Early Childhood Study Questions Flashcards Preview

PSYC 3351 Topics in Child Development > Early Childhood Study Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Early Childhood Study Questions Deck (223)
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1

Of the following, which statement is true regarding body growth during early childhood?
A. Girls are three times as likely as boys to become obese.
B. The rate of growth increases steadily until the onset of puberty.
C. On average, children add 2 to 3 inches in height and about 5 pounds in weight each year.
D. Boys grow at least twice as fast as girls.


C. On average, children add 2 to 3 inches in height and about 5 pounds in weight each year.

2

Young children in homes with regular smokers are three times more likely than their agemates to
A. do poorly in school.
B. have high thyroxine levels.
C. have decayed teeth.
D. smoke during adolescence.

C. have decayed teeth.

3

Between ages 2 and 6, the brain increases from _____ percent of its adult weight to _____ percent.
A. 70; 90
B. 50; 100
C. 75; 100
D. 50; 70

Between ages 2 and 6, the brain increases from _____ percent of its adult weight to _____ percent.
A. 70; 90

4

__________ skills increase at an astonishing pace in early childhood, and they support children's increasing control over behavior.
A. Fine-motor
B. Language
C. Spatial
D. Gross-motor

__________ skills increase at an astonishing pace in early childhood, and they support children's increasing control over behavior.

B. Language

5

Of the following, which statement is true regarding handedness?

A. The majority of right-handed individuals are actually ambidextrous.
B. Practice using the left or right hand has little effect on young children's hand preference.
C. Left-handers are more likely than right-handers to develop outstanding verbal and mathematical talents.
D. Most preschoolers favor their left hand for drawing and their right hand for eating.

Of the following, which statement is true regarding handedness?

C. Left-handers are more likely than right-handers to develop outstanding verbal and mathematical talents.

6

Research on brain development shows that by age 8 to 10,
A. rates of synaptic pruning increase dramatically.
B. the left and right hemispheres begin to lateralize.
C. brain plasticity reaches its highest level.
D. energy consumption of most cortical regions diminishes to near-adult levels.

Research on brain development shows that by age 8 to 10,

D. energy consumption of most cortical regions diminishes to near-adult levels.

7

Children exposed to lead absorb less of it when their diets contain enough
A. chromium.
B. zinc.
C. salt.
D. magnesium.

Children exposed to lead absorb less of it when their diets contain enough

B. zinc.

8

Of the following, which is responsible for development of all body tissues except the central nervous system and the genitals?
A. neurotransmitters
B. testosterone
C. growth hormone
D. thyroid-stimulating hormone

Of the following, which is responsible for development of all body tissues except the central nervous system and the genitals?

C. growth hormone

9

On average, the total amount of sleep __________ in early childhood.
A. increases gradually
B. declines
C. increases sharply
D. remains about the same

On average, the total amount of sleep __________ in early childhood.

B. declines

10

What is the most common sleep problem among 3- to 6-year-olds?
A. sleepwalking
B. insomnia
C. sleep terrors
D. nightmares

What is the most common sleep problem among 3- to 6-year-olds?

D. nightmares

11

Of the following, which technique helps encourage good nutrition in early childhood?

A. banning sweets from the child's diet
B. avoiding using food as a reward
C. providing a limited, familiar diet
D. allowing the child to eat as much as he or she wants

Of the following, which technique helps encourage good nutrition in early childhood?

B. avoiding using food as a reward

12

Of the 10 million deaths worldwide of children under age 5, 70 percent are due to

A. accidents.
B. infectious diseases.
C. accidents.
D. child abuse.

Of the 10 million deaths worldwide of children under age 5, 70 percent are due to

B. infectious diseases.

13

In _____________, ordinary childhood illnesses have no effect on physical growth.

A. well-nourished children
B. the preschool years
C. industrialized nations
D. rural communities

In _____________, ordinary childhood illnesses have no effect on physical growth.

A. well-nourished children

14

In most industrialized nations, health care services are provided at low cost to all citizens because

A. insurance companies cover the majority of medical expenses.
B. health insurance is considered a fundamental human right.
C. the supply of doctors and nurses exceeds the demand.
D. the rate of infectious disease is relatively low.

In most industrialized nations, health care services are provided at low cost to all citizens because


B. health insurance is considered a fundamental human right.

15

Research on immunization indicates that

A. immunizations are unnecessary for healthy, well-nourished children.
B. about 20 percent of U.S. infants and toddlers are not fully immunized.
C. the United States has one of the highest child immunization rates in the world.
D. mercury-based preservatives used in vaccines may cause autism.

Research on immunization indicates that


B. about 20 percent of U.S. infants and toddlers are not fully immunized.

16

By age 3, ___ percent of U.S. children have had respiratory illnesses that resulted in at least one bout of otitis media.
A. 15
B. 35
C. 55
D. 75

By age 3, ___ percent of U.S. children have had respiratory illnesses that resulted in at least one bout of otitis media.

D. 75

17

Childhood injuries commonly viewed as "accidental" actually occur

A. as a result of parent neglect.
B. within a complex ecological system.
C. in child-care or preschool settings.
D. in rural areas with limited access to medical care.

Childhood injuries commonly viewed as "accidental" actually occur


B. within a complex ecological system.

18

An infant or toddler in ______ becomes sick 9 to 10 times a year, mainly from diarrhea and respiratory infections.

A. developing nations
B. foster care
C. the U.S.
D. child care

An infant or toddler in ______ becomes sick 9 to 10 times a year, mainly from diarrhea and respiratory infections.

D. child care

19

Substantially reducing injury rates, especially in overactive and temperamentally difficult children, can be achieved by

A. teaching safety standards in a lecture format.
B. enforcing strict consequences for misbehavior.
C. positive parenting and an affectionate, supportive relationship with the child.
D. restricting children's access to outdoor play until they demonstrate adequate safety knowledge.

Substantially reducing injury rates, especially in overactive and temperamentally difficult children, can be achieved by


C. positive parenting and an affectionate, supportive relationship with the child.

20

Of the following, which statement is true regarding gross-motor development in childhood?

A. By age 2, preschoolers' gaits become smooth and rhythmic.
B. By age 3, most children can catch a ball easily with their hands.
C. By age 4, most children can ride a bicycle with training wheels.
D. As children grow older, their bodies become more top-heavy.

Of the following, which statement is true regarding gross-motor development in childhood?

A. By age 2, preschoolers' gaits become smooth and rhythmic.

21

Fine-motor progress in young children becomes most apparent to parents in two areas:

A. improved athletic skills and balance.
B. riding a bicycle with training wheels and catching balls.
C. children's care of their own bodies and detailed drawings and paintings.
D. increased running speed and true skipping.

Fine-motor progress in young Fine-motor progress in young children becomes most apparent to parents in two areas:

C. children's care of their own bodies and detailed drawings and paintings.
.

22

Around age _____, Mikail should be able to tie his own shoes.
A. 3 to 4
B. 2 to 3
C. 4 to 5
D. 5 to 6

Around age _____, Mikail should be able to tie his own shoes.

D. 5 to 6

23

Of the following, which appears to be a universal beginning in drawing human figures?
A. stick or contour figures
B. geometric shapes
C. three-dimensional forms
D. straight lines only

Of the following, which appears to be a universal beginning in drawing human figures?
A. stick or contour figures

24

As children grow older, differences in motor skills between boys and girls become larger, while differences in physical capacity

A. become less dependent on practice.
B. are nonexistent until adolescence.
C. remain small throughout childhood.
D. decrease gradually through middle childhood.

As children grow older, differences in motor skills between boys and girls become larger, while differences in physical capacity


C. remain small throughout childhood.

25

Research shows that children master the motor skills of early childhood

A. through formal lessons.
B. by observing adults engaged in physical activity.
C. in stages, much like cognitive development.
D. naturally, as part of their everyday play.

Research shows that children master the motor skills of early childhood


D. naturally, as part of their everyday play.

26

Between ages 2 and 6, approximately 45 new __________ emerge in various parts of the skeleton.

A. lymph nodes
B. calcium deposits
C. synapses
D. epiphyses

Between ages 2 and 6, approximately 45 new __________ emerge in various parts of the skeleton.

D. epiphyses

27

How does exposure to tobacco smoke contribute to tooth decay?

A. It causes a craving for sugary foods, which, in turn, causes tooth decay.
B. It introduces bacteria into the tissues of the nose and mouth.
C. It suppresses children's immune system, including the ability to fight bacteria responsible for tooth decay.
D. It counteracts the effects of fluoride treatments.

How does exposure to tobacco smoke contribute to tooth decay?

C. It suppresses children's immune system, including the ability to fight bacteria responsible for tooth decay.

28

Brain-imaging studies reveal that __________ in the cerebral cortex reaches a peak around age 4.

A. hormone production
B. lateralization
C. synaptic pruning
D. energy metabolism

Brain-imaging studies reveal that __________ in the cerebral cortex reaches a peak around age 4.


D. energy metabolism

29

EEG and fMRI measures of neural activity in the brain's various cortical regions reveal especially rapid growth from 3 to 6 years in frontal-lobe areas devoted to

A. spatial skills.
B. short- and long-term memory.
C. motor skills.
D. attention and planning and organizing behavior.

EEG and fMRI measures of neural activity in the brain's various cortical regions reveal especially rapid growth from 3 to 6 years in frontal-lobe areas devoted to


D. attention and planning and organizing behavior.

30

For the 10 percent of left-handers in Western nations, language is occasionally located in the

A. inner hippocampus.
B. left hemisphere of the corpus callosum.
C. base of the cerebellum.
D. right hemisphere, or shared between hemispheres of the brain.

For the 10 percent of left-handers in Western nations, language is occasionally located in the

D. right hemisphere, or shared between hemispheres of the brain.