Flashcards in Module 18- Blood Disorder part 2 Deck (58)
What is the most common genetic disorder of the blood?
Sickle Cell Disease
Sickle Cell Disease is a ________ form of hemolytic anemia?
What ethnicities are primarily affected by sickle cell disease?
What test is done to see if you are a sickle cell carrier?
Signs and symptoms of sickle cell disease start appearing within the first ______mo with ____ and _____ observed?
Sickle cell disease is due to ______ hemoglobin
In sickle cell disease fluid ______ results and blood _____ occurs?
Due to blood viscosity and blood stasis _____ and ______ can result?
A hematocrit score for a sicle cell pt. can range between ____ and ___%
Normal life span of RBC?
Life span of a sickle cell RBC?
Which form of sickle cell disease do children and adolescence have?
Sickle Cell Crisis
What do we as clinicians do if someone experiences a sickle cell crisis?
call med services
What is the major organ affected in sickle cell disease?
What procedure may provide a cure for young patients with symptomatic sickle cell disease?
allogeneic stem-cell transplant
What do sickle cell pts. take daily until age 6 to prevent infection
You could use a chemotherapy med called ___ to increase ______ thereby decreasing the permanent formation of sickle cells?
There is a decreased ______ and an increased _____ seen radiographically with Sickle Cell Disease?
Sickle Cell Disease can present radiographically as a _____ trabecular pattern appearing as "____ _____" rows with large _____ spaces?
Sickle Cell pts. will have a generalized ______ of the oral tissues?
______ ______ of the mouth can lead to a sickle cell crisis
Do we use epi in LA on sickle cell pts.?
Can we use nitrous on sickle cell pts?
yes with oxygen greater than 50%
What does polycythemia mean?
increase in number and concentration of RBC above normal
Hemoglobin and Hematocrit are increased to more than ____% in polycythemias?
What are the 3 general categories of polycythemia?
In relative polycythemia we loose ____ which leads to a corresponding loss of ____
What can cause relative polycythemia (fluid loss)
In relative polycythemia the ______ of cells increases due to?
loss of plasma level