Flashcards in Module 2 (Part 3) Deck (45):
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Responsible for setting safety and health standards in teh workplace
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Technical bulletins that describe how to use, handle, and dispose of specific chemical hazards
Building environmental networks and communities of practice by stakeholders of the airport
What are some advantages of Sustainable Development?
Management strategy that sustains long-term tactics; proactive approach to environmental approach; reduces the airport's carbon foot print
Clean Airport Initiative
Allows an airport to be accredited as a "green airport," and is offered by the Clean Airport Partnership, Inc.
Relates to the effects of wildlife on airports and the effects of aircraft noise on migrating and nesting patterns
Process that verifies whether or not a building or other infrastructure meets stringent environmentally safe building and related performance measures
Who administers LEED certification?
Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI)
What qualifications must buildings meet to be LEED Certified?
Lower operating costs and increased asset value; reducing waste sent to landfills; conserving energy and water; being healthier and safer for occupants; reducing harmful greenhouse gas emissions; qualifying for tax rebates, zoning allowance; demonstration of the owner's commitment to environmental stewardship and social responsibility
What ratings are offered under LEED and what are their corresponding points?
Certified: 40-49; Silver: 50-59; Gold: 60-79; Platinum 80+
Airport capacity is defined as:
the ability of a portion of airspace or an airport to handle a given volume of traffic (demand) within a specified period
The rate at which aircraft can operate without exceeding a maximum acceptable level of delay
The rate at which aircraft can operate into or out of the airfield without regard to the amount of delay occured
Practical Hourly Capacity (PHOCAP)
The total combined capacity measure of the runways, taxiways, and gate areas
Practical Annual Capacity (PANCAP)
The level of operation that results in not more than 4 minutes average delay per aicraft
Airport Acceptance Rate (AAR)
Used by ARTCCs to calculate the desired interval between successive arrival aircraft and is a measure of practical capacity
Capacity that is a major concern to the airlines because of the impact it has on their net profits. This is affected by gate type, size, mix, and occupancy time
What are some factors that increase/reduce delay?
Airfield characteristics, airspace characteristics, ATC, meteorological conditions, demand characterstics
Ground Delay Programs
Used when arrival traffic is expected to approach capacity at an airport and holds traffic at the departure airport
Match the arrival of aircraft to the ability of the airport to handle the volume (known as acceptance rate)
An administrative method where an airport operator allocates or restricts airport access by setting quotas on passenger enplanement or on the number and type of aircraft operations permitted
Send GA traffic to reliever airports and redistributing commercial traffic from busy airports to underutilized airports
Using peak hour surcharges in an attempt to manage demand by charging cost-based landing fees
the authority of an aircraft to conduct an IFR operation at a high-density airport - a block of time allocated to an airport user to perform an aircraft operation
NEPA of 1969
Required assessment of noise effects for airports starting major projects
Courts have determined that who is responsible for airport noise?
The airport! Since they control the size, location, etc. the airport needs to protect the surrounding citzens
Aviation Noise Abatement Policy
Identifies responsibilities of FAA, air carriers, airport operators, local government and communities for dealing with aircraft noise
What does the FAA define sound as?
Sound that is unwanted - aircraft generally considered noise by most listeners and surrounding residents
Relative measure of sound measured in Pascals
Equal Energy Rule
Over a given period of time people respond most predictably to the total noise energy they receive rather than a single noise vent
24-hour sound level in A-weighted decibels from midnight to midnight; 10 dB added to sound levels between midnight and 7AM and 10AM; yearly DNL is the national metric for Part 150 studies
Noise Contours, Integrated Noise Model (INM)
Standard for noise prediction; assess changes in noise from new or extended runway, new traffic demand and fleet mixes, revised airspace structures, and operational flight proceduresf
Aviation Environmental Design Tool (AEDT)
Models aircraft performance, fuel consumption, emissions, noise, and air quality implications; full flight gate-to-gate analyses form single flights to global modeling levels
Airports are recommended by the FAA to own property within what noise contour?
75 DNL contour
FAR Part 150
The FAA's formal noise study program that is required to be completed to receive AIP funding
ANSA of 1979 required the FAA to establish what three requirements for noise compatibility planning and programs?
Single system for measuring noise at airports that can be uniformly applied; single measurement system for determining exposure to noise including intensity, duration, frequency, and time of the noise; identify compatible land uses given the noise meansured
Part 150 Process, Phase 1: Airport Noise Exposure Maps (NEMs)
Official noise contour maps for airports that must be formally accepted by the FAA to be used in an Airport Noise Compatibility Programs (NCPs)
Part 150 Process, Phase 2: Noise Compatibility Plan
Airports plan and measures taken to mitigate noise from the airport. Includes: land use management; buffer zones and property acquisition; use of zoning
FAA Order 5100.38: Airport Improvement Program Guide
Lists allowable costs for noise studies and mitigations under Part 150 - funding priority given to mitigations within 75 DNL contour
What are methods that can be taken to reduce noise?
Acquisition of Land and Interests in Land; Soundproofing; Preferential Runway Use System; Noise Barriers; Airport Development Measures; Airport Use Restrictions; Engine Run-Up and Ground Operation Provisions; Flight Procedures; Off-Airport Land Use Plans and Controls; Noise Monitoring; Administrative Measures and Studies; Navigational Aids
Advantages of conducting a Part 150 study
Public Relations; Intergovernmental Coordination; Airport Facilities Development; Improved Land Use Planning
Disadvantages of conducting a Part 150 study
Heightened Controversy; Unrealistic Expectations; Uncooperative Participants
Written order by the sponsor or airport executive that proposes change that is within the scope of the contract. Anything greater than 25% of the project cost requires a supplemental agreement
Separate contract that covers work that exceeds 25% of total labor cost or is outside the scope of the construction contract. Both parties must formally sign new contract.