Flashcards in Module 3 (Part 2) Deck (52):
Airport Movement Areas (AMA)
Runways, taxiway, and other areas used for aircraft movement
What are the top four reasons for
increased traffic volume, non-standard vehicle traffic movement, vehicles without radio communications or marings, untrained operators
An incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle, or person in a protected areas of a surface designated for takeoff and landing at a towered airport
Unauthorized movement within a designated movement area
Category A Runway Incursion
A serious incident in which a collision was narrowly avoided
Category B Runway Incursion
An incident in which separation decreases and there is a significant potential for collisions, which may result in a time critical corrective/evasive responses to avoid a collision
Category C Runway Incursion
An incident characterized by ample time and/or distance to avoid a collision
Category D Runway Incursion
An incident that meets the definition of a runway incursion such as an incorrect presence of a single vehicle/person/aircraft on the protected area of surface designation for the landing and takeoff of aircraft but with no immediate safety consequences
What is required of obstructions on and around an airport?
Under Part 77 they must be inspected, determined if they are an obstruction to air navigation, reported and lighted
Who is required to protect NAVAIDs?
The airport operator
What is required under FAR Part 149?
Airports must have established instructions to prevent wildlife strikes
If an air carrier has multiple strikes, what must an airport do under Part 139?
Conduct a Wildlife Hazard Assessment - Analyze events, identify species and their movement patterns, locate features attracting wildlife, describe the hazard to air carrier operations, and list recommendations
What are the two techniques to control wildlife?
Habitat Management (move attractive habitat off airfield) and Active Control (scare, dispense, trap, kill)
Notice to Airmen (NOTAM)
Primary way to convey safety information to airport users - covers a wide variety of things such as airport procedures, lighting, etc.
Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR)
Issued by the National Flight Data Center (NFDC) to restrict the airspace over a particular area (VIP movement, security, etc)
Airport construction considerations for the airport operators include:
FAA recommend airport operators work with contractors to properly mark and light equipment and insure construction materials are properly stored (FOD), marked, lighted, and barricaded
Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting Communications (AC 150/5210-7D)
Establishes minimum criteria for emergency communication; communications between primary responders and airport controlling agencies, ATC, AOC, Duty Manager, ARFF
Common emergency notification methods include:
Alarms, dedicated phone lines, two-way radios, ARFF radio communcation systems
Answering telephones; monitoring airport fire alarms & Sprinkler system; monitor security cameras; weather & airfield conditions; dispatching police/medical; dispatching airport maintenance personnel
Airport Communications Dispatcher
Must process emergency and non emergency calls from the public and be able to identify non emergency and emergency situations and take appropriate action
Aviation Security and Transportation Act of 2001
Transferred authority from civil security functions form the FAA to the TSA; created position of "Federal Security Director" for every commercial service airport
Federal Air Marshals (FAMs)
Address perimeter security and access control
Alternative form of screening for low risk individuals
Avoid body scans and having to take coats off
Must submit additional personal informaiton to the TSA as a part of the Trusted Traveler Program and bypasses passenger screeing
Transportation Security Officers (TSO)
Conducts screening of passengers and baggage
Transportation Security Inspectors (TSI)
Conduct inspections of the Airport Security Program (ASP), audits, TSI can issue Letter of Investigation
Behavior Detection Officers (BDO)
Designed to detect individuals exhibiting behaviors that may indicate a threat to aviation/transportation security; additional screening (hand-wanding), limited pat down, physical inspection of carry-on baggage
Expert Transportation Security Officer - Bomb Appraisal Officer (BAO)
Provide guidance to the assigned FD on issues involving explosives (IED, Chemical, Biological, Radiological & Nuclear); Assist Law Enforcement
TSA Canine Bomb Detection
Provides timely & mobile response support to facilties - rail stations; airports; seaports; surface carriers and are used several times each day to search aircraft & terminals to inspect bags and cargo
Aviation Direct Access Screening Program
Playbook; random check through the ATB & Airside
Protection of Sensitive Security Information Part 1520
Information about systems, methods, and procedures within the system should be unavailable for public dissemination
What are Primary Forms protected by SSI
Records: writing, drawings, maps, audio, videotape, film or photography
Vulnerability assesments: examination of transportation system, vehicle, or facility to determine security concerns
Airport Security Coordinator (ASC)
Primary contact for the federal government for security issues at the airport
What are the duties of the ASC?
Ensures that their commercial service airport complies with FARs, develop an Airport Security Program
What is an Airport Security Program (ASP)?
Explains how and airport complies with Part 1542 - describes the duties of the airport and how they will comply with the federal regulations
How are security categories determined?
Determined by number of domestic/international enplanements in addition to other components such as proximity of airport to major populations, scope and nature of operation
What are the three was the TSA can change security requirements?
Information Ciruclaris, Secrrity Directives, Changed Conditions
What are the four types of airfield security areas?
Secured Area; Security Identification Display Area (SIDA); Air Operations Area (AOA); Sterile Area
Most stringent of airport areas; individuals must have been fingerprint-based criminal history records check and receive security training
Security Identification Display Area (SIDA)
Area located either on the airfield, or within the structure where individuals must display airport-approved identification, such as airport ID badge or air carrier badge
Airport Operations Area
Airports must prevent and detect unauthorized entry and the presence or movement of individuals and ground vehicles
Begins and screening checkpoint and extends to aircraft gates
Access Control and Alarm Monitors System (ACAMS)
Monitor access to secure and sterile areas, annunciate security violations, and record/log events; verify that the holder of the access badge is entitle to area; does not need to monitor ALL access control points; automatically logs all attempts to enter secure and sterile areas
Exclusive Area Agreements (EAA)
Used when aircraft operators/air carriers desire to control access and movements of their employees within their leased area
Airport Tenant Security Program (ATSP)
Applies to non-Regulated Parties (i.e. air carriers) such as airport tenants besides air carriers (FBOs, Specialized Aviation Service Operators)
Each individual with unescorted authority to Secured Areas and SIDAs can verbally challenge and report to authorities any individual not displaying an identification medium
What is the requirement of airport operators for airport police patrol?
Airport Operators must employ uniformed law enforcement personnel in a number and manner to support the provisions of ASP
Area airports required to have contingency plans?
Yes - contingency plans are tied to the National Terrorism Advisory System (NTAS)
How often are category X and I airports required to conduct an exercise of the contingency plan?
Every two years
What are two General Aviation security programs?
GA Hotline (1-866-GA-SECURE) and the AOPA Airport Watch Program