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Flashcards in Module 10 Deck (48)
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0

What is the definition of a spinal cord injury?

Usually begins with a sudden traumatic blow to the spine that fractures or dislocates vertebrae and destroys axons

1

What is the mean age of onset of SCIs?

33

2

What is the gender influence of SCIs?

Males 4:1

3

What is the prevalence of SCIs?

270,000

4

What is the incidence rate of SCIs?

12,000

5

What is the percent of SCIs due to MVA?

39.2%

6

What is the percent of SCIs due to falls?

28.3%

7

What is the percent of SCIs due to violence?

14.6%

8

What is the percent of SCIs due to sports?

8.2%

9

What is the percent of SCIs due to other/unknown causes?

9.7%

10

What a the diagnostic procedures for SCIs?

X-ray
Computerized tomography (CT)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

11

What's the treatment of SCIs?

Stabilization- preventing further injury
Fixation- fuse, rods, halo, replace bone, collars, LSOs
Rehabilitation- upright tolerance, bed mobility, other basics
Functional recovery-house
Community re-entry

12

What level of the vertebrae is required for independence?

C7

13

At what level of injury in the vertebrae is there problems breathing and need a ventilator?

C4 and up

14

What is associated with C5 in the neurological classification of SCI?

Elbow flexors

15

What is associated with C6 of the neurological classification of SCIs?

Wrist extensors

16

What is associated with C7 in the neurological classification of SCIs?

Elbow extensors

17

What is associated with C8 in the neurological classification of SCIs?

Finger flexors

18

What is associated with T1 in the neurological classification of SCIs?

Finger abductors

19

What is associated with L2 in the neurological classification of SCIs?

Hip flexors

20

What is associated with L3 in the neurological classification of SCIs?

Knee extensors

21

What is associated with L4 in the neurological classification of SCIs?

Ankle dorsiflexors

22

What is associated with L5 in the neurological classification of SCIs?

Long toe extensors

23

What is associated with S1 in the neurological classification of SCIs?

Ankle plantar flexors

24

What does ASIA stand for?

American spinal injury association

25

What is the classification of ASIA A?

Complete- no sensory or motor function preserved in sacral segments S4-S5

26

What is the classification of ASIA B?

Incomplete- sensory but not motor function preserved below neurological level and includes sacral segments S4-S5

27

What is the classification of ASIA C?

Motor function is preserved below neurological level, and more than half of key muscles below neurological level have a muscle grade less than three

28

What is the classification of ASIA D?

Incomplete- motor function is preserved below neurological level, and at least half of key muscles below neurological levels have a muscle grade greater than or equal to 3

29

What is the classification of ASIA E?

Sensory and motor function is normal.