Unit 13 Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary (Grade 11) > Unit 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 13 Deck (20):
1

abstruse

(adj.) extremely difficult to understand
Synonyms: esoteric, arcane, recondite, occult
Antonyms: simple, straightforward

2

affront

(n.) an open or intentional insult; a slight; (v.) to insult to one's face; to face in defiance, confront
Synonyms: offense, offend
Antonyms: compliment, praise

3

canard

(n.) a false rumor, fabricated story
Synonym: hoax

4

captious

(adj.) excessively ready to find fault; given to petty criticism; intended to trap, confuse, or show up
Synonym(s): faultfinding, nit-picking, carping
Antonyms: uncritical

5

cognizant

(adj.) aware, knowledgeable, informed; having jurisdiction
Synonyms: conscious, acquainted
Antonyms: unaware, unconscious, oblivious

6

contrite

(adj.) regretful for some misdeed or sin; plagued by a sense of guilt; thoroughly penitent
Synonyms: remorseful, rueful
Antonyms: unrepentant, unapologetic, impenitent

7

cynosure

(n.) the center of attraction, attention, or interest; something that serves to guide or direct
Synonym: focus

8

decorous

(adj.) well behaved, dignified, socially proper
Synonyms: seemly, becoming, tasteful
Antonyms: unseemly, unbecoming, improper, tasteless

9

deign

(v.) to think it appropriate or suitable to one's dignity to do something; to condescend
Synonyms: deem, stoop

10

desiccated

(adj., part.) thoroughly dried out; divested of spirit or vitality; arid and uninteresting
Synonyms: dehydrated, shriveled, parched
Antonyms: sodden, soggy, waterlogged, drenched

11

efficacy

(n.) the power to produce a desired result
Synonyms: effectiveness, potency, reliability
Antonyms: ineffectiveness, impotence

12

engender

(v.) to bring into existence, give rise to, produce; to come into existence, assume form
Synonyms: beget, generate, cause, form
Antonyms: stop, deter

13

ethereal

(adj.) light, airy, delicate; highly refined; suggesting what is heavenly (rather than earthbound)
Synonyms: heavenly, celestial, gossamer
Antonyms: infernal, hellish, thick, heavy

14

facade

(n.) the front or face of a building; a surface appearance (as opposed to what may lie behind)
Synonyms: exterior, surface, mask, pretense
Antonyms: interior

15

ghoulish

(adj.) revolting in an unnatural or morbid way; suggestive of someone who robs graves or otherwise preys on the dead
Synonyms: fiendish, barbarous, monstrous

16

incongruous

(adj.) not in keeping, unsuitable, incompatible
Synonyms: discordant, jarring
Antonyms: compatible, harmonious, consistent

17

machination

(n.) a crafty, scheming, or underhanded action designed to accomplish some (usually evil) end
Synonyms: plot, scheme, maneuver

18

mesmerize

(v.) to hypnotize, entrance; to fascinate, enthrall, bewitch

19

opprobrium

(n.) disgrace arising from shameful conduct; contempt, reproach
Synonyms: infamy, dishonor, odium, shame
Antonyms: acclaim, honor, glory

20

putative

(adj.) generally regarded as such; reputed; hypothesize, inferred
Synonyms: supposed, presumed
Antonyms: known, corroborated, confirmed