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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (240)
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1

Collum is also known as?

"coller" or neck

2

Nuchae is also known as?

Nape or posterior neck

3

Cervix is also known as?

Neck

4

Another name for "Adam's Apple"

Laryngeal prominence

5

What vertebral level is the Thyroid cartilage found?

C4- C5 vertebral level

6

What is the function of the hyoid bone?

Site of attachment for many anterior neck muscles and some muscles of the tongue

7

Parts of the hyoid bone

Body,
Greater and Lesser Cornus (horns)

8

What vertebral level is the hyoid bone found?

C3`

9

How many cricoid cartilage are there?

one

10

Is the cricoid cartilage a part of the trachea?

No, it is a cartilage of the larynx

11

What vertebral level is the cricoid cartilage found?

C6

12

Where does the tracheal cartilage begin?

Below C6, inferior to the cricoid cartilage

13

The Chin is also known as?

Mentum

14

What muscle covers the Ramus of the Mandible?

Masseter

15

What is the mastoid process a part of?

Temporal Bone

16

What is the skin of the neck innervated by?

Primarily C2,3 &4 spinal nerves

17

What are dermatomes?

Area of skin innervated by a specific nerve segment

18

What nerve innervates the anterior 2/3 of the head (face)?

Trigeminal Nerve or V nerve

19

Does the Trigeminal Nerve innervate the angle of mandible?

No, C2 innervates the angle of mandible

20

What part of the head does C2 spinal nerve innervate?

Occiput, majority of ear, angle of mandible and under the chin/jawline (refer to image for C2, C3 and C4 dermatomes)

21

What is the Origin of the platysma muscle?

Fascia and skin of deltoid & pectoral regions

22

What is the insertion of the platysma muscle?

Mandible and tissues around the mouth

23

What is the innervation of the platysma muscle?

Facial nerve (cervical branch), VII Nerve

24

What are the actions of the Platysma muscle?

1) helps to depress the mandible
2) tighten and wrinkle the skin of antero-lateral neck
3) depresses the lower lip and angle of the mouth

25

What does the external jugular vein usually come from?

Posterior auricular vein and retromandibular veins

26

Where does the external jugular vein usually travel?

Superficial to the Sternocleidomastoid muscle and deep to the clavicle

27

Where can the facial vein drain into?

One, two of all of the following:
1)external jugular vein
2) anterior jugular vein
3) internal jugular vein

28

What are the borders of the anterior triangle of the neck?

Posterior - SCM
Superior - Inferior border of the mandible
Anterior - midline of anterior neck

29

What are the borders of the posterior triangle?

Inferior - clavicle
Anterior SCM
Posterior Trapezius

30

What is is the Origin of Sternocleidomastoid muscle?

Sternum (tendinous)
Clavicle