What were Mary’s two aims regarding foreign powers?
To restore England to papal supremacy
To marry Philip, heir to the Spanish throne
Who was one of the main instigators of the demented Franco Spanish conflict?
The anti Spanish pope Paul IV
Why did England declare war on France?
1557 landing of French troops at Scarborough
What were successes of the English involvement in the Franco Spanish conflict?
Assisted the Spanish at the successful siege of st Quentin
Dealt easily with a minor incursion into England by the Scots
What was the major English failure in the Franco Spanish conflict?
Loss of Calais in January 1558
Calais had been in English hands for centuries
Failure of an attack on the port of Brest in 1558
What is a significant success of Mary’s reign?
Naval and militia reforms:
6 new ships built
Crown finances budgeted for a peacetime allocation of £14000 to the navy
Reformed methods of raising troops