Soft Tissue And Myofascial Release Techniques Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Soft Tissue And Myofascial Release Techniques Deck (28)
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1

What does soft tissue entail

Living tissues of the body other than bone

2

What is the soft tissue of the face made up of

Collagen fibers in an ampophous matrix of proteoglycans which mechanically links the collagen fiber networks in these structures.

3

What is fascia not

Tendons
Ligaments
Aponeuroses

4

Define pannicular fascia

Outermost later of fascia derived from somatic mesenchyme

Surround entire body with exception of the orifices, outer layer is adipose tissue and inner layer is membranous

5

Define axial and appendicular fascia

Internal to the pannicular layer

Fused to the panniculus and surrounds all of the muscles, the periosteum of bones, and the peritendon of tendons

6

What are the four fascial layers

Pannicular fascia
Axial and appendicular fascia
Meningeal fascia
Visceral fascia

7

Define meningeal fascia

Surrounds nervous system including the dura

8

Define visceral fascia

Surrounds the body cavities

9

80% of C fibers are what

Polymodal

10

Define stress

The force that attempts to deform a connective tissue structure

11

Define strain

The percentage of deformation of a connective tissue

12

Define hysteresis

The difference between loading and unloading characteristics represented as energy that is lost in the CT

13

Define hooke’s law

The strain placed on an elastic body is proportional to the stress placed on it

14

Wolff’s law

Bone will develop according to the under stresses placed upon it

15

Define sherrington’s law

When a muscle receives a nerve impulse to contract, its antagonists receive, simultaneously, an impulse to relax

16

Define common compensatory pattern

80% of healthy people
Body is oriented L/R/L/R

17

Uncompensated pattern is due to what

Trauma

Has two similar directions in the same direction

18

What are the 4 transition zones of the spine

OA, C1, C2

C7, T1

T12, L1

L5, Sacrum

19

Where can transverse restrictions occur

1. Tentorium cerebelli
2. Thoracic inlet
3. Thoracolumbar diaphragm
4. Pelvic diaphragm

20

What are the two ST relative contraindications

Sever osteoporosis
Acute injuries

21

What are the St absolute contraindications

Fracture or dislocation

Neurologic entrapment syndrome

Serious vascular compromise

Local malignancy

Local infection

Bleeding disorders

22

Define stretch ST

Parallel traction

23

Define taffy pull

Stretch

24

Define the bowstring ST

Kneading

25

Define inhibition ST

Push and hold perpendicular to the fibers at the musculotendinous part of the hypertonic muscle

26

Define MFR

Constant pressure into the dysfunction

27

What are the absolute contraindications of MFR

Lack of patient consent
Absence of SD

28

What are the relative contraindications of MFR

Infection

Fracture

Soft tissue inj

DVT

RA