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Flashcards in MODELS OF HEALTH Deck (12)
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1

WHAT DOES THE BIOMEDICAL MODEL OF HEALTH FOCUS ON

The biological determinants. The diagonsis and treatment of illness.

2

WHAT DOES THE SOCIAL MODEL OF HEALTH FOCUS ON

The broader determinants. Educating to prevention the illness from occuring.

3

WHAT ARE THE 5 PRINCIPLES OF THE SOCIAL MODEL OF HEALTH

Involves intersectorial collaboration
Addresses the broader determinants of health
Empowers individuals and communities
Acts to increase access to health care
Acts to reduce social inequalities

4

DEFINE HEALTH PROMOTION

Enabling people to take control over, and improve their health

5

WHY WAS THE OTTAWA CHARTER DEVELOPED

To provide the framework for health promotion as none existed previously.

6

NAME AND EXPLAIN THE 3 STRATEGIES THE OTTAWA CHARTER IS BASED AROUND

Mediate - works with groups to ensure the greatest health achievements can be made
Advocate - Raise awearness about themselves and simular groups and their aims
Enable - Aims to provide people with the knowledge and skills required to take control over and improve their health

7

NAME AND EXPLAIN THE 5 PRIORITY/ACTION AREAS FOR THE OTTAWA CHARTER

Build health public policy
Create supportive environmnets
Strengthen community action
Develop personal skills
Reorient health services

8

PROS OF THE BIOMEDICAL MODEL

Quick and easy
Can treat/manage most diseases
Allows for technical advances
Improves quality of life
Lengthens life expectancy

9

CONS OF THE BIOMEDICAL MODEL

Can be costly as it relies on funding for machines, training and workers etc.
Can be expensive for the patient and therefore less accessible
Not every condition can be treated
Doesn't promote good health

10

PROS OF THE SOCIAL MODEL

Address the broader determinants and therefore reduces the incidence of more than one disease
Easily accessed
Cheap

11

CONS OF THE SOCIAL MODEL

Takes time to be effictive/show results
Can be frustrating, contributing to intangible costs
Cant be used on every disease

12

NAME 2 SOCIAL MODEL OF HEALTH, HEALTH PROMOTION PROGRAMS

The SunSmart program
Breastscreen Australia
Quit
Closing the Gap campgain