Flashcards in Motivational Role of the Reinforcer Deck (20):
Goal Directed Behaviour
choose to act in in a certain way to work towards a goal
Frustration and other internal states can produce a_____
Paradoxical reward effect
Paradoxical Reward effet
the effects of reinforcers can depend on expectations and psychological context.
Partial reinforcement extinction effect (PREE)
Learning under partial reinforcements is more robust than learning under full reinforcements.
The response is reinforced only part of the time.
Refers to the re-emergence of a previously extinguished conditioned response after a delay.
Thorndike's law of effect
Motivational properties of the reinforcer are critical for learning
Satisfaction results in___
The animal may learn things without being reinforced (latent learning), and reinforcement provides impetus to perform
learning that is not immediately expressed in an overt response; it occurs without any obvious reinforcement of the behavior or associations that are learned.
an internal representation (or image) of external environmental feature or landmark.
will the animal show evidence of learning when presented one stimulus when it was previously linked with the other
Skinner's circularity in the law of effect
Postman 1947 - The animal does what it does because it does it, and does not do what it does not do because it does not do it
tried to come up with a universal theory of a reinforcer.
You need motivating forcer of hunger to find the reward and see reward as a motivator.
Animals will then repeat any behavior that reduces these drives.
According to Hull Behaviour =
Habit (learning) X drive (motivation)
According to Hull reinforcement =
a stimulus that reduced drive
Reinforcement involves behaviour of its own, consumption not just the food, high preference for eating.
reinforcement = increasing access to preferred behaviours
The Premack Principle
More preferred action will provide good enforcer for less preferred action, do the worse action to then do the better one
Reinforcement depends on current preference of the individual (reinforcement is dynamic
Relative behavioural property
Limitations of the premack principle
- Doesn't speak to psycho priniciples.
- Very Behaviouristic
- May be violated if a situation or schedule of reinforcement provides much more of the high-probability behavior than of the low-probability behavior.