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Flashcards in PocketPrep Random Questions? Deck (21):
1

How is ejection fraction calculated?

EF = SV / LV end diastolic volume. Normal ejection fraction is greater than 55%

2

What is the site of primary vascular resistance?

Arterioles

3

What exchanges fluids and nutrients between tissues and blood?

Capillaries

4

What is cardiac index?

Cardiac output divided by body surface area

5

What lower airway structure is NOT involved in diffusion of gas, but only for transport?

Trachea (not respiratory Bronchioles)

6

What does the ballotable patella test (patellar tap test) indicate?

Infrapatellar effusion (positive when the patella is perceived as floating)

7

What are examples of first, second, and third class levers?

1st: triceps (effort that tries to cause a movement and resistance that opposes the movement)

2nd: Raising of the toes.

3rd: flexion of the knee or elbow

8

What position must you be in for the rib springing test?

PRONE!

9

What muscle does retraction and downward rotation of the scapula?

Rhomboids

10

If you use a quad cane during the Modified Emory Functional Ambulation Profile Scale, what must you multiply the recorded time by?

Multiply by 4

11

What is the difference between ideamotor and ideational apraxia?

Ideational apraxia is a disturbance of voluntary movement in which a person misuses objects because he/she has difficulty identifying the concept (idea) or purpose behind the objects. (e.g. will use toothbrush to comb hair)

Ideomotor apraxia is the inability to carry out a command from the brain to mimic limb or head movements performed or suggested by others. **It occurs when a patient cannot perform a task on command but can perform the task when no one is watching.

12

An assisted cough is an airway clearance technique that is used on which of the following types of patients?

Patients who do not have the necessary abdominal muscles to perform an effective cough

13

If a PT needed to differentiate between ligamentous lesions and meniscal tears, what special test would he or she likely use?

Apley's Test. (McMurray's is just for meniscal tears)

14

A singular, quick jerk is best described as?

Myoclonus

15

Involuntary movement that involves quick twitches is best described as?

Chorea

16

Involuntary movement that involves sinuous movements that are slow, irregular, and twisting is best desctibed as?

Athetosis

17

Involuntary movements that involve quivering movements that are continuous are?

Tremors!

18

Where do you listen for a patient's tricuspid valve?

4th Left intercostal space

19

Where do you listen for a patient's Aortic valve?

2nd Right Intercostal Space

20

What is the position for Neer's shoulder impingement test?

Sitting with the shoulder passive internally rotated!

21

When applying heat, what is one vital sign that will not rise?

Blood pressure. But CO, Pulse, and RR will all increase