Middle Childhood Study Questions Flashcards Preview

PSYC 3351 Topics in Child Development > Middle Childhood Study Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Middle Childhood Study Questions Deck (200)
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1

In most industrialized nations, the secular gain in height has slowed in recent decades, but weight gain

is continuing at a high rate

2

Synaptic pruning and the accompanying reorganization and selection of brain circuits contribute to

more efficient information processing.

3

Compared with adequately nourished agemates, growth-stunted school-age children

respond with greater fear to stressful situations.

4

Today ___ percent of U.S. children and adolescents are overweight, and ___ percent are obese.

32; 17

5

By the end of the middle school years, __________ affects nearly 25 percent of children.

myopia

6

What percent of American school-age children suffer from nocturnal enuresis?

10 percent

7

One of the risk factors for developing asthma in childhood is

being born underweight.

8

An effective safety education program would include

extensive modeling, rehearsal of safety practices, performance feedback, tangible rewards, and booster sessions.

9

The school-age period may be especially important for fostering healthy lifestyles because of the child's

growing independence and self-concept.

10

Compared with preschoolers, school-age children are

more flexible and elastic.

11

Gains in fine-motor skills are especially evident in children's

writing and drawing.

12

The transition to rule-oriented games in middle childhood particularly depends upon

the ability to understand the roles of several players in a game.

13

Which statement is true about adult-organized youth sports?

Children enjoy sports more when effort and teamwork are emphasized.

14

The rough-and-tumble play that middle school children engage in

is a good-natured social activity that is distinct from aggression.

15

Taking recess breaks has been shown to be especially important for _____ children.

younger

16

The __________ grow(s) fastest during middle childhood.

lower portion of the body

17

In industrialized nations, secular trends in physical growth indicate

changes in body size from one generation to the next.

18

During middle childhood, children have

unusual flexibility of movement.

19

Malocclusion can be caused by

thumb and finger sucking after permanent teeth erupt

20

During middle childhood, reorganization and pruning of neural connections leads to

more efficient information processing and gains in attention and inhibition.

21

Obese children

are more responsive to food stimuli than normal-weight children

22

In diverse cultures, the incidence of myopia has increased because

children are spending more time reading, writing, and using the computer.

23

As many as 20 percent of low-SES children develop some hearing loss due to

repeated ear infections.

24

To treat nocturnal enuresis, doctors often prescribe

antidepressants.

25

On average, illness causes children to miss about _____ days of school per year.

11

26

With regard to the causes of asthma, researchers believe that

heredity contributes, but environmental factors are necessary to spark the illness.

27

Which explanation of disease is most likely from an American first-grader?

"You probably caught a cold by playing outside in the cold weather."

28

Of the following, which is an important strategy for fostering healthy lifestyles in school-age children?

Teach children to be critical of media advertising.

29

During middle childhood, boys are considerably ahead of girls in

kicking skill and accuracy.

30

Along with body growth, improved __________________ also sparks improvements in motor skills.

information processing