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Flashcards in Mid-cervical Deck (24)
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1

What is the most mobile region of the spinal cord?

Cervical region.

2

What is the primary function of the cervical spine?

Accommodate wide ROM required by the head

3

What is the degree range of the cervical lordosis?

30-35*

4

What are 3 characteristics of typical cervical vertebrae?

1) wider M-L compared to A-P
2) V. bodies have a saddle like shape
3) V. canal is large and triangular to accommodate the cord

5

The formations on the cervical vertebrae that like lateral 'hooks' are?

unicate processes

6

This are classified as ________ joints. Which means they are _____________________ and __________________.

Uncovertebral joints
Pseudo joints and limit lateral flexion

7

What are 3 clinically significant points about the uncinate processes?

1) degenerative changes
2) compressive forces
3) impinge nerve roots

8

What are facet joints formed by?

superior and inferior articular processes of adjacent vertebrae.

9

The facet joints are __________ in orientation.

oblique

10

What is the angle of orientation for C2 facet joint?

20*

11

What is the orientation angle to the horizontal and frontal plane of the C3-C7 vertebrae?

45*

12

Which joint segment allows the most axial rotation?

C1-C2 (~40*)

13

There is _____ flexion at C2-C7.

~35-40*

14

The C2-C7 facets slide "____" during flexion.

"open"

15

Flexion at C2-C7 is limited by which posterior structures?

-PLL
-Ligamentum Nuchae
-Interspinous ligaments
-Muscles

16

There is _____ extension at C2-C7.

~55-60*

17

The C2-C7 facets "____"_____ during extension.

"close" posterior

18

Extension at C2-C7 is limited by which anterior structures?

-ALL
-Approximation of apophyseal joints
-Muscles

19

There is _____ lateral flexion at C2-C7.

~35-40*

20

During lateral flexion of C2-C7, there is ipsilateral side slide________ and ________.
Contralateral side slide ________ and ________.

ipsilaeral inferiorly and posteriorly
contralateral superiorly and anteriorly

21

There is _____ axial rotation at C2-C7.

~30-35*

22

During axial rotation of C2-C7, there is ipsilateral side slide________ and ________.
Contralateral side slide ________ and ________.

ipsilateral posteriorly and inferior

contralateral anteriorly and superior

23

Spinal coupling at C2-C7 is ___________________?

ipsilateral lateral flex & rotation.

24

At C2-C7 with spinal coupling, right lateral flexion occurs with small ___________ axial rotation

right