Muscle Actions Flashcards Preview

NPTE > Muscle Actions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Muscle Actions Deck (70):
1

TMJ Depression (3)

Lateral pterygoid
Suprahyoid
Infrahyoid

2

TMJ Elevation (3)

Temporalis
Masseter
Medial pterygoid

3

TMJ Protrusion (3)

Masseter
Lateral pterygoid
Medial pterygoid

4

TMJ Retrusion

Temporalis
Masseter
Digastric

5

TMJ Side to Side

Medial pterygoid
Lateral pterygoid
Masseter
Temporalis

6

Sternocleidomastoid

Neck flexion (both sides), I/L side bending, and C/L rotation
• Similar to Torticollis syndrome in pediatrics

7

Cervical Flexion (3)

Sternocleidomastoid
Longus Colli
Scalenus Muscles

8

Cervical Extension (6)

Splenius Cervicis
Semispinalis Cervicis
Iliocostalis cervicis
Longissimus cervicis
Multifidus
Trapezius

9

Cervical Rotation and Side Bending (7)

Sterncleidomastoid
Scalenus Muscles
Spleius Cervicus
Longissumus cervicus
Iliocostalis cervicis
Levator Scapulae
Multifidus

10

Thoracic/Lumbar Flexion (3)

Rectus Abdominis
Internal Oblique
External Oblique

11

Thoracic/Lumbar Extension (3)

Erector Spinae
Quadratus Lumborum (commonly tight; needs stretching)
Multifidus

12

Thoracic/Lumbar Rotation and Side Bending (8)

Psoas Major
Quadratus Lumborum
External Oblique
Internal Oblique
Multifidus
Longissimus Thoracis
Iliocostalis Thoracis
Rotatores

13

Mutlifidus

C/T/L extension, C/T/L Rot and SB

14

Splenius Cervicis
Semispinalis Cervicis

Cervical Extension and SB

15

Internal Oblique

Action: Compresses abdomen; unilateral contraction rotates vertebral column to same side

16

External Oblique

Action: Flexion and rotation of the spine

17

Scapular Elevation (2)

Upper Trapezius
Levator Scapulae

18

Scapular Depression (4)

Latissimus Dorsi
Pectoralis Major
Pectoralis Minor
Lower Trapezius

19

Scapular Protraction (2)

Serratus Anterior
Pectoralis Minor

20

Scapular Retraction (2)

Trapezius
Rhomboids

21

Scapular Upward Rotation (2)

Trapezius
Serratus Anterior

22

Scapular Downward Rotation (3)

Rhomboids
Levator Sacpulae
Pectoralis Minor

23

Pectoralis Minor (3)

Depression
Protraction
Downward Rotation

24

Levator Scapulae (2)

Elevation
Downward Rotation

25

Serratus Anterior (2)

Protraction
Upward Rotation

26

Rhomboids (2)

Retraction
Downward Rotation

27

Trapezius (3)

Retraction
Upward Rotation
Elevation (upper) and Depression (lower)

28

Shoulder Flexion (4)

Anterior Deltoid
Coracobrachialis
Pectoralis Major
Biceps Brachii

29

Shoulder Extension (3)

Latissimus Dorsi
Posterior Deltoid
Teres Major

30

Shoulder Abduction (2)

Middle Deltoid
Supraspinatus

31

Shoulder Adduction (3)

Pectoralis Major
Latissimjus Dorsi
Teres Major

32

Shoulder Lateral Rotation (3)

Teres Minor
Infraspinatus
Posterior Deltoid

33

Shoulder Medial Rotation (5)

Subscapularis
Teres Major
Pectoralis Major
Latissimus Dorsi
Anterior Deltoid

34

Teres Major (3)

Extension
Adduction
Medial Rotation

35

Pectoralis Major (3)

Flexion
Adduction
Medial Rotation

36

Latissimus Dorsi (3)

Extension
Adduction
Medial Rotation

37

Elbow Flexion (3)

Biceps Brachii
Brachialis
Brachioradialis

38

Elbow Extension (2)

Triceps Brachii
Anconeus

39

Radioulnar Supination (2)

Biceps Brachii
Supinator

40

Radioulnar Pronation (2)

Pronator Teres
Pronator Quadratus

41

Wrist Flexion (3)

Flexor Carpi Radialis
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
Palmaris Longus

42

Wrist Extension (3)

Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
Extensors Carpi Radialis Brevis (no pollicis – extends thumb)
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

43

Radial Deviation (3)

Extensor Carpi Radialis
Flexor Carpi Radialis
Extensor Pollicis Longus and Brevis

44

Ulnar Deviation (2)

Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris

45

Hip Flexion (4)

Iliopsoas
Sartorius
Rectus Femoris
Pectinius

46

Hip Extension (5)

Gluteus Maximus and Medius
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus
Biceps Femoris

47

Hip abduction (5)

Gluteus Medius
Gluteus Minimus
Piriformis
Obturator Internus
Tensor Fasciae Latae

48

Hip adduction (4)

Adductor Magnus
Adductor Longus
Adductor Brevis
Gracilis

49

Hip Medial Rotation (5)

Tensor Fasciae Latae
Gluteus Medius
Gluteus Minimus
Pectineus
Adductor Longus

50

Hip Lateral Rotation (6)

Gluteus Maximus
Obturator Externus
Obturator Internus
Piriformis
Gemelli
Sartorius

51

Piriformis (2)

Abduction and
Lateral Rotation

52

Sartorius (3)

Hip Flexion
Hip Lateral Rotation
Knee Flexion

53

Rectus Femoris (2)

Hip Flexion
Knee Extension

54

Gluteus Medius (3)

Hip Extension
Hip Abduction
Hip Medial Rotation

55

Gluteus Minimus (2)

Abduction
Medial Rotation

56

Gluteus Maximus (2)

Extension
Lateral Rotation

57

Tensor Fasciae Latae (2)

Abduction and
Medial Rotation

58

Obturator Internus (2)

Abduction and
Lateral Rotation

59

Knee Flexion (4)

Biceps Femoris
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus
Sartorius

60

Knee Extension (4)

Rectus Femoris
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Medialis

61

Ankle Plantar Flexion (7)

Tibialis Posterior
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Peroneus Longus
Peroneus Brevis
Plantaris
Flexor Hallucis

62

Ankle Dorsiflexion (4)

Tibialis Anterior
Extensor Hallucis Longus
Extensor Digitorum Longus
Peroneus Tertius

63

Ankle Inversion (3)

Tibialis Posterior
Tibialis Anterior
Flexor Digitorum Longus

64

Ankle Eversion (3)

Peroneus Longus
Peroneus Brevis
Peroneus Tertius

65

Tibialis Posterior

Plantar Flexion and Inversion

66

Peroneus Longus

Plantar Flexion and Eversion

67

Peroneus Brevis

Plantar Flexion and Eversion

68

Peroneus Tertius

Dorsiflexion and Eversion

69

Flexor Digitorum Longus

Ankle Inversion

70

Flexor Hallucis

Plantar flexion