what structure are located lateral to the vertical line? medial?

lateral : tibialis posterior partial origin, nutrient foramen
medial: attachment of flexor digitorum longus

40

what tendons cover the distal smooth portion of the posterior surface of tibia?

- FDL, TP, FHL
(tibialis post lies deep and other two are opposite what you think - hallucis lateral, digitorum more medial)

41

what are the 5 surfaces of the distal part of tibia?

- anterior, posterior, lateral, medial and inferior

42

what surface of the distal tibia is continuous with the lateral surface of tibial shaft?

anterior surface

43

what landmark is on the anterior surface of the distal tibia?

transverse groove - attachment of capsule of ankle joint

44

what surface on the distal tibia is continuous with the posterior surface of tibial shaft?

posterior surface

45

which surface on distal tibia has a groove for tibialis posterior and FHL tendons?

posterior surface

46

the fibular notch is located on the ________ surface of distal tibia

lateral

47

the fibular notch is for articulation with ...

on tibia for articulation with fibula

48

what attaches to the fibular notch

- anterior tibiofibular ligament
- posterior tibiofibular ligament

49

what distal tibia surface is continuous with medial malleolus?

medial surface

50

what is the shape of the inferior surface of tibia?

- quadrilateral shape
- wider anteriorly than posterioly, concave anteroposteriorly, convex side to side
- aka tibial plafond

51

shape of medial malleolus

- pyramidal shaped
- extends inferiorly beyond the rest of tibia
- lateral surface articulates with talus

52

shape of facet on medial malleolus

comma shaped

53

the lateral surface of medial malleolus articulates with ...

talus

54

the anterior and superior colliculi are located on which surface of the distal tibia

inferior
- they are slight elevations

55

what attaches to the anterior and posterior colliculi on inferior tibia

deltoid ligament
- also attaches intercollicular sulcus, anterior and posterior borders of medial malleolus

56

what is the name of the groove along the posterior border of the distal tibia

malleolar sulcus

57

what tendons are located in the malleolar sulcus?

tibialis posterior
flexor digitorum longus
- the flexor retinaculum also attaches near malleolar sulcus

58

tibial arterial supply
proximal
distal
shaft

- genicular anastomosis
- malleolar anastomosis
- anterior tibial artery
- nutrient artery (off of post tib a) goes inside

59

if accessory ossification centers are present in tibia, where are they located?

- can be one or two
- located in medial malleolus and/or tibial tuberosity

60

ossification in tibia - primary

- shaft
- appears 7th wk in utero
- fusion at puberty

61

ossification in tibia - secondary

- proximal and distal end
- proximal appears at birth; fuses 16-18 yrs
- distal appears at 1 yr; fuses 15-17 yrs

62

what does not fibula articulate with?

tibia and talus
NOT femur

63

what is the function of the fibula

muscle attachment - NOT a weight bearing bone

64

shape of head of fibula

quadrate

65

apex of fibula head is ...

styloid process

66

what attaches to the styloid process of fibula

- biceps femoris
- lateral collateral ligament of knee joint

67

what attaches to the anterior aspect of head of fibula

- peroneus longus
- extensor digitorum longus
- anterior ligament of head of fibula

68

what attaches to the posterior aspect of head of fibula?

- soleus muscle
- posterior ligament of head of fibula

69

how many ligaments attach to head of fibula? muscles?

-3
- 4

70

what courses around the neck of the fibula?

common peroneal n.

71

what are the surfaces of the shaft of fibula?

4 anterior, medial, posterior, and lateral

72

the anterior surface of the shaft of the fibula is origin of ...

- EHL
- EDL
- peroneus tertius

(anterior compartment muscles - not TA (attaches superolaterally on tibia and interosseous membrane)

73

what take origin from the medial shaft of fibula?

partial origin of tibialis posterior

74

what m. take origin from lateral shaft of fibula?

peroneus brevis and longus

75

what muscles take origin from posterior surface of shaft of fibula?

- soelus m (superiorly - partial origin)
- FHL (midway)

76

the nutrient foramen of fibula is located on which surface

posterior - branch of peroneal a.

77

where on the posterior surface of the fibula does the interosseous ligament attach

inferiorly

78

what are the four borders of the fibula

- anterolateral
- anteromedial
- posterolateral
- posteromedial

79

deep fascia of leg

crural fascia

80

the crural fascia forms how many intermuscular septa

two

81

separates extensor m from lateral m in leg

anterolateral border of fibula

82

separates lateral m from flexors in leg

posterolateral border of fibula

83

anteromedial border of fibula aka

interosseous crest
- interosseous membrane attaches here

84

posteromedial border of fibula aka

oblique ridge
- inferiorly blends with itnerosseous crest

85

what are the surfaces of lateral malleolus

medial and lateral

86

what shape facet is on the medial side of the lateral malleolus

triangular - articulates with talus

87

what is located posterior to facet on medial surface of lateral malleolus?

lateral malleolar fossa

88

what attaches to the lateral malleolar fossa?

- posterior tibiofibular ligament
- posterior talofibular ligament

89

what are the borders on the lateral malleolus?

anterior and posterior

90

what attaches to the anterior border of lateral malleolus

- anterior tibiofibular ligament
- anterior talofibular ligament (roughened area)
- calcaneofibular ligament (small inferior tubercle- also attaches at apex of lateral malleolus)

91

what two tendons pass through the shallow sulcus/groove on posterior border of lateral malleolus

- peroneus longus
- peroneus brevis

92

usually the ______ center of ossification to appear is the last to close

first
usually 1st seocndary center to appear is last to fuse

93

fibula-four-fourteen

proximal secondary center starts at 4 year and closes 14 months after tibial

94

primary ossification fibula

- shaft
- appears week 8 in utero and fuses by puberty

95

secondary ossification fibula

- distal end appears at year 1 and fuses by 15-17
- proximal end appears at year 3-4 and fuses by 17-19