Unit 10 Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary (Grade 11) > Unit 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 10 Deck (20):
1

askance

(adj.) with suspicion, distrust, or disapproval
Synonyms: distrustfully, suspiciously, skeptically

2

attenuate

(v.) to make thin or slender; to weaken or lessen in force, intensity, or value
Synonyms: thin out, dilute, water down
Antonyms: thicken, strengthen, bolster

3

benign

(adj.) gentle, kind; forgiving, understanding; having a favorable or beneficial effect; not malignant
Synonyms: benevolent, salutary, salubrious
Antonym: harmful

4

cavil

(v.) to find fault in a petty way, carp; (n.) a trivial objection or criticism
Synonyms: nitpick, quibble

5

charlatan

(n.) one who feigns knowledge or ability; a pretender, impostor, or quack
Synonym: fraud
Antonym: mountebank

6

decimate

(v.) to kill or destroy a large part of
Synonyms: ravage, devastate

7

foible

(n.) a weak point, failing, minor flaw
Synonyms: shortcoming, defect, quirk
Antonyms: forte, virtue

8

forgo

(v.) to do without, abstain from, give up
Synonyms: refrain from, renounce
Antonyms: indulge in, partake of

9

fraught

(adj.) full of or loaded with; accompanied by
Synonyms: charged with
Antonyms: devoid of, lacking, deficient in

10

inure

(v.) to toughen, harden; to render used to something by long subjection or exposure
Synonyms: accustom, acclimate

11

luminous

(adj.) emitting or reflecting light, glowing; illuminating
Synonyms: radiant, bright, refulgent, lustrous
Antonyms: dark, opaque, dim, murky

12

obsequious

(adj.) marked by slavish attentiveness; excessively submissive
Synonyms: fawning, servile, sycophantic, mealymouthed
Antonyms: assertive, bumptious, overbearing, candid, frank, independent

13

obtuse

(adj.) blunt, not coming to a point; slow or dull in understanding; not causing a sharp impression
Synonyms: stupid, dumb, thick, mild, dull-witted
Antonyms: acute, perceptive, quick-witted

14

oscillate

(v.) to swing back and forth with a steady rhythm; to fluctuate or waver
Synonyms: vibrate, vacillate

15

penitent

(adj.) regretful for one's sins or mistakes. (n.) one who is sorry for wrongdoing
Synonyms: remorseful, regretful, rueful, sorry
Antonyms: unrepentant, remorseless

16

peremptory

(adj.) having the nature of a command that leaves no opportunity for debate, denial, or refusal
Synonyms: high-handed, unconditional
Antonyms: irresolute, tentative, mild, unassuming

17

rebuff

(v.) to snub; to repel, drive away; (n.) a curt rejection, a check
Synonyms: spurn, repulse, reject; setback
Antonyms: accept, welcome

18

reconnoiter

(v.) to engage in reconnaissance; to make a preliminary inspection
Synonym: scout

19

shambles

(n.) a slaughterhouse; a place of mass bloodshed; a state of complete disorder and confusion; mess

20

sporadic

(adj.) occurring at irregular intervals, having no set plan or order
Synonyms: intermittent, spasmodic
Antonyms: constant, steady, continuous, uninterrupted