Module 7 - Responses to Stress and Psychological Needs of Patients with Medical Conditions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 7 - Responses to Stress and Psychological Needs of Patients with Medical Conditions Deck (5)
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1

what is the neurotransmitter and Immune Stress Response

Neurotransmitter: Serotonin synthesis more active
• May impair serotonin receptor sites and brain’s ability to use serotonin. Lower serotonin = decreased mood
Immune: Interaction between nervous system and immune system during alarm phase - Negatively affects body’s ability to produce protective factors

2

give some examples of what acute stress can cause

o Uneasiness and concern
o Sadness
o Loss of apetite
o Suppression of the immune system
o Increased metabolism and use of fats
o Infertility
o Increased energy mobilization and use
o Increased cardiovascular tone
o Increased cardiopulmonary tone

3

give some examples of what chronic stress can cause

o Anxiety and panic disorders
o Depression
o Anorexia or overeating
o Lowered resistance to infections, leading to an increase in opportunistic viral and bacterial infections
o Insulin-resistant diabetes
o Hypertension
o Amenorrhea or loss of sex drive
o Impotence, anovulation
o Increased fatigue and irritability
o Decreased memory and learning
o Increased risk for cardiac events
o Increased risk for blood clots and stroke
o Increased respiratory problems

4

Describe Selye's 3 stages of General adaptation syndrome (GAS)

1) Alarm or acute stress stage – the initial, brief, and adaptive response (fight or flight) to the stressor. (during this phase 3 principal stress mediators are involved: See p. 66)
2) Resistance or adaptation stage – during this time sustained and optimal resistance to stressor occurs
3) Exhaustion stage – when attempts to resist the stressor prove futile.
 At this point, resources are depleted, and the stress may become chronic, producing a wide array of psychological and physiological responses and even death

5

The body cant differentiate between the energy generated by positive and negative stimuli. Lazarus described the psychological reactions as Distress and Eustress. Define both

Distress – negative, draining energy that results in anxiety, depression, confusion, helplessness, hopelessness, and fatigue
Eustress – positive, beneficial energy that motivates and results in feelings of happiness, hopefulness, and purposeful movement.