Unit 8 Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary (Grade 11) > Unit 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 8 Deck (20):
1

allege

(v.) to assert without proof or confirmation
Synonyms: claim, contend
Antonyms: prove, deny

2

arrant

(adj.) thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant
Synonyms: egregious, unmitigated

3

badinage

(n.) light and playful conversation
Synonyms: banter, persiflage, repartee
Antonym: sermon

4

conciliate

(v.) to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
Synonyms: placate, mollify, propitiate
Antonyms: antagonize, alienate, estrange

5

countermand

(v.) to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first
Synonyms: recall, revoke
Antonyms: reaffirm, reassert

6

echelon

(n.) one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a step-like formation or arrangement
Synonyms: level, rank

7

exacerbate

(v.) to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful
Synonyms: aggravate, intensify, worsen
Antonyms: alleviate, mitigate, ameliorate

8

fatuous

(adj.) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
Synonyms: silly, vapid, inane, doltish, vacuous
Antonyms: sensible, intelligent, perceptive, bright

9

irrefutable

(adj.) impossible to disprove; beyond argument
Synonyms: indisputable, incontrovertible, undeniable
Antonyms: disputable, indefensible, untenable

10

juggernaut

(n.) a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path

11

lackadaisical

(adj.) lacking spirit or interest, halfhearted
Synonyms: listless, indolent, indifferent, lax
Antonyms: energetic, vigorous, wholehearted

12

litany

(n.) a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
Synonyms: rigmarole, catalog, megillah

13

macabre

(adj.) grisly, gruesome; horrible, distressing; having death as a subject
Synonyms: grotesque, grim, ghoulish

14

paucity

(n.) an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
Synonym: lack
Antonyms: abundance, glut, plenitude, deluge

15

portend

(v.) to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen; to give advance warning of
Synonyms: bode, foretell, foreshadow, suggest

16

raze

(v.) to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off or out
Synonyms: pull down, demolish, shave off
Antonyms: build, construct, raise, erect

17

recant

(v.) to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previously been committed, renounce, retract
Synonyms: repudiate, disavow
Antonyms: reaffirm, reassert

18

saturate

(v.) to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
Synonyms: permeate, drench, flood, imbue
Antonyms: drain

19

saturnine

(adj.) of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood
Synonyms: sullen, morose
Antonyms: lighthearted, cheerful, vivacious

20

slough

(v.) to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud; (n.) a mire; a state of depression
Synonyms: (v.) shed, slog
Antonyms: (v.) take on, acquire, assume