Military Operations Flashcards Preview

CKT2 > Military Operations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Military Operations Deck (24):

What is ALTRV?

• Altitude reservation is airspace utilization under prescribed
conditions, normally employed for the mass movement of aircraft
under special user requirements that cannot otherwise be
• ALTRVs are approved by the appropriate ATC facility
• Shall receive special handling for FAA facilities


ATC facilities shall provide inflight separation unless ____is
applicable. Define.

• MARSA- military assumes responsibility for separation of aircraft
• Is covered in LOA appropriate FAA/military document
• Will NOT be indiscriminately invoked by individual units or pilots
• ATC does not invoke or deny MARSA
• DOD is responsible for coordination with SUA and ATCAA
involving MARSA
• ATC is not responsible for determining which aircraft are
authorized to enter SUA/ATCAA


When is MARSA discontinued?

When aircraft advise they are separated and ATC advises
MARSA is terminated


Define SUA

Special use airspace is airspace of defined dimensions identified
by an area on the surface of the earth wherein activities must be
confined because of their nature and or wherein limitations may
be imposed upon aircraft operations that are not part of those


Define Alert Area.

Airspace that may contain a high volume of pilot training
activities or an unusual type of aerial activity, neither of which is
hazardous to aircraft. Alert Areas are depicted on aeronautical
charts for the information of nonparticipating pilots. All activities
within an alert area are conducted in accordance with FARs and
pilots of participating aircraft as well as pilots transitioning the
area are equally responsible for collision avoidance


Define Controlled Firing Area.

Airspace wherein activities are conducted under conditions so
controlled as to eliminate hazard to nonparticipating aircraft and
to ensure the safety of persons and property on the ground


Define MOA.

A military operations area is airspace established outside of a
class A airspace area to separate or segregate certain
nonhazardous military activities from IFR traffic and to identify for
VFR traffic where these activities are conducted (can but up to
but not including FL180, may be in any type of airspace except
class A)


Define Prohibited Airspace.

Airspace delegated under FAR Part 73 within which no person
may operate an aircraft without permission of the using agency


Define Restricted Area.

Airspace designated under FAR Part 73 within which the flight of
aircraft, while not wholly prohibited, is subject to restriction. Most
restricted areas are designated joint use, and IFR/VFR
operations in the area may be authorized by the controlling ATC
facility with is it not being utilized by the using agency. Restricted
areas are depicted on the en route charts. Where joint use is
authorized, the name of the ATC controlling facility is also shown


Define Warning Area.

Airspace of defined dimensions, extending from 3 NM outward
from the coast of the US, that contains activity that may be
hazardous to nonparticipating aircraft. The purpose of such a
warning area is to warn nonparticipating pilots of the potential
danger. A warning area may be located over domestic or
international waters or both


Define ATCAA.

• ATC Assigned Airspace is airspace defined vertical/lateral limits
assigned by ATC for the purpose of providing air traffic
segregation between the specified activities being conducted
within the assigned airspace and other IFR air traffic
• Normally overlies other published SUA such as a MOA and
contains altitudes at or above FL180 within class A airspace.
This allows air traffic control facilities to protect all other aircraft
on IFR flight plans from activities within ATCAA


Why do SUA and ATC Assigned Airspace exist?

To separate military training activities from nonparticipating


Apply the appropriate separation minima between nonparticipating
aircraft and SUA and ATCAA unless:

• Pilot informs you that permission has been obtained for using
agency to operate in the airspace
• Using agency informs you that they have given permission for
the aircraft to operate in the airspace
• It has been released to the controlling agency
• The aircraft is on an approved ALTRV, unless airspace is an
• *these procedures do not apply to Alert Areas or Controlled
Firing Areas


How is SUA defined?

• Vertical limits in MSL (unless otherwise indicated “to” means to
and including)
• Horizontal limits are defined by geographical coordinates or
other appropriate reference that clearly describe their boundary


How are aircraft separated from active SUA an ATCAA?

• FL290 and below- 500ft
• Above FL290- 1,000 ft
• FL600 and above- 6 miles
• Below FL600- 3 miles
• *not required for Prohibited/Restricted/warning areas not
involving aircraft operations, vector to avoid


What does the word “to” mean when referring to an altitude or flight

Up to and including


Define aerial refueling.

A procedure used by the military to transfer fuel from one aircraft
to another during flight


Define Military Training Route.

• MTR is airspace of defined vertical and lateral dimensions
established for the conduct of military flight training at airspeeds
in excess of 250 kts IAS
o IFR Military Training Route- (IR) is a route used by the DOD
and associated Reserve and Air Guard units for the
purpose of conducting low altitude navigation and tactical
training in both IFR and VFR conditions below 10,000 ft
MLS at airspeeds in excess of 250 kts IAS
o VFR Military Training Route- (VR) a route used by the DOD
and associated Reserve and Air Guard units for the
purpose of conducting low altitude navigation and tactical
training under VFR conditions below 10,000 ft MLS at
airspeeds in excess of 250 kts IAS
• All route are one way only (IR177, VR265)


Define Celestial Navigation.

The art and science of finding one’s geographic position by
means of astronomical observations, particularly by measuring
altitudes of celestial objects-sun moon planets or stars. During
CELNAV, the pilot will advise ATC before initiating and heading
changes which exceed 20 degrees


Define Formation Flight.

Consists of more than one aircraft which, by prior arrangement
between pilots, operate as a single aircraft with regard to
navigation and position reporting


Define Stand Formation Flight.

Each wingman will maintain a position no more than 1 mile
laterally or longitudinally within 100 feet vertically from the flight


Define Non Standard Formation Flight.

• The flight leader has requested and ATC has approved formation
dimensions other than standard, or
• The formation is operating on an approved ALTRV or under the
provisions of a LOA, or
• The formation is operating in airspace specifically designated for
special activity


Separation requirements for formation flights.

• Standard formation add 1 mile
• Two standard formations add 2 miles
• Nonstandard formation apply appropriate separation minima to
perimeters of nonstandard formation (assign an appropriate
beacon code to each aircraft or lead and trail aircraft)


What information must be forwarded to FSS from airborne military

• IFR flight plans
• Changes from VFR to IFR flight plans
• Changes to IFR flight plans such as a change in fuel exhaustion
time or a change in destination
o Aircraft ID/type
o Departure point
o Original destination
o Position and time
o New destination
o Remarks including fuel exhaustion time
o Revised ETA