Module 11- Evidence Based Research Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 11- Evidence Based Research Deck (43):
1

What is the purpose of Evidence-Based Research?

to answer clinical questions quickly and efficiently

2

Evidence-based dentistry is a formalized approach to ______ ________ where we use _______ evidence to make decisions about ________

clinic care
scientific
clinical treatment

3

What are the 2 fundamental principles of evidence-based practice?

evidence alone isn't sufficient
a hierarch of evidence guides decision making

4

What is step 1 in the scientific method?

Determine clinical issue

5

What is step 2 in the scientific method?

Develop research question

6

What is step 3 in the scientific method?

Search for evidence: Literature review

7

What is step 4 in the scientific method?

Analyze evidence

8

What is step 5 in the scientific method?

Apply evidence

9

wWhat is step 6 in the scientific method?

Evaluate outcomes

10

In order to determine the clinical issue of the patient you need to?

ask the right questions

11

What are the 4 parts of a good researchable question?

P- Pt. problem or population
I- Intervention
C- Comparison
O- Outcome

12

P in PICO stands for ________________ and has to do with the most important ________ of the pt. or population?

PT. problem or population problem
characteristics

13

I- in PICO stands for __________ and has to do with what __________ ?

Intervention
are YOU going to do

14

C in PICO stands for ___________ and deals with?

Comparison
Comparing different methods that have been done before

15

O in PICO stands for ___________ and deals with?

Outcome
Hypothesis You expect to see

16

You have to analyze the evidence to found in order to test the _________ of the information?

validity- closeness to the truth/how valid they are to answering your question

17

_______ are only good as background resources because they get outdated quickly

textbooks

18

What type of articles are the best to use?

Scholarly Peer Reviewed Journals

19

What are the 2 types of research approaches?

Qualitative
Quantitative

20

Quantitative results are reported in ________

numbers

21

Qualtitative results are reported in _______

narrative form

22

What research type asks "how often", "to what extent" something occurs?

Descriptive

23

Descriptive research helps identify ________ that can be further explored

relationships

24

What type of research looks at the relationship between two or more variables

Correlational

25

What type of research looks at "does A cause B" and has manipulated variables?

Experimental

26

What is the highest level of research evidence used

Meta-analysis and Systematic Reviews

27

What is the most rigourous clinical study performed

Randomized Controlled Double-Blind

28

What is the lowest level of research evidence used?

Animal and in vitro research

29

The ________ group of an experimental study recieves the treatment while the ________ group doesn't?

experimental
control

30

What provdes a theoretical foundation for applied research?

basic research

31

Basic research doesn't give regard to ______ but is research for the sake of ________

application
knowledge

32

_________ statistics deals with the mean, median, mode etc.

Inferrential

33

Mean is calculated how?

add up all numbers and divide by number of numbers/participants

34

Median is calculated how?

middle number
* have to place numbers in value order

35

Mode is calculated how?

finding which number/value occurs most often

36

Define a null hypothesis

no statistical difference between items

37

A __________ hypothesis states an opinion or prediction of theresearcher.
ie: A will be better than B

positive

38

The _______ _____ informs the researcher as to the validity of the hypothesis?

Statistical Significance

39

The p-value is what?

statistical significance

40

If p > .05 you should _______ the hypothesis

reject

41

"N' represents the ____ _______ while "n" reprents the _________

entire population
sample of the entire population

42

R values represent?

coefficient of correlation

43

ANOVA stands for

analysis of Variance