Flashcards in Meds2 Deck (21):
What are actions of cardiac agents?
Reduce mammary artery spasm
Test patency and integrity of a graft
Sustain radial artery dilation
What is an example of a cardiac agent?
Papaverine hydrochloride ( reduces mamm art spasm) - topical
Adverse reaction. To cardiac agents are _________.
What is the action of anti- inflammatory agents (steroids)?
Reduce inflammation and possible postoperative edema at operative sites
Examples of anti inflammatory agents?
Decadron, solu cortef, solu medrol, depo medrol, kenalog
Anti-inflammatories should not be given to a pt with a _____________.
Systemic fungal infection
What is the action of otic agents?
Stop or slow bleeding
Examples of otic agents?
Xylocaine with epinephrine
Ringers lactate or saline
What is the action of post pituitary hormonal agents?
Stimulate uterine muscle
Example of a posterior pituitary hormonal agent?
What is the reason for using irrigating solutions for transurethral and gynecological procedures?
TUR procedure - to flush cavity, ensure patency of irrigating system.
Gyne - to irrigate, visualize, or distend uterine cavity
Examples of TUR irrigating solutions?
Other non electrode solutions
Example of gynecological irrigation solutions?
Who should gyne an TUR irrigating solutions not be given too?
Pts with Anuria
What is the action of diagnostic imaging agents (radiopaque media)?
Permit visualization of internal structures
What is the action of dyes?
Stain or mark specific area or structure
Adverse reactions to local anesthesia? List under each category
Allergic- erythema, urticaria, edema, bronchoconstriction, hypotension
Systemic - numbness of tongue, light headed mess, visual disturbances, twitching, seizures, coma, respiratory arrest
What is conscious sedation?
A minimally depressed level of conciousness that allows a surgical patient to retain the ability to independently and continuously maintain a patent airway and respond to verbal commands and stimulization
What are some examples of agents used for conscious sedation?
Opioids - morphine sulfate, meperidine , fentanyl
Sedatives - diazepam, midazolam
What things should be monitored throughout conscious sedation?
HR and rhythm
Skin color and condition
Level and type of response