Midterm Study Guide, First And Second Nine Weeks Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Midterm Study Guide, First And Second Nine Weeks Deck (124):
0

What was England's first PERMANENT settlement in North America?

Jamestown

1

Why did the puritans leave England?

To escape persecution by England's king

2

What is a charter?

Permission to start a colony in the new world

3

Why did John Smith say, "He that does not work shall not eat"?

He wanted the colony to be organized and safe

4

Why did the puritans want to build a "city upon a hill"?

To show others what an ideal Christian community should be like

5

Why were joint-stock companies a good way of financing new colonies in North America?

Large sums of money could be raised with little risk to investors

6

An indentured servant traded his or her _______ for passage to America

Labor

7

The house of _______ marked the start of representative government in America

Burgesses

8

What religion was William Penn?

Quaker

9

Why was William Penn's colony considered a "Holy experiment"?

It would allow people of different religions to live together peacefully

10

Why role did women play in Quaker meetings?

They were allowed to lead the meetings

11

Which economic activity dominated the early French settlements in America?

Fur trade

12

Why among the following had the right to vote in the English colonies?

A. White men and women who owned property
B. White men only>⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️
C.White men and freed Africans
D. White men and some Native Americans

13

Which of the following was legal under the slave codes?

A. Teaching enslaved people to read and write
B. Enslaved people meeting in large numbers
C. The killing of an enslaved person by his or her master⭐️⭐️<
D. An enslaved person owning a weapon

14

What was the Great Awakening?

A Christian revival that swept the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s

15

Which of the following is the MAIN reason why colonial authorities wrote slave codes?

A. They didn't want slaves leaving the plantations without permission
B. They didn't want slaves learning to read and write
C. They feared slave revolts⭐️⭐️>
D. They feared antislavery laws

16

Slavery became for widely used in the southern region because

Cash crops, which grew more easily in this region, required a large labor force

17

New England's economy was MOSTLY based on

A. Manufacturing
B. Natural resources⭐️⭐️⭐️>>
C. Raising livestock
D. Growing cash crops

18

What caused Bacon's rebellion?

Frontier settlers were angry that Virginia's government wasn't offering protection from Indian attacks

19

Why is the Wilderness Road important?

It brought settlers west and trade goods east

20

Who was instrumental in maintaining peace between the Cherokee and the British?

Little carpenter

21

How did the Long Hunters get their names?

They hunted in the wilderness for periods of time

22

Who was a famous frontiersman who led settlers into Kentucky and Tennessee through the Cumberland Gap along the Wilderness road?

Daniel Boone

23

Militia

A force of armed civilians pledged to defend their community

24

Minutemen

Members of the colonial militia who were trained to respond at a "Minutes notice"

25

Patriot

A colonist who wanted independence from Great Britain

26

Loyalist

Colonist who didn't want independence from Great Britian

27

Thomas Paine

Wrote Common Sense to urge Americans to declare independence

28

Paul Revere

I created the propaganda to make the Boston Massacre look like a Massacre. I also got credit for taking the "Midnight Ride" to warn the people of the country side that the British soldiers were approaching

29

Continental Congress

We're the group of people who represent each of the 13 colonies. We met in Philadelphia to try to solve problems with the British, but eventually we voted to separate from England. Almost all of us signed the Declaration of Independence

30

Sons of Liberty

We are the group of people who protest against British Laws using violent and peaceful forms of protest

31

What caused the French and Indian war?

British settlers pushed west into French and Native American lands

32

Who won the French and Indian war?

Great Britian

33

What consequence of the French and Indian war most directly lead to the Revolutionary War?

Great Britain was in debt

34

Which geographic barrier were the colonists forbidden to cross by the Proclamation of 1763?

The Appalachian Mountains

35

What does "No taxation without representation" mean?

The colonists should have a say in the government that taxes them

36

The Intolerable Acts were punishment for what?

The Boston Tea Party

37

Why did colonists resent the Stamp Act?

They didn't think Britain had the authority to tax them

38

What did the 1767 Townshend Acts specify?

Britain would only tax products IMPORTED into the country

39

Colonists felt that the Writs of Assistance and the Quartering Act did what?

Violated their privacy

40

The depiction of the Boston Massacre is an example of what?

Historical propaganda

41

Name England's law making body

Parliament

42

What did the Tea Act attempt to do?

Lower the price on tea while keeping a tax on tea

43

Why did the colonists resent the Tea Act?

It established a British monopoly on tea

44

Which of the following was an effect of the Tea Act?

Boston tea party

45

The Declaratory Act stated that

The Parliament had the power to make laws for the colonies, "In all cases whatsoever"

46

The Salutary Neglect allowed the colonies to

Ignore British laws, fines, and trade regulations

47

Which scientist, printer, and statesman was the Founding Father to have signed 5 important founding documents of the United States

Ben Franklin

48

The main job of the legislative branch is to

Make laws needed for the country

49

The judicial branch is responsible for

Explaining laws and determining if they are constitutional

50

The most important job of the executive branch is to

Enforce and carry out laws

51

Which branch of government has the power to declare actions and laws unconstitutional?

Judicial

52

Which branch of government can impeach the president?

Legislative

53

Which branch appoints judges?

Executive

54

Federal and state governments both have the power to tax. This is an example of

Federalism

55

Which of these parts of the U.S. Constitution contains fundamental liberties of American citizens?

Amendments 1-10 aka Bill of Rights

56

Bill of rights consists of what?

Amendments 1-10

57

Which amendment describes the procedures that courts must used when trying people accused of crimes?

The 6th, 7th, and 8th amendments

58

First amendment protects

A. Freedom of religion and voting rights
B. Freedom of assembly and the press

59

The 8th amendment states that,"excessive bail shall not be required" Why might this be open to interpretation?

People may disagree about what amount of bail counts as "excessive"

60

Which amendment protects a person from testifying against him/herself?
A. 2nd
B. 3rd
C. 5th
D. 7th

5th

61

The 3rd amendment (quartering of troops) protects a citizen's what?

Right to privacy

62

The establishment clause says

Governments can't support or endorse a specific religion

63

The establishment clause is in what amendment to the constitution?

1st

64

An accused person requests a lawyer before being questioned by police. Which amendment are they using?

6th

65

Law enforcement must have a probable cause or a search warrant to search a house. Which amendment?

4th- search and cease

66

A person found innocent for a crime may not be tried again for the same crime. Which amendment?

5th amendment

67

Why was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point for the Patriots?
A. They realized they didn't need foreign allies
B. They saved the army from losing enlisted men
C. They got a Prussian to train the Continental Army
D. They gained the support of France and Spain

D. They gained the support of France and Spain

68

Why was the winter at Valley Forge such a difficult time for the Continental Army?

The army lacked protection and supplies

69

How did the war in the South differ from the fighting in other colonies?

There was more guerrilla warfare in the South

70

The last major battle of the Revolutionary War happened at:
A.Yorktown
B.Lexington
C. Bunker Hill
D. Charlestown

A.Yorktown

71

In this last battle, which Navy blockaded the supply ships from reaching Cornwallis?
A. British
B. French
C. Spanish
D. American

French

72

The last major battle of the Revolutionary War happened in what year?
A. 1776
B. 1781
C.1783
D.1787

B. 1781

73

On which holiday did Washington cross the Delaware?

Christmas

74

What were the results of this victory (the battle after the "crossing")

Increased confidence brings new recruits

75

Which two European countries helped America in their fight for independence ?

France and Spain

76

Why was Von Stuben's training helpful for the soldiers at Valley Forge?

A. It prepared them for battle
B. It gave them something to do in the cold winter
C. It gave them professional pride and confidence
D. All of the above

77

A main American strength of the War was

An able and inspiring leader in George Washington

78

Which of the following were British weaknesses?

Didn't have the support of the British people

79

When was the Treaty of Paris signed?
A. 1776
B. 1779
C. 1781
D. 1783

1783

80

Which of the following was an IMMEDIATE consequence of the Revolutionary War?

America was in debt

81

The largest contributor of American deaths in the was was due to
A. Friendly fire
B. Battle fatalities
C. Deaths in British Prisons
D. Starvation, disease, and exposure

D. starvation, disease, and exposure.

82

"Summer soldiers and sunshine patriots" might be described as

Fighters

83

Major Ferguson from King's Mtn. Battle declared he would clear the colonist who disobeyed the Proclamation of 1763 with:
A. Fire and ice
B. Haste and severity
C. Fire and sword
D. Guns and powder

C. Fire and sword

84

What is the name of the area of land shown in the map above, which includes parts of KY and TN?

The Transylvania purchase

85

Washington county was formed as a result of which set of petitions?

Watauga petitions

86

Who established the short-lived Transylvania colony in KY?

Richard Henderson

87

Which Native American tribe did Nancy Ward become a leader of, due to her participation in battles against other tribes?

Cherokee

88

Richard Henderson sent which two leaders to co-found Nashville?

John Donelson and James Robertson

89

Who won the battle of King's mountain?

The American Militia

90

Francis Marion

"Swamp Fox"

91

Marquis de Lafayette

Known as the "Soldiers friend"

92

Baron Von Stuben

Trained soldiers at Valley Forge, Prussian

93

George Rogers Clark

"George Washington of the West"

94

Nathan Hale

"I regret that I have but one life to lose for my country"

95

Benedict Arnold

Hero/traitor

96

Ben Franklin

Diplomat to France

97

George Washington

Commander of the Continental Army

98

The Magna Carta is an important influence on the Constitution because

It established the idea of limited government

99

The English Bill Of Rights is significant because

It listed freedoms protected by the government

100

The passage of the Land Ordinance of 1785 created a

System to auction public lands to pay off government debt

101

The Land Ordinance of 1795 would require that

Part of each section would be set aside for schools

102

What kind of stance did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 take on the issue of slavery?

Slavery was outlawed, but slave owners could bring their slaves in from other states

103

What is the significance of the Articles of Confederation?

They established the first national government of the United States

104

Why were the Articles of Confederation intentionally set up to be weak?

The new government under the Articles were intentionally set up to prevent an oppressive government like the colonies under Great Britain

105

Daniel Shays and other farmers were at risk of losing their land because

They couldn't pay their taxes or debts

106

Following Shays rebellion, most Americans called for establishing

A stronger central (national) government

107

Who is known as the, "Father of the Constitution"?

James Madison

108

Small states wanted:

Equal state representation in Congress

109

The Great (or Connecticut) Compromise created the

Bicameral legislature

110

The members of the Senate are determined by

Equal state representation

111

Members of the house of the representatives are determined by

Population of the state

112

Which of the following established a way selves would be counted for representation and taxation in Congress?

The 3/5ths compromise

113

At the constitutional convention, congress decided that it couldn't ban the international slave trade until

1808

114

In what year was the Constitutionsl Convention held?

1787

115

Where was the constitutional convention held?

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

116

States electoral votes are based on

Population

117

According to the Constitution, how is the chief executive(president) elected?

By electoral vote

118

Define ratify

Approve

119

Antifedralists didn't like the constitution because

It didn't have a bill of rights

120

What were the federalist papers?

Articles for the ratification of the constitution

121

Why was the Bill of Rights added to the constitution?

To protect personal liberties

122

People who supported the Constitution were known as

Federalists

123

The constitution only needed ____ states to pass it

9