Midterm: Units 6-9 Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary (Grade 11) > Midterm: Units 6-9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm: Units 6-9 Deck (40):
1

agnostic

(n.) one who believes that nothing can be known about God; a skeptic; (adj.) without faith, skeptical
Synonyms: doubter
Antonyms: believer

2

derelict

(n.) someone or something that is abandoned or neglected; (adj.) left abandoned; neglectful of duty
Synonyms: (n.) vagrant; (adj.) remiss, delinquent
Antonyms: (adj.) punctilious, conscientious, scrupulous

3

effigy

(n.) a crude image of a despised person
Synonyms: figure, figurine, likeness

4

inane

(adj.) silly, empty of meaning or value
Synonyms: vapid, idiotic, moronic, fatuous
Antonyms: sensible, meaningful, profound

5

indubitable

(adj.) certain, not to be doubted or denied
Synonyms: unquestionable, indisputable
Antonyms: questionable, debatable, dubious

6

moot

(adj.) open to discussion and debate, unresolved; (v.) to bring up for discussion; (n.) a hypothetical law case argued by students
Synonyms: (adj.) debatable, questionable; (v.) broach
Antonyms: (adj.) undebatable, indisputable, self-evident

7

neophyte

(n.) a new convert, beginner, novice
Synonyms: tenderfoot, tyro, rookie
Antonyms: veteran, past master, expert, pro

8

plenary

(adj.) complete in all aspects or essentials; absolute; attended by all qualified members
Synonyms: unlimited, unrestricted
Antonyms: limited, restricted, incomplete

9

sylvan

(adj.) pertaining to or characteristic of forests; living or located in a forest; wooded, woody
Synonyms: forested, arcadian

10

travesty

(n.) a grotesque or grossly inferior imitation; a disguise, especially the clothing of the opposite sex; (v.) to ridicule by imitating in a broad or burlesque fashion
Synonyms: (n.) burlesque, parody, caricature, farce

11

allay

(v.) to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve
Synonyms: reduce, alleviate, moderate
Antonyms: aggravate, exacerbate, intensify

12

convivial

(adj.) festive, sociable, having fun together, genial
Synonyms: fun-loving, jovial, merry
Antonyms: dour, grim, sullen, unsociable

13

counterpart

(n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement
Synonym: match

14

effrontery

(n.) shameless boldness, impudence
Synonyms: gall, chutzpah, nerve, impertinence, cheek
Antonyms: shyness, diffidence, timidity

15

ephemeral

(adj.) lasting only a short time, short-lived
Synonyms: fleeting, transient, evanescent, transitory
Antonyms: durable, long-lasting, permanent, perpetual

16

furtive

(adj.) done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen
Synonyms: clandestine, covert, surreptitious
Antonyms: forthright, aboveboard, open

17

illusory

(adj.) misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality
Synonyms: specious, spurious, fanciful, imaginary
Antonyms: actual, real, factual, objective

18

inordinate

(adj.) far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive
Synonyms: exorbitant, extravagant
Antonyms: moderate, reasonable, equitable

19

misanthrope

(n.) a person who hates or despises people
Synonyms: people-hater

20

picayune

(adj.) of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded
Synonyms: inconsequential, piddling, trifling
Antonyms: important, significant, huge, gigantic

21

arrant

(adj.) thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant
Synonyms: egregious, unmitigated

22

conciliate

(v.) to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
Synonyms: placate, mollify, propitiate
Antonyms: antagonize, alienate, estrange

23

echelon

(n.) one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a step-like formation or arrangement
Synonyms: level, rank

24

fatuous

(adj.) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
Synonyms: silly, vapid, inane, doltish, vacuous
Antonyms: sensible, intelligent, perceptive, bright

25

juggernaut

(n.) a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path

26

litany

(n.) a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
Synonyms: rigmarole, catalog, megillah

27

paucity

(n.) an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
Synonym: lack
Antonyms: abundance, glut, plenitude, deluge

28

raze

(v.) to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off or out
Synonyms: pull down, demolish, shave off
Antonyms: build, construct, raise, erect

29

saturate

(v.) to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
Synonyms: permeate, drench, flood, imbue
Antonyms: drain

30

slough

(v.) to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud; (n.) a mire; a state of depression
Synonyms: (v.) shed, slog
Antonyms: (v.) take on, acquire, assume

31

acclamation

(n.) shout of welcome; an overwhelming verbal vote of approval
Synonyms: ovation, cheering, plaudits
Antonyms: booing, hissing, jeers, catcalls

32

calumniate

(v.) to slander; to accuse falsely and maliciously
Synonyms: defame, libel
Antonyms: flatter, whitewash, praise

33

collusion

(n.) secret agreement or cooperation
Synonyms: conspiracy, plot, connivance, cahoots

34

imperturbable

(adj.) not easily excited; emotionally steady
Synonyms: unflappable, unexcitable, serene, unruffled
Antonym: excitable

35

mandate

(n.) an authoritative command, formal order, authorization; (v.) to issue such an order
Synonym: directive
Antonyms: forbid, ban, outlaw

36

paroxysm

(n.) a sudden outburst; a spasm, convulsion
Synonyms: fit, seizure

37

peregrination

(n.) the act of traveling; an excursion, especially on foot or to a foreign country
Synonyms: journey, wandering, odyssey

38

refulgent

(adj.) shining, radiant, resplendent
Synonyms: luminous, splendid
Antonyms: dim, dark, obscure, dingy, dull, murky

39

tyro

(n.) a beginner, novice; one with little or no background or skill
Synonym: neophyte
Antonyms: veteran, past master, expert

40

vacillate

(v.) to swing indecisively from one idea or course of action to another; to waver weakly in mind or will
Synonyms: seesaw, fluctuate, oscillate
Antonym: persevere