What were the first religious changes of Mary’s reign generated by?
The willing anticipation of a largely enthusiastic populace
Where did Protestantism have adherents?
Protestantism had attracted adherents in London and other parts of the south
How was the reformed Protestant Church of England protected?
In statute law
What problem faced Mary regarding members of the political elites?
She depended on their support
They’d benefited financially from the acquisition of monastic land and didn’t want to surrender their gains
How did Mary begin to restore Catholicism ?
Foreign Protestants ordered to leave the country
7 bishops were deprived of their livings
What did the meeting of Mary’s first parliament of October 1553 do to begin the legislative attack on Protestantism?
The religious laws passed during Edward VI’s reign were repealed
All married clergy could be deprived of their livings
The order of service as at the time of Henry VIII’s death was restored
What was the problem of Mary relying on parliamentary legislation to reverse the royal supremacy?
This would mean she accept the superiority of statute law over divine law
When was the status of the church resolved?
At the meeting of Mary’s third parliament
What was the catch regarding church land?
The pope and pole wanted the English church to submit to rome first before dispensations may be awarded to landowners
What did Mary’s third parliament reverse?
The Henrician act of attainder against pole
What was the issue regarding church land?
Debates between pole and councillors who believed no foreigner could have jurisdiction over English property
What did the act of repeal of 1555 revoke?
The royal supremacy
What did the death of pope Julius III in 1555 mean for mary?
Paul IV succeeded and regarded pole as a heretic
Went on to accuse him of heresy
What was Mary’s attitude to the Pope’s new legate?
Refused to acknowledge superior papal authority that placed William peto in a higher position in the English church than the Archbishop of Canterbury
Where was the fate of Mary’s victims recorded?
John Foxe’s Books of Martyrs
How many Protestants were burnt at the stake for heresy?
Who were the bulk of the heresy sufferers?
People of fairly humble status
What did the death of for example John Rogers elicit?
Widespread public sympathy
What did the council do to hide the effects of the burnings?
Banned servants,apprentices and the young from attending burnings
Did the burnings extinguish heresy?
What areas of Mary’s religious policy wasn’t repressive?
The church’s resources needed to be restored
The quality and quantity of priests needed to be improved
How did pole and Mary ensure the quality of pastoral provision?
Appointed new bishops who took their pastoral responsibilities seriously and in accordance with the catholic reformation
What did poles legatine synod of 1555 to 1556 demand?
Bishops were to reside in their dioceses
Bishops to preach
Bishops to oversee carefully the religious life of their parishes
What areas could guarantee poles reforms?
Durham for example which proved fertile territory for recruiting new priests
What religion was the bulk of the country?