Flashcards in Module 11- Evidence Based Research Deck (43):
What is the purpose of Evidence-Based Research?
to answer clinical questions quickly and efficiently
Evidence-based dentistry is a formalized approach to ______ ________ where we use _______ evidence to make decisions about ________
What are the 2 fundamental principles of evidence-based practice?
evidence alone isn't sufficient
a hierarch of evidence guides decision making
What is step 1 in the scientific method?
Determine clinical issue
What is step 2 in the scientific method?
Develop research question
What is step 3 in the scientific method?
Search for evidence: Literature review
What is step 4 in the scientific method?
What is step 5 in the scientific method?
wWhat is step 6 in the scientific method?
In order to determine the clinical issue of the patient you need to?
ask the right questions
What are the 4 parts of a good researchable question?
P- Pt. problem or population
P in PICO stands for ________________ and has to do with the most important ________ of the pt. or population?
PT. problem or population problem
I- in PICO stands for __________ and has to do with what __________ ?
are YOU going to do
C in PICO stands for ___________ and deals with?
Comparing different methods that have been done before
O in PICO stands for ___________ and deals with?
Hypothesis You expect to see
You have to analyze the evidence to found in order to test the _________ of the information?
validity- closeness to the truth/how valid they are to answering your question
_______ are only good as background resources because they get outdated quickly
What type of articles are the best to use?
Scholarly Peer Reviewed Journals
What are the 2 types of research approaches?
Quantitative results are reported in ________
Qualtitative results are reported in _______
What research type asks "how often", "to what extent" something occurs?
Descriptive research helps identify ________ that can be further explored
What type of research looks at the relationship between two or more variables
What type of research looks at "does A cause B" and has manipulated variables?
What is the highest level of research evidence used
Meta-analysis and Systematic Reviews
What is the most rigourous clinical study performed
Randomized Controlled Double-Blind
What is the lowest level of research evidence used?
Animal and in vitro research
The ________ group of an experimental study recieves the treatment while the ________ group doesn't?
What provdes a theoretical foundation for applied research?
Basic research doesn't give regard to ______ but is research for the sake of ________
_________ statistics deals with the mean, median, mode etc.
Mean is calculated how?
add up all numbers and divide by number of numbers/participants
Median is calculated how?
* have to place numbers in value order
Mode is calculated how?
finding which number/value occurs most often
Define a null hypothesis
no statistical difference between items
A __________ hypothesis states an opinion or prediction of theresearcher.
ie: A will be better than B
The _______ _____ informs the researcher as to the validity of the hypothesis?
The p-value is what?
If p > .05 you should _______ the hypothesis
"N' represents the ____ _______ while "n" reprents the _________
sample of the entire population
R values represent?
coefficient of correlation