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Flashcards in Somatic Dysfunction And Barriers Deck (23)
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1

What is the definition of somatic dysfunction

Impairment or altered function of related components of the somatic system

2

What three parts of the body can be directly affected by SD

Skeletal
Arthrodial
Myofascial structures

3

Define homeostasis

The level of well-being of an individual maintained by internal physiologic harmony that is the result of a relatively stable state or equilibrium among the interdependent body functions

4

Define acute SD

Immediate or short-term impairment or altered function of related components of the somatic system

5

S/S of acute SD

PET TV

Vasodilation
Edema
Tenderness
Pain
Tissue contraction

6

Define chronic SD

Impairment or altered function of related components of the somatic system

7

S/S of chronic SD

Tenderness
Itching
Firbosis
Paresthesias
Tissue contraction

8

What are the types of TTA

Bogginess
Thickening
Ropiness
Firmness
Temp change
Moisture change

9

Define bogginess

A TTA characterized principally by a palpable sense of sponginess in the tissue, interpreted as resulting from congestion due to increased fluid content

10

Define hypertonicity

Spastic paralysis

11

Define hypotonicity

Flaccid paralysis or no tone at all

12

Define contracture

Abnormal shortening of a muscle due to fibrosis

13

Define ropiness

Hard, firm, rope-like or cord-like muscle tone which usually indicates a chronic condition

14

Deinf anatomical barrier

The limit of passive motion imposed by an anatomical structure

15

Define physiological barrier

The limit of active motion

16

Define elastic barrier

The range between the physiological and anatomic barrier of motion in which passive stretching occurs before tissue disruption

17

Define tenderpoints

Small, discrete hypersensitive areas within myofascial structures that result in localized pain

18

Define trigger point

Small, discrete hypersensitive areas within myofascial structures

Palplation causes referred pain away from the site

19

What is the goal of OMT

To remove SD and restore homeostasis

20

What are the 5 models of OMT

Postural Structural
Neurological
Respiratory/Circular
Bioenergy
Psychosocial

PBR? NP!

21

What are the direct types of OMT technique

MFR
INR
ST
MET
HVLA

22

What are the combination types of OMT

MFR
Still
Percussor
PINS

23

What are the indirect types of OMT

MFR
INR
BLT/LAS
FPR