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Flashcards in Meds2 Deck (21):
1

What are actions of cardiac agents?

Reduce mammary artery spasm
Test patency and integrity of a graft
Sustain radial artery dilation

2

What is an example of a cardiac agent?

Papaverine hydrochloride ( reduces mamm art spasm) - topical
Heparin
Nitro

3

Adverse reaction. To cardiac agents are _________.

Rare

4

What is the action of anti- inflammatory agents (steroids)?

Reduce inflammation and possible postoperative edema at operative sites

5

Examples of anti inflammatory agents?

Decadron, solu cortef, solu medrol, depo medrol, kenalog

6

Anti-inflammatories should not be given to a pt with a _____________.

Systemic fungal infection

7

What is the action of otic agents?

Anesthetize
Stop or slow bleeding
Irrigate

8

Examples of otic agents?

Xylocaine with epinephrine
Epinephrine
Gel foam
Ringers lactate or saline

9

What is the action of post pituitary hormonal agents?

Stimulate uterine muscle

10

Example of a posterior pituitary hormonal agent?

Vasopressin

11

What is the reason for using irrigating solutions for transurethral and gynecological procedures?

TUR procedure - to flush cavity, ensure patency of irrigating system.

Gyne - to irrigate, visualize, or distend uterine cavity

12

Examples of TUR irrigating solutions?

Glycine 1.5%
Sorbitol/mannitol
Other non electrode solutions

13

Example of gynecological irrigation solutions?

Hyskon

14

Who should gyne an TUR irrigating solutions not be given too?

Pts with Anuria

15

What is the action of diagnostic imaging agents (radiopaque media)?

Permit visualization of internal structures

16

What is the action of dyes?

Stain or mark specific area or structure

17

Adverse reactions to local anesthesia? List under each category

Allergic- erythema, urticaria, edema, bronchoconstriction, hypotension

Systemic - numbness of tongue, light headed mess, visual disturbances, twitching, seizures, coma, respiratory arrest

18

What is conscious sedation?

A minimally depressed level of conciousness that allows a surgical patient to retain the ability to independently and continuously maintain a patent airway and respond to verbal commands and stimulization

19

What are some examples of agents used for conscious sedation?

Opioids - morphine sulfate, meperidine , fentanyl

Sedatives - diazepam, midazolam

20

What things should be monitored throughout conscious sedation?

BP
HR and rhythm
RR
O2sat
Skin color and condition
Level and type of response

21

What are the three checks for medication?

Retrieving from storage
Prior to drawing up
Before administration