Flashcards in Midterm Study Guide, First And Second Nine Weeks Deck (124):
What was England's first PERMANENT settlement in North America?
Why did the puritans leave England?
To escape persecution by England's king
What is a charter?
Permission to start a colony in the new world
Why did John Smith say, "He that does not work shall not eat"?
He wanted the colony to be organized and safe
Why did the puritans want to build a "city upon a hill"?
To show others what an ideal Christian community should be like
Why were joint-stock companies a good way of financing new colonies in North America?
Large sums of money could be raised with little risk to investors
An indentured servant traded his or her _______ for passage to America
The house of _______ marked the start of representative government in America
What religion was William Penn?
Why was William Penn's colony considered a "Holy experiment"?
It would allow people of different religions to live together peacefully
Why role did women play in Quaker meetings?
They were allowed to lead the meetings
Which economic activity dominated the early French settlements in America?
Why among the following had the right to vote in the English colonies?
A. White men and women who owned property
B. White men only>⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️
C.White men and freed Africans
D. White men and some Native Americans
Which of the following was legal under the slave codes?
A. Teaching enslaved people to read and write
B. Enslaved people meeting in large numbers
C. The killing of an enslaved person by his or her master⭐️⭐️<
D. An enslaved person owning a weapon
What was the Great Awakening?
A Christian revival that swept the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s
Which of the following is the MAIN reason why colonial authorities wrote slave codes?
A. They didn't want slaves leaving the plantations without permission
B. They didn't want slaves learning to read and write
C. They feared slave revolts⭐️⭐️>
D. They feared antislavery laws
Slavery became for widely used in the southern region because
Cash crops, which grew more easily in this region, required a large labor force
New England's economy was MOSTLY based on
B. Natural resources⭐️⭐️⭐️>>
C. Raising livestock
D. Growing cash crops
What caused Bacon's rebellion?
Frontier settlers were angry that Virginia's government wasn't offering protection from Indian attacks
Why is the Wilderness Road important?
It brought settlers west and trade goods east
Who was instrumental in maintaining peace between the Cherokee and the British?
How did the Long Hunters get their names?
They hunted in the wilderness for periods of time
Who was a famous frontiersman who led settlers into Kentucky and Tennessee through the Cumberland Gap along the Wilderness road?
A force of armed civilians pledged to defend their community
Members of the colonial militia who were trained to respond at a "Minutes notice"
A colonist who wanted independence from Great Britain
Colonist who didn't want independence from Great Britian
Wrote Common Sense to urge Americans to declare independence
I created the propaganda to make the Boston Massacre look like a Massacre. I also got credit for taking the "Midnight Ride" to warn the people of the country side that the British soldiers were approaching
We're the group of people who represent each of the 13 colonies. We met in Philadelphia to try to solve problems with the British, but eventually we voted to separate from England. Almost all of us signed the Declaration of Independence
Sons of Liberty
We are the group of people who protest against British Laws using violent and peaceful forms of protest
What caused the French and Indian war?
British settlers pushed west into French and Native American lands
Who won the French and Indian war?
What consequence of the French and Indian war most directly lead to the Revolutionary War?
Great Britain was in debt
Which geographic barrier were the colonists forbidden to cross by the Proclamation of 1763?
The Appalachian Mountains
What does "No taxation without representation" mean?
The colonists should have a say in the government that taxes them
The Intolerable Acts were punishment for what?
The Boston Tea Party
Why did colonists resent the Stamp Act?
They didn't think Britain had the authority to tax them
What did the 1767 Townshend Acts specify?
Britain would only tax products IMPORTED into the country
Colonists felt that the Writs of Assistance and the Quartering Act did what?
Violated their privacy
The depiction of the Boston Massacre is an example of what?
Name England's law making body
What did the Tea Act attempt to do?
Lower the price on tea while keeping a tax on tea
Why did the colonists resent the Tea Act?
It established a British monopoly on tea
Which of the following was an effect of the Tea Act?
Boston tea party
The Declaratory Act stated that
The Parliament had the power to make laws for the colonies, "In all cases whatsoever"
The Salutary Neglect allowed the colonies to
Ignore British laws, fines, and trade regulations
Which scientist, printer, and statesman was the Founding Father to have signed 5 important founding documents of the United States
The main job of the legislative branch is to
Make laws needed for the country
The judicial branch is responsible for
Explaining laws and determining if they are constitutional
The most important job of the executive branch is to
Enforce and carry out laws
Which branch of government has the power to declare actions and laws unconstitutional?
Which branch of government can impeach the president?
Which branch appoints judges?
Federal and state governments both have the power to tax. This is an example of
Which of these parts of the U.S. Constitution contains fundamental liberties of American citizens?
Amendments 1-10 aka Bill of Rights
Bill of rights consists of what?
Which amendment describes the procedures that courts must used when trying people accused of crimes?
The 6th, 7th, and 8th amendments
First amendment protects
A. Freedom of religion and voting rights
B. Freedom of assembly and the press
The 8th amendment states that,"excessive bail shall not be required" Why might this be open to interpretation?
People may disagree about what amount of bail counts as "excessive"
Which amendment protects a person from testifying against him/herself?
The 3rd amendment (quartering of troops) protects a citizen's what?
Right to privacy
The establishment clause says
Governments can't support or endorse a specific religion
The establishment clause is in what amendment to the constitution?
An accused person requests a lawyer before being questioned by police. Which amendment are they using?
Law enforcement must have a probable cause or a search warrant to search a house. Which amendment?
4th- search and cease
A person found innocent for a crime may not be tried again for the same crime. Which amendment?
Why was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point for the Patriots?
A. They realized they didn't need foreign allies
B. They saved the army from losing enlisted men
C. They got a Prussian to train the Continental Army
D. They gained the support of France and Spain
D. They gained the support of France and Spain
Why was the winter at Valley Forge such a difficult time for the Continental Army?
The army lacked protection and supplies
How did the war in the South differ from the fighting in other colonies?
There was more guerrilla warfare in the South
The last major battle of the Revolutionary War happened at:
C. Bunker Hill
In this last battle, which Navy blockaded the supply ships from reaching Cornwallis?
The last major battle of the Revolutionary War happened in what year?
On which holiday did Washington cross the Delaware?
What were the results of this victory (the battle after the "crossing")
Increased confidence brings new recruits
Which two European countries helped America in their fight for independence ?
France and Spain
Why was Von Stuben's training helpful for the soldiers at Valley Forge?
A. It prepared them for battle
B. It gave them something to do in the cold winter
C. It gave them professional pride and confidence
D. All of the above
A main American strength of the War was
An able and inspiring leader in George Washington
Which of the following were British weaknesses?
Didn't have the support of the British people
When was the Treaty of Paris signed?
Which of the following was an IMMEDIATE consequence of the Revolutionary War?
America was in debt
The largest contributor of American deaths in the was was due to
A. Friendly fire
B. Battle fatalities
C. Deaths in British Prisons
D. Starvation, disease, and exposure
D. starvation, disease, and exposure.
"Summer soldiers and sunshine patriots" might be described as
Major Ferguson from King's Mtn. Battle declared he would clear the colonist who disobeyed the Proclamation of 1763 with:
A. Fire and ice
B. Haste and severity
C. Fire and sword
D. Guns and powder
C. Fire and sword
What is the name of the area of land shown in the map above, which includes parts of KY and TN?
The Transylvania purchase
Washington county was formed as a result of which set of petitions?
Who established the short-lived Transylvania colony in KY?
Which Native American tribe did Nancy Ward become a leader of, due to her participation in battles against other tribes?
Richard Henderson sent which two leaders to co-found Nashville?
John Donelson and James Robertson
Who won the battle of King's mountain?
The American Militia
Marquis de Lafayette
Known as the "Soldiers friend"
Baron Von Stuben
Trained soldiers at Valley Forge, Prussian
George Rogers Clark
"George Washington of the West"
"I regret that I have but one life to lose for my country"
Diplomat to France
Commander of the Continental Army
The Magna Carta is an important influence on the Constitution because
It established the idea of limited government
The English Bill Of Rights is significant because
It listed freedoms protected by the government
The passage of the Land Ordinance of 1785 created a
System to auction public lands to pay off government debt
The Land Ordinance of 1795 would require that
Part of each section would be set aside for schools
What kind of stance did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 take on the issue of slavery?
Slavery was outlawed, but slave owners could bring their slaves in from other states
What is the significance of the Articles of Confederation?
They established the first national government of the United States
Why were the Articles of Confederation intentionally set up to be weak?
The new government under the Articles were intentionally set up to prevent an oppressive government like the colonies under Great Britain
Daniel Shays and other farmers were at risk of losing their land because
They couldn't pay their taxes or debts
Following Shays rebellion, most Americans called for establishing
A stronger central (national) government
Who is known as the, "Father of the Constitution"?
Small states wanted:
Equal state representation in Congress
The Great (or Connecticut) Compromise created the
The members of the Senate are determined by
Equal state representation
Members of the house of the representatives are determined by
Population of the state
Which of the following established a way selves would be counted for representation and taxation in Congress?
The 3/5ths compromise
At the constitutional convention, congress decided that it couldn't ban the international slave trade until
In what year was the Constitutionsl Convention held?
Where was the constitutional convention held?
States electoral votes are based on
According to the Constitution, how is the chief executive(president) elected?
By electoral vote
Antifedralists didn't like the constitution because
It didn't have a bill of rights
What were the federalist papers?
Articles for the ratification of the constitution
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the constitution?
To protect personal liberties
People who supported the Constitution were known as