Flashcards in Module1-3 Deck (19):
Who did agriculture for the Iroquois?
Woomen grew crops of beans , corn , pumpkin and squash
What are the roles of Iroquois woomen
woomen in this type of society were also responsible for agriculture as they grew : beans pumpkin and squash
What is agriculture?
Growing crops and planting food
What did the Iroquois live in?
Long houses (couple of families in one house)
What are the men responsible for?
They where responsible for for hunting , fishing
When was jaque Cartier first voyage and to where?
In 1534 he voyaged to
-find a route to china threw the saint lawrence
-to claim land for the king of France
Identify three 3 charitistic of Iroquois society
Iroquois society was sedentary, relied on agriculture and was matriarchal
What did Jacques Cartier succeed in his voyage?
-He succeeded at claiming land for the king of France
-bring gold and other riches back to France
-he developed and created maps for the region of saint Lawrence river
What did the French introduce to the Indians ?
New food such as bread,pease and salt
New clothes such as woolen cloth,blankets, hats ,shirts and leather shoes
Tools made from iron or steel such as knifes axes , saws and cooking pots
Weapons such as muskets pistols swords and iron arrow heads
What did the Indian introduce to the French?
New food such as corn, pumpkins, maple syrup, and meat from forest animals
warm winter clothing from furs and moccasins from leather
in 1663, king louis XIV established Royal Government in new france. What were the responsibilities of the INTENDANT
The INTENDANT was responsible for : New france Budget, he collected taxes and controlled how money was spent. The intendant was also responsible for granting seigneuries, building roads , organizing trade, as well as supervising the justice system.
What were the consequences of fur trade on the Amerindians north America?
They become more and more dependant on European goods such as wool, clothes iron pots and guns . The Indian tribes also become more disorganized as they abondanded their traditional way of life
in 1663 King louis XIV established Royal Government in new france, what were the responsibilities of the GOVERNOR
The GOVERNOR was the kings representative in New france, He commanded:
the military and responsible for defending the colony, diplomatic relation with the indian nation and the english colonies.
What did JEAN TALON do to try to promote the diversification of new france economy?
Jean Talon started new industries like hat making , ship building , barrel-making and tanning he also improved farming by encouraging crops that could be sold like flax, hemp, barley, and hops
Why did jean talon try to promote the economic diversity of New France?
To stimulate the economy of new france and to encourage immigrants from new france to settle in the colony
Why did Jean talon fail trying to promote the economic development of new france?
Jean talon failed due to the fur trade it was too profitable and france continued to pursue mercantilist policies that restricted the growth of new industries in is colony. Jean talon also failed due to the local market of good was too small and skilled worker were scarce
what was the purpose of the seigneurial system?
The seigneural system was made to encourage immigrants from france to settle in New france and to ensure the PERMANENT settlement of the colony
Describe New france at the end of the french Regime (1750's)
New france was governed by an intendant and a governor . furs were still the major export of the colony. The roman catholic church was responsible for providing education and health care. The colony of New france had an immense territory but a very small population