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Flashcards in Final Review Deck (34):
1

What are the four stages of learning?

Dogs need 3-6 months of repetition and reinforcement to establish a behavior in their long term memory.

Acquisition- showing
Show the dog what you want it to do.
Praise/reinforce wanted behavior
- no corrections during this phase.
Repetition (frequency)
When dog starts to anticipate you know he is beginning to understand.

Automatic - fluency
Give the dog an opportunity to show you what you have taught him.
Wean off physical cues
Transition food from luring to rewarding behavior
+\- 80% move to next stage

Application - generalize
Take the show on the road
Introduce distractions
Dog learns he has a responsibility to perform commands.

Always - maintenance
Dog is polished and consistent.
Long term intermittent reinforcement.

2

What are three things a dog needs in order for it to learn.
The big three

Timing - 1.3 seconds
(To associate a cause with an effect).
Longer than that creates confusion.
Dogs live in the moment/think in the present.

Consistency - a rule is a rule. Black and white.
Dog feels safe and learns trust.

Motivation- dogs will do what is in their best interest.
- praise and corrections must be motivational for the dog

3

Puppy stages

First year is the most important as puppies rapidly move through stages of development.

Puppies require regular socialization to meet physical and mental needs for the first 3-4 years

4

Neonatal

0-2 weeks

Dependent on and influenced by mother

5

Transitional period

2-4 weeks

Influenced by mother and litter mates

- gains use of all senses
- mobile, wags, vocalizes

6

1st socialization period

3-6 weeks

- needs neurological stimulation, complex environment, careful socialization

-learns how to be a dog (litter mates)
- becomes aware of surroundings
- develops curiosity. Explores
- practices body postures and what they mean
- bite inhibition

7

2nd socialization

6-16 weeks
- most critical phase where rapid learning takes place.
- learning has lasting impact and is resistant to change.

- social ranking
- bite inhibition
- physical coordination
- exploration
- focus on people

- 7-8 weeks best time for puppies to be placed with their new families.
- owners must immediately provide proper socialization and training.

8

Fear impact period

8-11 weeks

Scary experiences likely to have a lasting impact.

May become alarmed by normal objects and experiences.

9

Ranking period

12-16 weeks

- begins to challenge authority (with dogs and humans)
- establishes leadership
- chewing (teething)
- no biting allowed!

10

Juvenile period

4-6 months

- increase in energy
- mouthing resurfaces(getting adult teeth)
- independence
- second fear period
- best time to spay or neuter

11

Adolescent period

6-12 months

Most difficult time for puppies if they missed earlier milestones.

12

Sexual maturity

5-18 months.
Sooner with smaller dogs

13

Social maturity

18mo-3yrs
Extremely important to reinforce all parts of development
- training
- socialization
- mental stimulation
- physical exercise
- communication

14

Imprinting period for puppies

6-16 weeks

15

Game of 7's

Flooring
Feeding (location)
Toys
People
Location
Dogs

16

Dominance/hierarchy reversal

- give dog clarity in the relationship
- remove privileges they had before
- limit freedom in the house
- NILF - nothing in life is free
- limit sleeping areas
- prepare food but feed last
- start a game and you end it
- be in control of all doorways
- limit access to socially significant areas
- occupy space of your choice
- obedience work
- increase physical and mental stimulation.

17

Common types of aggression (motivators for aggression)

Predatory
Fear
Frustration
Protection
Punishment
Territorial
Rank/social
Bully
Redirected

18

Complete predatory sequence?

Sight
stalk
chase
grab-bite
kill-bite
dissect
consume

19

Dog breeds bred to exhibit predatory drive

Sight hounds- excel in chase

Scent hounds - perusing scent trail

Pointers - stalking and flushing out prey

Herding - chasers and stalkers.

Terriers - capture and kill vermin

20

Predatory aggression

Dog does not threaten
- no warning signals
- some may bark or whine excitedly during chase.
- silent or high pitched
- dog is having fun

21

Most common type of aggression?

Barrier or leash frustration

- you can't always get what you want

22

Service dog selection

Temperament
- startle recovery (immediate)
- social/independent (middle. Okay with people but not people oriented
- play/prey drive (moderate - retrieve items)
- secure/insecure (secure in new situations but not dominant)
- not touch sensitive.

Health

Aggression

Match-making
- energy level
- size
- companionship

23

Working dogs

What three drives are needed?

Prey- chase something

Defense- protection, k9, police. Dog senses threat and decides to do something about it

Hunt - drive to find item even if it's out of sight.

24

When to test defense drive and why?

18mo - 3 years

Drives develop as puppy matures.

25

Difference between therapy and service dog.

Therapy - provides comfort to other people.

Service dog - provides aid or completes tasks for a specific individual

26

Ways to deal with behavior problems

Train incompatible behavior
Ignore it
Put behavior on cue
Punishment
Shape absence
Change motivation

27

Sequence for search and rescue

Searches and finds helper
Returns to handler
Alerts handler
Refind.

28

Scan

Sexual maturity
Cautious
Anxiety
No signs of friendliness

29

Define bite inhibition

dog’s ability to control the pressure of his mouth when biting, to cause little or no damage to the subject of the bite.

30

3 things a dog needs in order to learn

Timing
Consistency
Motivation

31

Three things dogs need to live a fulfilled life.

Physical exercise
Mental stimulation
Communication

32

Three things to reinforce for during training.

Frequency
Intensity
Duration.

33

Three D's of learning

Duration
Distance
Distraction

34

4 stages of learning

Acquisition
- show the dog what you want him to do.
- help dog make correct decision using prompts. Leash, hands, food etc.
- no corrections.

Automatic
- show us what he's learned
- +/- 80%
- mild punishment
- wean luring. Treat for reinforcement

Application
- generalization
- introduce distractions

Always
- maintenance
- wean to intermittent reinforcement