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Flashcards in Metabolic Syndrome Deck (11):
1

What is metabolic syndrome?

Describes a group of conditions that puts people at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease and other heart related problems

2

What are the conditions characteristic to metabolic syndrome?

1. High fasting blood glucose levels (5.6mmol/L or higher)
2. High blood pressure (130/85mmHg or higher)
3. High level of triglycerides-fat in blood (1.7mmol/L or higher)
4. Low levels of HDL (lower than 1.0mmol/L men, 1.3mmol/L women)
5. Abdominal waist circumference too large (102cm men, 88cm women)

3

What is the extra condition that they are considering to be a part of metabolic syndrome?

Sleep Apnea
-Occlusion of the neck because of high fat in neck and collapses the muscles in the neck when asleep which causes you to stop breathing during the night

4

What can sleep apnea do independently to the conditions?

Can increase all metabolic syndrome symptoms all by itself

5

Who is more likely to develop sleep apnea?

Post-menopausal women
-more women are likely to have metabolic syndrome

6

What are the endpoints when a person develops this disease process?

High blood pressure
Increased risk of stroke and heart attack (high blood lipid content)

7

What % of our global health care is used towards the alleviation of Metabolic syndrome?

When adding up all costs of each condition of metabolic syndrome, 75% of the health care costs go towards trying to treat this

8

What is anorexia nervosa?

A psych disorder characterized by unrealistic fear of weight gain, self starvation, and conspicuous distortion of body image.
-individual is obsessed with becoming thinner and limits food intake, leading to starvation

9

What is bulimia nervosa?

Psych disorder stemming from excessive concern with wight control and self image.
Individuals consume large amounts of food and then rid themselves of it by fasting, excessive exercise, laxatives and vomiting

10

Who is most likely to suffer from eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia?

Mainly western women
-9% of the worlds population will suffer from both or either or conditions at some point in their life

11

What is the obesity paradox?

Mainly in people of lower socioeconomic standing in which they have food, but it isn't the best so they are more likely to gain more weight