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Flashcards in Motion Dynamics Deck (67)
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1

Define somatic dysfunction

The impaired or altered function of related components of the somatic system

2

Four criteria to diagnose somatic dysfunction

TART

Tissue texture changes
Asymmetry
Restriction of motion
Tenderness

3

Define active ROM

Patient is actively moving

4

Define passive ROM

Physician is moving the patient

5

Physiological barrier

Limit of active motion

6

Anatomic barrier

Limit imposed by anatomical structure

7

Restrictive barrier

Functional limit that abnormally diminishes the normal physiological range

8

Elastic range

Range between the physiological and anatomic barrier

This is the end of passive motion

9

Three types of joints

1. Fibrous - skill articulations
2. Cartilaginous - discs between vertebrae
3. Synovial - 6 types in extremities

10

Most joints have what in regards to motion

Primary motion in one plane with smaller motions in the other two

11

Motion has what three things

Direction
Range
Quality

12

Define direction of motion

Flexion, extension, side-bending, rotation

13

Define range of motion

Actual measurements are in degrees

14

Define smooth quality of motion

Define ratcheting quality of motion

Define restricted quality of motion

Define exhibiting quality of motion

Smooth - normal
Ratcheting - parkinsons
Restricted - contracture or somatic dysfunction
Exhibiting - resistance to the motion induced (cerebral palsy)

15

Define elastic end feel of ROM

Like a rubber band

16

Define abrupt end feel of ROM

Osteoarthritis or hinge joint

17

Define hard end feel ROM

Somatic dysfunction

18

Define empty end feel ROM

Stops due to guarding

19

Define crisp end feel ROM

Involuntary muscle guarding as a pinched nerve

20

Static flexibility

Maximal ROM a joint can achieve with an external applied force

21

Dynamic flexibility

ROM an athlete can produce and speed at which he can produce it

22

Coupled motion

Consistent association of a motion along or about one axis with another motion about or along a second axis

This is seen in the spine

23

Functional unit of the spine

Two vertebrae, their associated disc, neurovascular and other soft tissue

24

Which part of the spine displays the greatest motion

Cervical spine

25

Common sign of osteogenesis imperfecta

Blue sclera

26

Ehler-danlos syndrome

Collagen dysfunction
Joint hypermobility
Stretchy skin

27

Alport syndrome

Deafness
Kidney dysfunction.

28

Menkes disease

Copper deficiency
Kinky hair, growth failure

29

Two major criteria for Ehler-Danos Syndrome

1. Beighton scale >4
2. Arthralgia for longer that 3 months in 4 or more joints

30

Minor criteria for Ehler-Danos syndrome

Beighton score >3
Three or more soft tissue lesions
Marfoid habitus
Drooping eyelids, myopia
Mitral valve prolapse
Varicose veins, hernia, rectal prolapse