Medical Terminology, Human Anatomy, and Lifespan Development Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology, Human Anatomy, and Lifespan Development Chapter 4 Deck (200)
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1

What is the purpose of understanding medical terminology?

To interpret common medical terms.

2

Stomato

Root word meaning MOUTH example stomatitis inflammation of the lining of the mouth

3

Dento

Root word meaning TEETH example dentist

4

Glosso/linguo

Root word meaning TONGUE. Example: glossitis, lingual nerve (inflammation of the tongue)

5

Gingivo

Root word meaning GUMS. Example: gingivitis (inflammation of the gums)

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Encephalo

Root word meaning BRAIN. Example: encephalitis (inflammation of the brain)

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Gastro

Root word meaning STOMACH. Example: gastritis (inflammation of the stomach)

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Entero

Root word meaning INTESTINE. Example: gastroenteritis (inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines)

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Colo

Root word meaning LARGE INTESTINE. Example: colitis (inflammation of the colon)

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Procto

Root word meaning ANUS/RECTUM. Example: proctitis (inflammation of the rectum)

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Hepato

Root word meaning LIVER. Example: hepatitis (inflammation of the liver)

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Nephro/rene

Root word meaning KIDNEY. Example: nephritis, renal artery (inflammation of the kidney)

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Orchido

Root word meaning TESTES. Example: orchiditis (inflammation of the testes)

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Oophoro

Root word meaning OVARY. Example: oophoritis (inflammation of an ovary)

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Hystero

Root word meaning UTERUS. Example: hysterectomy (removal of the uterus)

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Dermo

Root word meaning SKIN. Example: dermatitis (inflammation of the skin)

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Masto/mammo

Root word meaning BREAST. Example: mammography (image of the breast)

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Osteo

Root word meaning BONES. Example: osteoporosis (disease that causes weakening of the bones)

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Cardio

Root word meaning HEART. Example: electro cardiogram (ECG) electrical tracing of the heart

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Cysto

Root word meaning BLADDER. Example: cystitis (inflammation of the bladder)

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Rhino

Root word meaning NOSE. Example: rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal membranes)

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Phlebo/veno

Root word meaning VEINS. Example: phlebitis (inflammation of the vein)

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Pneumo/pulmo

Root word meaning LUNG. Example: pneumonitis (inflammation of a lung)

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Hemo/emia

Root word meaning BLOOD. Example: hematoma (localized swelling caused by blood)

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Arterio

Prefix meaning ARTERY. Example: Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)

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Brady

Prefix meaning SLOW. Example: Bradycardia (slow heart rate)

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Cardio

Prefix meaning HEART. Example: electro Cardiogram (ECG)

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Hemo

Prefix meaning BLOOD. Example: Hematology (the study of blood)

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Hyper

Prefix meaning OVER, ABOVE, BEYOND. Example: Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels)

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Hypo

Prefix meaning BELOW, UNDER. Example: Hypothermia (low body core temperature)