Resuscitation & AED Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

From Flashcardlet > Resuscitation & AED Chapter 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Resuscitation & AED Chapter 10 Deck (61)
Loading flashcards...
1

Define chain of survival.

The idea that the survival of the patient in cardiac arrest depends on the linkage of early access, early CPR, early defibrillation, and early advance life support.

2

Define cardiac arrest.

When the heart stops beating. Also, the ineffective circulation caused by erratic muscle activity in the lower chambers of the heart (ventricular fibrillation).

3

What are the 5 links in the new AHA ECC adult chain of survival?

1. immediate recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of the emergency response system
2. early CPR with an emphasis on chest compressions
3. rapid defibrillation
4. effective advanced life-support
5. integrated post cardiac arrest care

4

Define chest compressions.

Putting pressure on the chest to artificially circulate blood to the brain, lungs, and the rest of the patient's body.

5

Define defibrillation.

The application of an electric shock to a patient's heart in an attempt to convert a lethal rhythm into a normal one.

6

Define advanced life-support (ALS).

Prehospital emergency care that involves the use of intravenous fluids, drug infusions, cardiac monitoring, defibrillation, intubation, and other advanced procedures.

7

Define automated external defibrillator (AED).

An electrical device that can detect certain abnormal heart rhythms and deliver a shock through the patient's chest. The shock may allow the heart to resume a normal pattern of beating.

8

Explain the most common causes of cardiac arrest for adults and pediatric patients.

There are many things that can affect the proper function of the heart, including injury due to a trauma and heart attack.

In adults, one of the most common causes of cardiac arrest is a heart attack.

In pediatric patients the cause of cardiac arrest is most commonly caused by underlying respiratory problems such as choking or respiratory arrest.

9

What are the signs of cardiac arrest?

Unresponsiveness
No breathing
No pulse

10

Define pediatric patient.

Refers to infants and children. For the purposes of CPR, patients from birth to one year of age are considered infants. Patients from 1-year-old to the onset of puberty are considered children.

11

Define cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Combined compressions and breathing techniques that maintain circulation and breathing.

12

Define resuscitation.

To revive

13

By performing CPR early, you can circulate oxygenated blood to the brain and help delay the onset of what?

Biological death

14

How and where do you locate a pulse when assessing an adult patient for CPR and for how long?

By using two fingers to locate the carotid pulse point in the neck for at least 5 seconds and no more than 10 seconds.

15

How and where do you locate a pulse when assessing an infant patient for CPR and for how long?

By using two fingers to locate the brachial pulse in the upper arm for at least 5 seconds and no more than 10 seconds.

16

What is the CPR compression site?

The sternum which can be found by placing the heel of one hand on the center of the patients bare chest, right between the nipples. This will result in hand placement on the lower half of the sternum.

17

During adult CPR you should deliver compressions at what rate?

At least 100 per minute.

18

What is the ventilation compression ratio?

Two breaths for every 30 compressions - deliver each breath over one second.

19

What is the depth of compressions in an adult patient?

At least 2 inches (5 cm)

20

What is the depth of compressions in a child patient?

One third the diameter of the chest or about 2 inches (5 cm).

21

What is the depth of compressions in an infant patient?

One third the diameter of the chest or about 1 1/2 inches (4 cm).

22

During infant/child CPR you should deliver compressions at what rate?

At least 100 per minute.

23

Provide a breath every ______ seconds for an adult CPR patient.

5 to 6

24

Provide a breath every ______ seconds for an adult advanced airway CPR patient.

6 to 8

25

Provide a breath every ______ seconds for a child CPR patient.

3 to 5

26

Provide a breath every ______ seconds for an infant CPR patient.

3 to 5

27

What is the ratio of compression to breaths for an infant with one rescuer?

30 to 2

28

What is the ratio of compression to breaths for an infant with two rescuers?

15 to 2

29

What is the ratio of compression to breaths for a child with one rescuer?

30 to 2

30

What is the ratio of compression to breaths for a child with two rescuers?

15 to 2