Flashcards in Module 15- Respiratory Problems Deck (45):
What is more common: upper or lower respiratory disorders?
Upper respiratory disorders are cause by?
infections or allergens
An example of an upper respiratory disorder would be?
Upper respiratory disorders affect what 4 structures?
Lower respiratory disorders affect what 2 structures?
Examples of lower respiratory disorders are?
What type of microorganism causes pneumonia most often?
What is the term for a fungal pneumonia?
What type of patients are likely to get a fungal pneumonia?
CAP stands for?
community acquired pneumonia
HCAP stands for?
HCAP occurs ____ - ______ after hospital admission
HCAP is the main cause of _____ in hospitalized patients?
Bacteria in _____ _____ can serve as a reservoir for lung infections?
What is the treatment for fungal pneumonia?
What is the cause of TB?
rod shaped mycobacterium tuberculosis
Where does TB infection begin?
alveoli of lungs
TB survives best in a _____ oxygen environment?
The immune response to TB will limit further growth after how long?
Approximately _____-____% of people with latent TB and NOT treated will develop TB disease?
What are the 2 tests for TB
TST - tb skin test
IGBA- Interferon -gamma release assay (blood test)
Dental Treatment is permitted on a TB patient when?
patient is free of active disease
Asthma is a ___ respiratory disorder?
What is the most common type of asthma?
An allergic stimulus leads to activation of airway ______ _____ cells?
Atopic or Allergic Asthma is one type of immunoglobulin _____ mediated reaction?
Immunoglobulin _____ provides the primary defense against environmental allergens?
What are the 3 steps in how allergens trigger asthma?
IgE attaches to Mast Cells
Allergen attaches to IgE
Mast Cell releases asthma mediators
If an allergen attaches to mast cells THROUGHOUT the body we have a _____ anaphylaxis?
What are the NAEPP 4 levels of severity and frequency of asthma?
What are the 2 types of medications for asthma?
What are 3 common medications that are asthma attack triggers we should stay away from using in the dental office?
Sulfite-containing anesthetics like epi
Beta-2 agonist asthma inhalers decrease ______ and _____?
What are the 2 diseases of COPD?
chronic bronchitis and emphysema
What is the primary etiology of COPD?
inhaling tobacco smoke (80-90% mortality)
Chronic Bronchitis is a cough with expectoration for at least how many months out of a year?
Emphysema patients have a hard time breathing?
Bronchitis patients have a hard time breathing ?
in and out
The term "______ _____' is representative of a person with chronic bronchitis?
Emphysema is a _____ or _____ of the air spaces distal to the ____ _______
A person with emphysema has a ______/_____ cough?
The term "_____ ______" is used to describe a person with emphysema?
You should put the chair in the _____ or ______ position for a patient with COPD
Cystic Fibrosis is an autosomal ______ disorder. This means?
both parents must have it or be carriers