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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (5)
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1

difference between anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder

anorexia: voluntary starvation
bulimia: binge-eating followed by purging
binge-eating: bing-eating without purging

2

Name 6 Clinical presentation/SandS of Anorexia

o Feeling cold
o Dry and flaky skin
o Sleeping problems
o Brittle nails and hair
o Dehydration
o Tired, weak, run-down
o Low weight
o Amenorrhea
o Yellow skin
o Lanugo
o Peripheral edema
o Muscle weakening
o Constipation
o Cardiovascular abnormalities (hypotension, bradycardia, HF)
o Impaired renal function
o Hypokalemia
o Decreased bone density

3

Clinical presentation/SandS of Bulimia

o Normal to slightly low weight, or weight gain
o Dental caries, tooth erosion
o Parotid swelling
o Muscle weakening
o Nausea, bloating, abdominal pain
o Dizziness
o Dry and flaky skin
o Difficulty concentrating
o Sleeping problems
o Dehydration
o Tired, weak, run-down
o Damage to teeth - sensitive, discoloured.
o Mouth sores
o Swollen hands or feet
o Sore throat, hoarse voice
o Swollen cheeks

4

List 6 Medical Complications of Anorexia Nervosa

- Amenorrhea***
- Cardiac arrhythmias*
- electrolyte imbalance **
• Osteoporosis due to Bone degeneration
- bradycardia
- elevated cholesterol

5

6 Medical Complications of Bulimia Nervosa

*similar to anorexia
- Dental issues or esophageal varices related to vomiting
- Sinus bradycardia
- Diminished chewing ability
• Orthostatic changes in pulse or blood pressure
• Cardiac arrhythmias
• Cardiac arrest from electrolyte disturbances or ipecac intoxication
• Cardiac murmur; mitral valve prolapse
• Electrolyte imbalances