Module 12- Diabetic Pt. Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 12- Diabetic Pt. Deck (46):
1

Diabetes Mellitus is a group of ______ characterized by _______

Diseases
Hyperglycemia

2

Hyperglycemia is due to?

Insulin deficiency or resistance

3

____% of population has diabetes

8

4

Insulin is produced by?

Beta cell of pancreas

5

Low insulin = ______ blood sugar

High

6

Normal blood glucose levels in healthy people

60-150 mg/dl

7

Insulin facilitates glucose _____

Uptake

8

Insulin speeds up _____ of glucose and conversion of glucose to ____

Oxidation
Glycogen

9

Type 1 diabetes is due to insulin _____

Decreased production

10

A person with type ____ diabetes will have glycosuria

1

11

Glycosuria causes _______

Polyuria (osmotic diuresis)

12

Polyuria causes

Polydipsia

13

When cells are starving for glucose it sends a signal to eat more food which is called

Polyphagia

14

If the body doesn't use glucose for energy it has to use _____ which causes _____

Fat
Ketone buildup (metabolic acidosis)

15

What leads to a diabetic coma

Metabolic acidosis or ketone buildup in blood

16

Type 2 diabetes deals with an insulin _____

Resistance or decreased action

17

T/F insulin production and secretion remain normal in type 2 diabetes

T

18

What is the main problem in type 2 diabetes

Insulin receptor defects

19

________is termed insulin shock

Hypoglycemia

20

Hypoglycemia is _______insulin

Too much

21

Hyperglycemia is _____insulin and is termed?

Too little
Ketoacidosis (diabetic coma)

22

The loss of beta cells is due to _____ or _______

Autoimmune reaction
Unknown/unclear environmental reasons

23

Which type of diabetes HAS TO take insulin

1

24

Type 1 diabetes accounts for ____-_____# of total cases

5-10

25

Insulin resistance means

Peripheral tissues can't respond to insulin

26

Gestational diabetes is usually in what trimester

3

27

Infants are ____ there are ____ premi babies
If the mom has gestational diabetes

Bigger
More

28

What are 3 hormones that can cause diabetes

Hgh
Cortisol
Epinephrine

29

T/F chemicals can cause diabetes

F -they can impair insulin secretion, destroy beta cells

30

To diagnose diabetes the A1c has to be >/= ______

6.5

31

Fasting is no calories for how long

8 hrs

32

Patients with diabetes are more susceptible to ____and poor ___ ____

Infections
Wound healing

33

Diabetics can have ____ _____ which causes a lack of feeling and causes amputations due to lack of feeling pain

Peripheral neuropathy

34

Diabetes is the leading cause of_____ disease and ______

Renal
blindness

35

Diabetic pts have what problems with their eyes

Cataracts
Glaucoma

36

Many cases of type 2 diabetes can be controlled with what 2 things

Weight loss
Exercise

37

What are 4 types of insulin

Short
Rapid
Intermediate
Long

38

The types of insulin are based on ____, ____, and _______ of action

Onset
Peak
Duration

39

What are some factors affecting the need for insulin

Food intake amount
Illness
Stress
Infections
Exercise

40

What are the 3 areas a subcutaneous injection are given

Thigh
Stomach
Upper arm

41

Insulin pumps may increase risk of?

Hypoglycemia

42

What type of insulin method is short acting and is considered a "mealtime" insulin

Inhaler insulin

43

Perio infections can increase insulin _____

Resistance

44

Diabetes is a ____, _____, and ____ factor for disease

Accelerating
Conditioning
Modifying

45

Perio tx and reduction of perio inflammation reduces levels of _____ _____ which improves glycemic control

Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c)

46

Appointment planning for a diabetic pt involves ______ prevention

Stress