Unit 11 Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary (Grade 11) > Unit 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 11 Deck (20):
1

abrogate

(v.) to repeal, cancel, declare null and void
Synonyms: annul, revoke
Antonyms: reaffirm, renew, ratify

2

ambient

(adj.) completely surrounding, encompassing

3

asperity

(n.) roughness, severity; bitterness or tartness
Synonyms: rigor, harshness
Antonyms: mildness, blandness, softness, lenience

4

burnish

(v.) to make smooth or glossy by rubbing, polish; (n.) gloss, brightness, luster
Synonyms: shine, buff
Antonyms: tarnish, dull, abrade

5

cabal

(n.) a small group working in secret
Synonyms: clique, ring, gang, plot, conspiracy

6

delectable

(adj.) delightful, highly enjoyable,; deliciously flavored, savory; (n.) an appealing or appetizing food
Synonyms: delicious, scrumptious
Antonyms: repugnant, repulsive, distasteful

7

deprecate

(v.) to express mild disapproval; to belittle
Synonyms: deplore, frown upon
Antonyms: smile on, countenance, approve

8

detritus

(n.) loose bits and pieces of material resulting from disintegration or wearing away; fragments that result from any destruction
Synonyms: debris, wreckage, ruins, rubble

9

ebullient

(adj.) overflowing with enthusiasm and excitement; boiling, bubbling
Synonyms: exhilarated, elated, exuberant
Antonyms: gloomy, morose, sullen, apathetic, blasé

10

eclectic

(adj.) drawn from different sources; (n.) one whose beliefs are drawn from various sources
Synonyms: selective, synthetic, pick-and-choose
Antonyms: uniform, monolithic

11

flaccid

(adj.) limp, not firm; lacking vigor or effectiveness
Synonyms: soft, flabby
Antonyms: hard, firm, solid

12

impecunious

(adj.) having little or no money
Synonyms: penniless, impoverished, indigent
Antonyms: affluent, wealthy, prosperous, rich

13

inexorable

(adj.) inflexible, beyond influence; relentless, unyielding
Synonyms: inescapable, ineluctable, obdurate
Antonyms: avoidable, yielding, pliant

14

moribund

(adj.) dying, on the way out
Synonym: obsolescent
Antonyms: flourishing, thriving

15

necromancer

(n.) one who claims to reveal or influence the future through magic
Synonyms: sorcerer, conjurer

16

onerous

(adj.) burdensome; involving hardship or difficulty
Synonyms: oppressive, weighty
Antonyms: light, easy, undemanding, untaxing

17

rife

(adj.) common, prevalent, widespread, happening often; full, abounding; plentiful, abundant
Antonyms: devoid of, lacking

18

rudiments

(n.) the parts of any subject that are learned first; the earliest stages of anything
Synonyms: fundamentals, basics

19

sequester

(v.) to set apart, separate for a special purpose; to take possession of and hold in custody
Synonyms: seclude, segregate, isolate, closet

20

winnow

(v.) to get rid of something unwanted, delete; to sift through to obtain what is desirable; to blow on, fan
Synonyms: sift, strain, filter, sort