Manual 132-133: Bone Kingdom Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Lower Limb > Manual 132-133: Bone Kingdom > Flashcards

Flashcards in Manual 132-133: Bone Kingdom Deck (13):
1

calcaneus

***medial surface presents sustentaculum tali

2

talus

***medial surface has a comma-shaped facet (for medial malleolus)
- lateral surface presents lateral process
- posterior suface present posterior process grooved by tendon of flexor hallucis longus

3

cuboid

- anterior surface has two facets (for 4th, 5th metatarsal)
*** posteromedial surface has a "beak" or coronoid process
- medial surface has a facet (for lateral cuneiform)
*** plantar surface has a distinctive peroneal ridge and groove for tendon of peroneus longus

4

navicular

- dorsal surface is convex
- anterior surface has three facets (for 3 cuneiforms)
- posterior surface deeply concave facet (for talar head)
*** medial surface present tuberosity (tibial posterior attach)
*** plantar surface present a small tubercle in the middle (major attachment of spring lig. - plantar calcaneonavicual ligament)

5

Medial cuneiform

*** dorsal surface presents a crest
*** lateral surface has an inverted L facet (for second cuneiform)
- anterior surface has akidney shaped facet (for first metatarsal)
*** posterior surface has a pear-shaped or teardrop-shaped facet (for navicular). (teardrops fall down my face)

6

Intermediate cuneiform

*** dorsal surface is squire or quadrilateral
- plantar surface presents a crest
*** medial surface has an inverted L facet (for 1st cuneiform)
- lateral surface has an elongated oval facet (for 3rd cuneiform)

7

lateral cuneiform

*** dorsal surface is rectangular
- plantar surface presents a crest
- medial surface has a posteriorly located elongated oval facet (for 2nd cuneiform) and anteriorly two small oval facets arranged vertically (for second metatarsal)
*** lateral surface has a large, posterior-superiror triangular facet (for cuboid)

8

first metatarsal

- plantar surface is concave
*** posterior surface has a kidney shaped facet (for first cuneifrom) with "hilum" directed laterally

9

second metatarsal

- posterior surface of base is triangular
- medial surface of base has a small oval facet (for medial cuneiform)
*** lateral surface has two demarcates (hemifacets) vertically oriented (two anterior demarcates for 3rd metatarsal - two posterior demarcates for third cuneiform)

10

third metatarsal

- posterior surface of base is triangular
*** lateral surface near base has a prominent tubercle and facet (for interosseous intermetatarsal ligament)
- medial surface has two demarcates, vertically oriented (for second metatarsal)

11

fourth metatarsal

*** posterior surface of base is quadrilateral
*** medial surface, near base, has a dorsomedial facet with two surfaces (for third metatarsal and third cuneiform)
- lateral surface has an oval facet (for 5th metatarsal)

12

fifth metatarsal

*** lateral surface of base presents a tuberosity also called a styloid process (peroneus brevis insertion)
*** plantar surface has a groove (for tendon of the abductor digiti minimi quiniti)

13

holding metatarsals vertically (with bases down) reveals that bases slant ...

down and toward the side of the foot they come from