When and how did Henry earl of Richmond become king of England?
Following victory over Richard III’s forces at the battle of bosworth
Proclaimed king on battlefield by lord Stanley
What was the new dynasty?
Plantagenet rule terminated
Established new dynasty- the Tudors
Why was Henry VII’s grasp of power insecure?
Had no discernible claim to the throne
Had many enemies
Descended through the female line represented by lady Margaret Beaufort his mother
Where had Henry lived since he was 14?
In the duchy of Brittany as a fugitive
Thomas penn: his ability to think like a fugitive was useful political training for his future as a ruler
How did the London public receive Henry in September 1485?
Wooed by pageantry and ceremony into cheering him
Richard had become such an object of suspicion because of disappearance of princes in the tower that Henry was accepted
Where did Henry date his reign from? Why?
21st August 1485
Day before battle of bosworth
Ensured anyone who fought on the Yorkist side could be designated a traitor
How did Henry reward many of his key supporters?
Eg conferred 11 knighthoods
How was the threat of the earl of Warwick, Edward IV’s nephew, defeated?
Arranged for supporters to detain him
He could be seen as having a greater claim to the throne
Who did Henry appoint to his council and household?
Sir Reginald bray chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster
Sir William stanley chamberlain of the household
When did Henry arrange for his coronation to take place? Why?
30th October before the meeting of his first parliament on 7th November
Demonstrated his right to the throne was based on hereditary right and not only because parliament had sanctioned it
What was the significance of the implementation of parliamentary acts of attainder?
Ensured the property of yorkists who’d fought at bosworth was forfeit to the crown, increasing royal income
When did Henry marry Elizabeth of York, daughter of king Edward IV? Why?
Ensured his assumption to the crown wasn’t brought by his wife’s own claim
Able to exploit in royal propaganda- Tudor rose combined red rose of Lancaster and white rose of York
When was prince Arthur born?