Flashcards in Mid Term Deck (13):
- manipulating antecedents and consequences.
- explains the relationship between environmental events and actions.
- learning process in which behaviour is controlled by its consequence.
- modify behaviour through punishment and reinforcement.
- stimulus control - stimuli that proceed behaviour
- events that affect the value of a stimulus as a reinforcer.
- effect of a reinforcer may be different at a particular time or in different situations.
Eg dog just ate. Reduces value of treat
Reinforcement - increases likelihood of a behaviour
Punishment - decreases likelihood of a behaviour
Stimulus control - controlling stimuli that precedes a behaviour
- negative stimulus is removed after the event.
- get away from aversive
- go inside when it's raining
- occurs before aversive event has occurred
"No" followed by correction
Schedules of reinforcement
- which response will be reinforced and how often
Intermittent vs continuous
Fixed or variable
-Ratio - number of responses
- duration - how long a behaviour is engaged in
Window of time to perform a behaviour
- builds quick responses
Understanding which reinforcers are effective at a particular time and in a particular situation.
- reinforcers must be identified and delivered on appropriate schedule
- training is complete when reinforcers have been faded and conditioned reinforcers established.
Withholding reinforcer for unacceptable performance
Putting behaviour on cue
Behaviour is reinforced when a specific stimulus is present
Eg harness in SAR
Rewarding successive approximations to desired behaviour