Module 2 - Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing in Acute Care and Community Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 2 - Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing in Acute Care and Community Deck (7)
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List the criteria for admission to inpatient care

1) Begins with the premise that the person is suffering from a mental illness and include evidence of one or more of the following: High risk of harming self, high risk of harming others, Unable to care for basic needs, rendering them in danger of harming themselves
2) Then given option of being admitted Voluntarily or involuntarily


Describe the Mental Health Act of Alberta and how it outlines actions when a patient with a mental disorder refuses to seek help

The Act talks about how a person with a mental disorder can be apprehended, detained and/or given treatment in a
hospital or in the community under specified conditions. It also explains people's rights
in these circumstances.
- Under the Act, you may be controlled to prevent serious injury to yourself or others. Control can be through the minimal use of force, mechanical means or medication. Control must be as minimal as is reasonable, and must have regard for your physical and mental condition.


Discuss methods of ensuring patient safety during hospitalization

o Thorough risk assessment completed
o Staff should check all personal property and clothing
o 2 patient identifiers
o Showers have non-weight bearing shower heads
o Windows with shatter-proof glass are locked
Tracking patients and visitors
- Beds are often platforms


what is primary prevention? give examples

before health care issues arise, what can we do as a community to prevent those
 Adult and youth recreational or cultural centers
 Schools and day care centers
 Churches, temples, synagogues, mosques
 Disaster preparedness teams


what is secondary prevention? give examples

if there is a mental health crisis/issue, these are the support systems
 Crisis centers, telephone crisis care, and shelters
 Correctional community facilities
 Youth residential treatment centers
 Nursing homes and hospices
 Industry/work sites – industrial nurses
 Early intervention psychosis programs


what is tertiary prevention? give examples

after diagnosis, and crisis has been revolved. Focus on how to prevent mental issues
 Community mental health centers
 Psychosocial rehabilitation programs


A community treatment order (CTO) is a doctor's order to follow a supervised mental health treatment and care plan for a certain period of time while staying in the community rather than being admitted to a hospital or other facility. CTO's are meant to prevent...

prevent the cycle of being admitted to hospital as a formal patient for treatment, being released, getting ill while in the community, and then having to go back to the hospital. If a person can follow a treatment and care plan in the community, he or she may be able to stay out of hospital.