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Flashcards in midterm Deck (41)
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1

These are the 3 core functions of public health

-assessment
-policy development
-assurance

2

these are the two main differences between public health and medicine

public health is population based and prevention based

medicine is individual based and cure based

3

This is one of the biggest reasons public health efforts can be controversial

TAXES

4

these are five steps of prevention and intervention

Step 1: define health problem
step 2: identify risk factors
Step3 : develop community-led intervention
step 4: implement intervention
step 5: monitor intervention to assess effects

5

besides eating well and exercising, these are 4 other components of health.. some may even consider to be social justice

-affordable housing -educational opportunities
- access to health care
-employment opportunities

6

This is the difference between the theory of Public good and the theory of market justice

public good= favors fairness and equity
Market justice=favors individual success

7

An example of a clash between morals and public health goals

-sex education in schools/planned parenthood
-dare program

8

these are everyday responsibilities for public health

-collect health statistics
-control disease
-administer health inspections
-screenings
- sanitation

9

The equation used to determine "frequency of a disease"

# of cases ( of disease)/ population of town/county

10

definition of "social capital"

Social capital affects health risk behavior in the sense that individuals who are embedded in a network or community rich in support, social trust, information, and norms, have resources that help achieve health goals

11

three questions epidemiologists ask

-who is getting the disease
-when is the disease occurring
-where is the disease occurring

12

He was considered the first epidemiologist

john snow

13

screening tests can have one of these two characteristics

specific: more limited data received
sensitive: more data passes through

14

the difference between incidence and prevalence rates

-incidence rates chart the number of NEW cases of diseases
- prevalence looks at existing cases of disease

15

three conditions that can be caused by obesity

-heart disease
-diabetes
-high blood pressure

16

top 3 ACTUAL causes of death

tobacco
poor diet/physical activity
alcohol consumption
** remember all are preventable!

17

This is the most important predictor of health

Socioeconomic status

18

socioeconomic status (SES) include

income
educational background
occupational status

19

four contributors to poor health

-poor environmental conditions
-limited nutrition/physical activity
-limited access to healthcare
-psychological stress

20

5 components of ecological model

public policy: (national, state, local laws)
community: (relationships among organizations
organizational:(organizations, social institutions)
interpersonal: (family, friends, social networks)
individual: (knowledge, attitudes, skills)

21

5 steps to transtheoretical model

precontemplation
contemplation
preparation
action
maintenance

22

components to health belief model

demographic variables:
ex: use of condoms to prevent STD
cues to action:(someone you know is diagnosed with STD
costs:( not as pleasurable)
benefits:(protects against most STD's)
susceptibility:( how likely am I to contract an STD
severity: how bad would having an STD be (likelihood of behavior)

23

public health measures that contribute most to people being healthier today than they were a century ago are:

sanitation, better nutrition, and occupational safety

24

core functions of public health:

assessment, policy develop, and assurance

25

which of the following is true of politics and public health

politics is an essential element of democratic governance

26

what level has the primary responsibilities of the health of the population

state

27

which of the following is true

the federal government utilizes the granting of funds to individual states in order to help protect the health of the population with example of helmet laws

28

what is true of epidemiology

assess, occurrence, and cause of disease

29

who was first epidemiologist?

john snow

30

high SES is not associated with which of the following factors that affect health behaviors

high stress