Flashcards in Middle Childhood Study Questions Deck (200)
In most industrialized nations, the secular gain in height has slowed in recent decades, but weight gain
is continuing at a high rate
Synaptic pruning and the accompanying reorganization and selection of brain circuits contribute to
more efficient information processing.
Compared with adequately nourished agemates, growth-stunted school-age children
respond with greater fear to stressful situations.
Today ___ percent of U.S. children and adolescents are overweight, and ___ percent are obese.
By the end of the middle school years, __________ affects nearly 25 percent of children.
What percent of American school-age children suffer from nocturnal enuresis?
One of the risk factors for developing asthma in childhood is
being born underweight.
An effective safety education program would include
extensive modeling, rehearsal of safety practices, performance feedback, tangible rewards, and booster sessions.
The school-age period may be especially important for fostering healthy lifestyles because of the child's
growing independence and self-concept.
Compared with preschoolers, school-age children are
more flexible and elastic.
Gains in fine-motor skills are especially evident in children's
writing and drawing.
The transition to rule-oriented games in middle childhood particularly depends upon
the ability to understand the roles of several players in a game.
Which statement is true about adult-organized youth sports?
Children enjoy sports more when effort and teamwork are emphasized.
The rough-and-tumble play that middle school children engage in
is a good-natured social activity that is distinct from aggression.
Taking recess breaks has been shown to be especially important for _____ children.
The __________ grow(s) fastest during middle childhood.
lower portion of the body
In industrialized nations, secular trends in physical growth indicate
changes in body size from one generation to the next.
During middle childhood, children have
unusual flexibility of movement.
Malocclusion can be caused by
thumb and finger sucking after permanent teeth erupt
During middle childhood, reorganization and pruning of neural connections leads to
more efficient information processing and gains in attention and inhibition.
are more responsive to food stimuli than normal-weight children
In diverse cultures, the incidence of myopia has increased because
children are spending more time reading, writing, and using the computer.
As many as 20 percent of low-SES children develop some hearing loss due to
repeated ear infections.
To treat nocturnal enuresis, doctors often prescribe
On average, illness causes children to miss about _____ days of school per year.
With regard to the causes of asthma, researchers believe that
heredity contributes, but environmental factors are necessary to spark the illness.
Which explanation of disease is most likely from an American first-grader?
"You probably caught a cold by playing outside in the cold weather."
Of the following, which is an important strategy for fostering healthy lifestyles in school-age children?
Teach children to be critical of media advertising.
During middle childhood, boys are considerably ahead of girls in
kicking skill and accuracy.