Flashcards in Module 15- Respiratory Problems Deck (45)
What is more common: upper or lower respiratory disorders?
Upper respiratory disorders are cause by?
infections or allergens
An example of an upper respiratory disorder would be?
Upper respiratory disorders affect what 4 structures?
Lower respiratory disorders affect what 2 structures?
Examples of lower respiratory disorders are?
What type of microorganism causes pneumonia most often?
What is the term for a fungal pneumonia?
What type of patients are likely to get a fungal pneumonia?
CAP stands for?
community acquired pneumonia
HCAP stands for?
HCAP occurs ____ - ______ after hospital admission
HCAP is the main cause of _____ in hospitalized patients?
Bacteria in _____ _____ can serve as a reservoir for lung infections?
What is the treatment for fungal pneumonia?
What is the cause of TB?
rod shaped mycobacterium tuberculosis
Where does TB infection begin?
alveoli of lungs
TB survives best in a _____ oxygen environment?
The immune response to TB will limit further growth after how long?
Approximately _____-____% of people with latent TB and NOT treated will develop TB disease?
What are the 2 tests for TB
TST - tb skin test
IGBA- Interferon -gamma release assay (blood test)
Dental Treatment is permitted on a TB patient when?
patient is free of active disease
Asthma is a ___ respiratory disorder?
What is the most common type of asthma?
An allergic stimulus leads to activation of airway ______ _____ cells?
Atopic or Allergic Asthma is one type of immunoglobulin _____ mediated reaction?
Immunoglobulin _____ provides the primary defense against environmental allergens?
What are the 3 steps in how allergens trigger asthma?
IgE attaches to Mast Cells
Allergen attaches to IgE
Mast Cell releases asthma mediators
If an allergen attaches to mast cells THROUGHOUT the body we have a _____ anaphylaxis?