Module 2 (Part 3) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 2 (Part 3) Deck (45):
1

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

Responsible for setting safety and health standards in teh workplace

2

Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

Technical bulletins that describe how to use, handle, and dispose of specific chemical hazards

3

Environmental Capacity

Building environmental networks and communities of practice by stakeholders of the airport

4

What are some advantages of Sustainable Development?

Management strategy that sustains long-term tactics; proactive approach to environmental approach; reduces the airport's carbon foot print

5

Clean Airport Initiative

Allows an airport to be accredited as a "green airport," and is offered by the Clean Airport Partnership, Inc.

6

Biodiversity

Relates to the effects of wildlife on airports and the effects of aircraft noise on migrating and nesting patterns

7

LEED Certification

Process that verifies whether or not a building or other infrastructure meets stringent environmentally safe building and related performance measures

8

Who administers LEED certification?

Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI)

9

What qualifications must buildings meet to be LEED Certified?

Lower operating costs and increased asset value; reducing waste sent to landfills; conserving energy and water; being healthier and safer for occupants; reducing harmful greenhouse gas emissions; qualifying for tax rebates, zoning allowance; demonstration of the owner's commitment to environmental stewardship and social responsibility

10

What ratings are offered under LEED and what are their corresponding points?

Certified: 40-49; Silver: 50-59; Gold: 60-79; Platinum 80+

11

Airport capacity is defined as:

the ability of a portion of airspace or an airport to handle a given volume of traffic (demand) within a specified period

12

Practical Capacity

The rate at which aircraft can operate without exceeding a maximum acceptable level of delay

13

Throughput Capacity

The rate at which aircraft can operate into or out of the airfield without regard to the amount of delay occured

14

Practical Hourly Capacity (PHOCAP)

The total combined capacity measure of the runways, taxiways, and gate areas

15

Practical Annual Capacity (PANCAP)

The level of operation that results in not more than 4 minutes average delay per aicraft

16

Airport Acceptance Rate (AAR)

Used by ARTCCs to calculate the desired interval between successive arrival aircraft and is a measure of practical capacity

17

Gate Capcity

Capacity that is a major concern to the airlines because of the impact it has on their net profits. This is affected by gate type, size, mix, and occupancy time

18

What are some factors that increase/reduce delay?

Airfield characteristics, airspace characteristics, ATC, meteorological conditions, demand characterstics

19

Ground Delay Programs

Used when arrival traffic is expected to approach capacity at an airport and holds traffic at the departure airport

20

Airport Metering

Match the arrival of aircraft to the ability of the airport to handle the volume (known as acceptance rate)

21

Slot Allocation

An administrative method where an airport operator allocates or restricts airport access by setting quotas on passenger enplanement or on the number and type of aircraft operations permitted

22

Divert

Send GA traffic to reliever airports and redistributing commercial traffic from busy airports to underutilized airports

23

Differential Pricing

Using peak hour surcharges in an attempt to manage demand by charging cost-based landing fees

24

Slot

the authority of an aircraft to conduct an IFR operation at a high-density airport - a block of time allocated to an airport user to perform an aircraft operation

25

NEPA of 1969

Required assessment of noise effects for airports starting major projects

26

Courts have determined that who is responsible for airport noise?

The airport! Since they control the size, location, etc. the airport needs to protect the surrounding citzens

27

Aviation Noise Abatement Policy

Identifies responsibilities of FAA, air carriers, airport operators, local government and communities for dealing with aircraft noise

28

What does the FAA define sound as?

Sound that is unwanted - aircraft generally considered noise by most listeners and surrounding residents

29

Decibel

Relative measure of sound measured in Pascals

30

Equal Energy Rule

Over a given period of time people respond most predictably to the total noise energy they receive rather than a single noise vent

31

Day/Night Average

24-hour sound level in A-weighted decibels from midnight to midnight; 10 dB added to sound levels between midnight and 7AM and 10AM; yearly DNL is the national metric for Part 150 studies

32

Noise Contours, Integrated Noise Model (INM)

Standard for noise prediction; assess changes in noise from new or extended runway, new traffic demand and fleet mixes, revised airspace structures, and operational flight proceduresf

33

Aviation Environmental Design Tool (AEDT)

Models aircraft performance, fuel consumption, emissions, noise, and air quality implications; full flight gate-to-gate analyses form single flights to global modeling levels

34

Airports are recommended by the FAA to own property within what noise contour?

75 DNL contour

35

FAR Part 150

The FAA's formal noise study program that is required to be completed to receive AIP funding

36

ANSA of 1979 required the FAA to establish what three requirements for noise compatibility planning and programs?

Single system for measuring noise at airports that can be uniformly applied; single measurement system for determining exposure to noise including intensity, duration, frequency, and time of the noise; identify compatible land uses given the noise meansured

37

Part 150 Process, Phase 1: Airport Noise Exposure Maps (NEMs)

Official noise contour maps for airports that must be formally accepted by the FAA to be used in an Airport Noise Compatibility Programs (NCPs)

38

Part 150 Process, Phase 2: Noise Compatibility Plan

Airports plan and measures taken to mitigate noise from the airport. Includes: land use management; buffer zones and property acquisition; use of zoning

39

FAA Order 5100.38: Airport Improvement Program Guide

Lists allowable costs for noise studies and mitigations under Part 150 - funding priority given to mitigations within 75 DNL contour

40

What are methods that can be taken to reduce noise?

Acquisition of Land and Interests in Land; Soundproofing; Preferential Runway Use System; Noise Barriers; Airport Development Measures; Airport Use Restrictions; Engine Run-Up and Ground Operation Provisions; Flight Procedures; Off-Airport Land Use Plans and Controls; Noise Monitoring; Administrative Measures and Studies; Navigational Aids

41

Advantages of conducting a Part 150 study

Public Relations; Intergovernmental Coordination; Airport Facilities Development; Improved Land Use Planning

42

Disadvantages of conducting a Part 150 study

Heightened Controversy; Unrealistic Expectations; Uncooperative Participants

43

Change Orders

Written order by the sponsor or airport executive that proposes change that is within the scope of the contract. Anything greater than 25% of the project cost requires a supplemental agreement

44

Supplemental Agreement

Separate contract that covers work that exceeds 25% of total labor cost or is outside the scope of the construction contract. Both parties must formally sign new contract.

45

As Constructed Plans

Depicts final construction after all change orders or supplemental agreements and must be submitted by the FAA