Flashcards in Module 3 (Part 1) Deck (56):
14 CFR Part 119 Certification
Air Carriers and Commercial Operators: identifies the requirements for aircraft operators engaged in commercial carriage (for hire) passengers/cargo
Direct Air Carrier
Certified domestic or foreign air carrier, air taxi operator, or commuter air carrier that directly engages in the operation of the aircraft under a certificate, permit, or exemption issued by the DOT
One-way or round-trip flight performed by one or more direct air carriers and sponsored by charter operator
Chain of Events
combination of a sequence of events that result in an accident
Helps manage safety risk through systematic procedures, practices, and policies; establishes processes to improve communication and minimize potential risks
What are the 4 elements of SMS
Safety Policy, Safety Risk Management, Safety Assurance, Safety Promotion
Safety Policy (SMS)
Communicates management's commitment to saftey and the assurance that safety is constantly being monitored and evaluated by all employees
Safety Risk Management (SMS)
How the org is going to identify, asses, mitigate, and track risk
Safety Assurance (SMS)
Internal and external audits and corrective actions that provide feedback on implemented risk mitigation strategies
Safety Promotion (SMS)
Creation of a "safety culture" that allows the SMS to suceed
Airport Certification Manual (ACM)
Regulations for a specific airport that is to be used as a reference document for airport personnel on maintaining a safe airports and complying with federal regulations (Required for certification under Part 139)
Who approves the ACM?
Airport operator level and FAA level
What happens after approval of the ACM by the FAA?
Issuance of the Airport Operating Certificate (AOC)
What are the key components of a self-inspection program?
Regularly scheduled inspection; continuous surveillance inspection; periodic condition inspection; special inspecition
Under Part 139 airports are required to keep and maintaining what kinds of records?
Training, inspection, condition, and incident and accident data
What kinds of employees are required to be employed at Part 139 airports?
Qualified Personnel - according to the FAA "Sufficiently Qualified Personnel" exist if all the requirements in the ACM are properly performed
Pat 139 requires airports to retain the regularly scheduled inspection checklist for how long?
12 consecutive calendar months (CCM)
What are the two types of paved areas on an airfield?
Flexible (asphalt) and Rigid (concrete)
How many years is pavement typically engineered to last with routine maintenance?
What are the two main types of pavement deterioration?
Environmental (weather, icing) and Structural (repeated traffic loads in the same area of the surface)
How can you determine if an aircraft can operate on a pavement
If the Aircraft Classification Number (ACN) is less than the Pavement Classification Number (PCN) the pavement has the bearing strength for the aircraft
What are safety areas designed to support?
Snow removal, aircraft rescue, fire fighting operations and includes runways/taxiways, shoulders, blast pads, and stopways
Where must a supplemental wind cone be visible from?
Prior to takeoff and on final approach
What does Phase 1 of a Snow and Ice Control Plan (SICP) include?
Addresses pre and post winter subjects that prepare the operator for the winter season
What does Phase 2 of a Snow and Ice Control Plan (SICP) include?
instructions and procedures that should be taken when dealing with winter storms and notifying users in a timely manner (NOTAMS)
Defintiion of Eutectic Temperature/Composition
De-icing chemical that melts ice by lowering the freezing point
Definition of Dry Snow
Insufficient free water to cause cohesion
Definition of Wet Snow
Precipitation that can be compacted into a solid snowball
Definition of Compacted Snow
Precipitation that breaks into lumps if picked up
Definition of Slush
Snow that has water content exceeding freely drained condition
Definition of Patchy Conditions
Areas of bare pavement showing through snow/ice
An airport should have sufficient equipment to clear how much snow?
One inch of snow weighing up to 25 lb/ft cubed within a reasonable time
What are some different types of Snow Removal Equipment (SRE)?
Displacement plows; rotary plows (snow blower), carrier vehicles, multi-function equipment; brooms; material spreaders; melters
What are two snow removal techniques?
Move snow to prevailing downwind side of the runway; snow fences are used to minimize snow accumulation around NAVAIDs
What is the difference between de-icing and anti-icing techniques ?
De-icing is reactive and is applied to the top of accumulation of snow or ice that is already bonded to the pavement whereas anti-icing is used to prevent the bonding of snow or ice to the pavement
Potassium acetate liquid (De-icing Compound)
Has a freezing point of -76 degrees F and is effective to -26 degrees F - recommended by the EPA as an alternative to glycol and urea
ARFF Index describes what?
The minimum level of response capability (number of vehicles, amount of firefighting agent, amount of water)
ARFF Index A
ARFF Index B
Aircraft length 90-126'
ARFF Index C
Aircraft length 126-159'
ARFF Index D
Aircraft length 159-200'
ARFF Index E
Aircraft length >200'
What are the 4 main elements of fire?
Heat source, fuel, oxygen, and a chain reaction
What is the most common fire fighting agent?
Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
When would Halon be used to fight a fire?
When there is a localized fire, halon is a clean agent (non-conducting) and leaves no residue
What is a class D fire extinguisher used for?
A dry agent that fights metal fires such as magnesium, potassium, titanium, and zirconium
What is the primary responsibility of ARFF?
Maintain a clear path for evacutation
ARFF personnel must, in full gear, reach the mid point of the furthest air carrier runway in ____ minutes
When must ARFF personnel be available?
15 minutes post and prior to a scheudled aircraft operation
How often must full scale mock disaster drills be completed?
Every 3 years
National Incident Management System (NIMS)
Standard organizational structure that allows mutual agencies to communicate and respond together; multi-agency and scalable
MOU/MOA Memorandum of Understanding/Agreement
Describes duties of mutual aid agencies that would be used in the event of an emergency
Airport Emergency Plan (AEP)
required under Part 139; designed to minimize the possibility and extent of personal injury and property damage on the airport in the case of an emergency
Incident Command System focuses on what three areas?
Command. Control. Communication.
1. Something might happen
2. Something is going to happen
3. Something has happened