Module 10- Elderly Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 10- Elderly Deck (38):
1

Primary aging deals with _______ aging that is ________

physiologic
unavoidable

2

Secondary aging deals with ______ aging

pathologic (due to external influences)

3

Bone volume changes after the age of ____

40

4

Loss of muscle function deals with loss of ____ and diminished ____

strength
response speed

5

What is the number 1 cause of death in the elderly?

cardiovascular problems

6

Elderly see a decrease in cardiac ___ and an increase in size of _____ ventricle

output
L

7

Your ____ ______ of respiratory system diminishes with age

vital capacity

8

Elderly patients are more susceptible for infections due to less effective _____ reflex

cough

9

Nutrition and medications can be affected in elderly due to?

decreased absorptive functions

10

_______ memory declines with age while _______ memory stays constant?

short term
long term

11

Elderly people are at risk for falls due to a decrese in __________

proprioception

12

What is a term for farshightedness?

presbyopia

13

What is a term for hearting loss?

presbycusis

14

What contributes to hearing loss in elderly?

thicker and dryer wax buildup

15

What is the term for a ringing in ears?

tinnitus

16

Elderly have a decreased ability to hear what pitch?

high

17

_________ is common in individuals older than age 60. This disease involves loss of meneral content and bone mass?

osteoporosis

18

Elderly Women are at risk for osteoporosis due to depletion of __________?

estrogen

19

___________ deficiency or defective absorption of _______ are common causes of osteoporosis

calcium
calcium

20

What two ethnicitis have higher risk of osteoporosis?

white
asian

21

What are 3 common clnical symptoms of osteoporosis?

backache
fractures (hip)
mandibular bone changes

22

Medications for osteoporosis decrease ________ or increase ________ or both

bone resoprption
bone formation

23

Succesful treatment and prevention of osteoporosis requires simultaneous intake of __________ and ______

calcium
vitamin D

24

What osteoporosis medication stimulates BONE FORMATION

PTH parathyroid hormone

25

A patient taking __________ for osteoporosis is a contraindication for dental surgery

bisphosphenates

26

__________ is a nonreversible type of dementia

Alzheimers

27

What are the two types of Alzheimers and which one is most common?

early onset (30-40 yr olds)
late onset (>65 yrs old)
Late Onset

28

The average duration of symptoms of alzheimers to death is?

8-10 yrs

29

There are _ stages of alzheimers?

7

30

Is there treatment to prevent or cure Alzheimers?

NO

31

Elderly people sometimes have dry "______ _____" openings as a result of _____

purse string
dehydration/ loss of elasticity

32

T/F angular cheilitis is specifically an age related lesion

F

33

The tissues of the oral mucosa become _____ and may experience___________ due to irritation from broken teeth, dentures etc.

thinner (atrophy)
hyperkeratosis

34

The taste perception of ________ declines with age

salt

35

Burning Tongue of ________ ______ is common in elderly because of a ________ deficiency?

Atorphic glossitis
iron (anemia)

36

What can help increase taste perception for patients with prosthesis?

tongue cleaners

37

Cementum in the elderly ______ in thickness?

increases

38

What gingival problem is commonly seen in elderly?

recession