Muscle List #2 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy And Physiology > Muscle List #2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Muscle List #2 Deck (52):
1

Levator scapulae

O: Transverse process of C1-C4
I: Superior medial border of scapula
A: Elevates SCAPULA

2

Pecoralis minor

O: Anterior surface of ribs 3-5
I: Coracoid process of scapula
A: Depresses and PROTRACTS SCAPULA

3

Rhomboid minor

O: Spinous processes of C7-T1
I: Medial border of scapula (near spine)
A: Elevates and RETRACTS scapula

4

Serratus Anterior

O: Anterior of ribs 1-8
I: Medial border of scapula
A: Protracts and rotates scapula upward

5

Trapezius

O: 1) Occipital bone
2) Ligamentum nuchea
3) Spinous processes of Thoracic vertebrae
I: 1) Clavicle
2) Acromion
3) Spine of scapula
A: 1) Superior Fibers - elevate and rotate scapula upward, elevates clavicle
2) Middle - Retract scapula
3) Inferior - Depres scapula

6

Deltoid

O: 1) Clavicle
2) Acromion
3) Spine of scapula
I: Deltoid tuberosity of Humerus
A: 1) Anterior fibers - adduction, flexion, medial rotation
2) Middle fibers - abduction
3) Posterior fibers - extension, lateral rotation

7

Teres major

O: 1) Lateral border of scapula
2) Inferior angle of scapula
I: 1) Lesser tubercle of humerus
2) Intertubercular sulcus of humerus
A: 1) Extension
2) ADDuction
3) Medial rotation at shoulder

8

Pectoralis major

O: 1) Cartilage of ribs 2-6
2) Sternum
3) Medial clavicle
I: Intertubercular sulcus of humerus
A: 1) Flexion
2) ADDuction
3) Medial rotation at shoulder

9

Long head of Biceps brachii

O: Supraglenoid tubercle of scapula
I: Radial tuberosity
A: Flexion at shoulder

10

Long head of Triceps brachii

O: Below glenoid fossa
I: Olcranon process of ulna
A: Extension and ADDuction at shoulder

11

Latissimus dorsi

O: 1) Spinous processes of T7-L1
2) Ribs 8-12
3) Thoracolumbar facia
4) Iliac crest
I: Intertubercular sulcus of humerus
A: 1) Extension
2) ADDUction
3) Medial rotation

12

Supraspinatus

O: Suprapinous fossa
I: Greater tubercle of humerus
A: ABDuction

13

Subscapularis

O: Subscapular fossa
I: LESSER tubercle of humerus
A: Medial rotation of shoulder

14

Infraspinatus

O: Infraspinous fossa
I: Greater tubercle of humerus
A: ADDuction
Lateral rotation

15

Teres minor

O: Lateral border of scapula
I: Greater tubercle of humerus
A: ADDuction
Lateral rotation

16

Biceps brachii (long and short head)

O: L=supraglenoid tubercle
S=coracoid process
I: Radial tuberosity
A: Flexion at elbow
Supination (rotation of hand out)
L=Flexion at shoulder

17

Brachialis

O: Anterior distal humerus
I: Coronoid process of humerus (bottom of c)
A: STRONG flexion at elbow

18

Brachioradialis

O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: Styloid process of radius
A: Flexion at elbow

19

Triceps brachii (Long, Medial, Lateral Heads)

O: Lng=below glenoid fossa
M=Distal, posterior humerus
Lat=Proximal posterior humerus
I: Olecranon process of ulna
A: Extension at elbow
Lng=Extension and ADDuction at shoulder

20

Flexor carpi radialis

O: Medial epicondyle of humerus
I: Base of metacarpals 2 &3
A: Flexion and ABDuction at wrist

21

Flexor carpi ulnaris

O: 1) Medial epicondyle of humerus
2) Olecranon process of ulna
I: Carpals and base of metacarpal 5
A: Flexion
ADDuction at wrist

22

Extensor carpi radialis longus

O: Lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus
I: Base of metacarpal 2
A: Extension
ABduction at wrist

23

Extensor carpi radialis brevis

O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: Base of metacarpal 3
A: Extension
ABduction at wrist

24

Extensor carpi ularnis

O: 1) Lateral epicondyle of humerus
2) Proximal ulna
I: Base of metacarpal 5
A: Extension
ADDuction at wrist

25

Gluteus maximus

O: 1) Iliac crest
2) Sacrum
3) Coccyx
I: 1) Iliorbital tract
2) Gluteal tuberosity of femur
A: 1) Extension
2) ABduction
3) Lateral rotation at hip

26

Gluteus medius

O: Posterior iliac crest of ilium
I: Greater trochanter of femur
A: ABduction
Medial rotation at hip

27

Gracilis

O: Inferior ramus of pubis
I: Medial tibia (inferior to medial condyle)
A: Flexion
ADDuction
Medial rotation of hip
Knee flexion

28

Pectineus

O: Pubic crest/Superior ramus
I: Inferior to lesser trochanter
A: Flexion
ADDuction of hip

29

Iliacus

O: Illiac fossa of ilium
I: Lesser trochanter
A: Flexion
Lateral rotation of hip

30

Psoas major

O: Transverse processes of T12-L5
I: Lesser trochaner
A: Hip flexion
Flexion of lumbar intervertebral joints

31

4 muscles of Hamstring

1) Biceps femoris
2) Semimembranosus
3) Semitendinosus
4) Sartorius

32

Biceps femoris (Long and Short head)

O: L=Ischial tuberosity
S=Linea aspera
I: 1) Head of fibula
2) Lateral condyle of tibia
A: Flexion & lateral rotation at knee
L= Extension at hip

33

Semimembranosus

O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Posterior medial tibia
A: Flexion & medial rotation at knee
Extension at hip

34

Semitendinosus

O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Proximal medial tibia
A: Flexion & medial rotation at knee
Extension at hip

35

Sartorius

O: Anterior superior iliac spine
I: Medial tibial surface
A: Flexion, ABduction & Lateral rotation at hip
Flexion & medial rotation at knee

36

4 muscles of Quadriceps

1) Rectus femoris
2) Vastus intermedius
3) Vastus lateralis
4) Vastus medialis

37

Rectus femoris

O: Anterior inferior iliac spine
I: Tibial tuberosity via quadriceps tendon and patellar ligament
A: Knee extension
Flexion at hip

38

Vastus intermedius

O: Anteriolateral surface of femur and linea aspera
I: Tibial tuberosity via quadriceps tendon and patellar ligament
A: Knee extension

39

Vastus lateralis

O: Greater trochanter
Proximal half of linea aspera
I: Tibial tuberosity via quadriceps tendon and patellar ligament
A: Knee extension

40

Vastus medialis

O: Linea aspera of femur
I: Tibial tuberosity via quadriceps tendon and patellar ligament
A: Knee extension

41

Tibialis anterior

O: Lateral condyle of tibia
Proximal shaft of tibia
I: First metatarsal & medial tarsal of bone
A: Dorsiflexion
Inversion of foot

42

Gastrocnemius

O: Femoral condyles
I: Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon (Achilles tendon)
A: Plantar flexion
Flexion at knee

43

Fibularis longus

O: Superior 2/3 of lateral fibula
I: First metatarsal & medial tarsal of bone
A: Eversion of foot
Plantar flexion

44

6 muscles that move the Pectoral Girdle

1) Levator scapulae
2) Pecoralis minor
3) Rhomboid minor
4) Rhomboid major
5) Serratus anterior
6) Trapezius

45

6 muscles that move the Arm

1) Deltoid
2) Teres major
3) Pectoralis major
4) Long head of Biceps brachii
5) Long head of Triceps brachii
6) Latissimus dorsi

46

4 Rotator Cuff muscles

1) Supraspinatus
2) Subscapularis
3) Infraspinatus
4) Teres minor

47

4 muscles that move the Forearm

1) Biceps brachii
2) Brachialis
3) Brachioradialis
4) Triceps brachii

48

5 muscles that move the Wrist

1) Flexor carpi radialis
2) Flexor carpi ulnaris
3) Extensor carpi radialis longus
4) Extensor carpi radialis brevis
5) Extensor carpi ulnaris

49

6 muscles that move the Thigh

1) Gluteus maxiumus
2) Gluteus medius
3) Gracilis
4) Pectineus
5) Iliacus
6) Psoas major

50

8 muscles that move the Leg

1) Biceps femoris (H)
2) Semimembranosus (H)
3) Semitendinosus (H)
4) Sartorius (H)
5) Rectus femoris (Q)
6) Vastus intermedius (Q)
7) Vastus lateralis (Q)
8) Vastus medialis (Q)

51

3 muscles that move the Ankle and Foot

1) Tibialis anterior
2) Gastrocnemius
3) Fibularis longus

52

Rhomboid major

O: Spinous processes of T2-T5
I: Medial border of scapula (from spine to inferior angle)
A: Elevates and RETRACTS scapula