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Flashcards in Bone List Deck (83):
1

7 Cranial Bones

1. Temporal bone
2. Occipital bone
3. Ethmoid bone
4. Sphenoid bone
5. Parietal bone
6. Frontal bone
7. Sutures

2

5 Parts of the Temporal Bone

1. External acoustic meatus
2. Zygomatic process
3. Mastoid process
4. Mandibular fossa
5. Styloid process

3

2 Parts of the Occipital bone

1. Foramen magnum
2. Occipital condyles

4

4 Parts of the Ethmoid bone

1. Cribriform plates with olfactory formanina
2. Perpendicular plate
3. Crista galli
4. Middle nasal concha

5

4 Parts of the Sphenoid bone

1. Optic canals
2. Sella turcica
3. Greater wing
4. Lesser wing

6

4 Sutures

1. Coronal
2. Sagittal
3. Lambdoid
4. Squamous

7

9 Facial Bones

1. Maxillae
2. Mandible
3. Lacrimals
4. Nasals
5. Zygomatic
6. Vomer
7. Palatines
8. Inferior nasal conchae
9. Hyoid bone

8

3 Parts of the Maxillae

1. Alveolar margin with processes
2. Processes join with frontal bone
3. Processes join with zygomatic bone

9

6 Parts of the Mandible

1. Alveolar margin with processes
2. Coronoid process
3. Mental foramen
4. Mandibular condyles
5. Angle
6. Ramus

10

1 Part of Lacrimal

Lacrimal groove (where nasolacrimal duct goes through

11

3 Parts of the Zygomatic

1. Process that joins with the frontal bone
2. Process that joins with the temporal bone
3. Process that joins with the maxillae bones

12

Structures of a typical vertebra

1. Body
2. Vertebral foramen
3. Transverse process
4. Spinous process

13

5 Types of vertebrae

1. Cervical (7)
2. Thoracic (12)
3. Lumbar (5)
4. Sacrum (5 fused)
5. Coccyx (3-5 fused)

14

3 Things to remember about cervical vertebrae

1. Atlas (c1)
2. Axis (c2)
3. Has transverse foramina (holes oin transverse process)

15

Axis process names

1. Dens
2. Odontoid process

16

How to tell if it's Thoracic

Circular vertebral foramen
Long, downward pointing spinous process

17

How to tell if it's Lumbar

Large, kidney bean shaped body
Spinous process points inferiorly

18

Auricular surface

On sides of Sacrum
Articulates with Illium

19

2 parts of Thoracic Cage

1. Sternum
2. Ribs

20

4 Parts of Sternum

1. Manubrium (top)
2. Body
3. Xiphoid Process
4. Jugular (suprasternal) notch

21

3 Parts of Ribs

1. Head (articulate with vertebrae)
2. Tubercle (articulate with vertebrae)
3. Sternal end (may articulate with costal cartilage)

22

3 Types of Ribs

1. True = Vertebrosternal = 1-7 (attach directly to sternum via costal cartilage)
2. False = Vertebrochondral = 8-10 (indirectly attach to sternum via costal cartilage)
3. Floating = vertebral = 11-12 (don't attach to sternum)

23

2 Parts of Pectoral Girdle

1. Scapula
2. Clavicle

24

9 Parts of Scapula

1. Spine
2. Supraspinous fossa
3. Infraspinous fossa
4. Subscapular fossa

5. Glenoid Cavity
6. Lateral Border
7. Acromion
8. Coracoid Process

9. Medial Border

25

How to tell superior and inferior surface of clavicle

Superior = smooth
Inferior = rough

26

2 Parts of Clavicle

Acromial end (lateral, curves anteriorly)
Sternal end (medial)

27

6 Parts of the Upper Limb

1. Humerus
2. Ulna
3. Radius
4. Carpals
5. Metacarpals
6. Phalanges (14 bones)

28

12 Parts of the Humerus

1. Head
2. Greater Tubercle
3. Lesser Tubercle
4. Intertubercular Sulcus

5. Deltoid Tuberosity
6. Trochlea
7. Capitulum

8. Radial Fossa
9. Olecranon fossa
10. Coronoid Fossa

11. Medial Epicondyle
12. Lateral Epicondyle

29

5 Parts of the Ulna

1. Olecranon process
2. Styloid process (medial)
3. Trochlear notch
4. Coronoid process
5. Radial notch

30

3 Parts of the Radius

1. Head
2. Radial tuberosity
3. Styloid process (lateral)

31

3 Bones of the Pelvic Girdle

1. Sacrum
2. Left Coxal bone
3. Right Coxal bone

32

Coxal bone consists of what 3 bones and 2 parts?

Bones:
1. Ilium
2. Ischium
3. Pubis

Parts:
1. Acetabulum
2. Obturator foramen

33

5 Parts of the Ilium

1. Iliac crest
2. Anterior superior iliac spine
3. Anterior inferior iliac spine
4. Greater sciatic notch
5. Sacroiliac joint (auricular surfact)

34

Ischial tuberosity

Part of Ischium
Seat bones

35

4 Parts of Pubis

1. Pubic symphysis
2. Pubic tubercle
3. Superior pubic ramus
4. Inferior pubic ramus

36

7 Parts of the Lower Limb

1. Femur
2. Tibia
3. Fibula
4. Patella
5. Tarsals
6. Metatarsals
7. Phalanges

37

12 Parts of Femur

1. Head
2. Fovea capitus
3. Neck

4. Greater trochanter
5. Lesser trochanter

6. Gluteal tuberosity
7. Linea Aspera

8. Medial epicondyle
9. Lateral epicondyle
10. Medial condyle
11. Lateral condyle
12. Patellar surface

38

4 Parts of Tibia

1. Medial condyles
2. Lateral condyles
3. Tibial tuberosity
4. Medial malleolus

39

2 Parts of Fibula

1. Head
2. Lateral malleolus

40

2 Important Tarsals

1. Calcaneus (Heel)
2. Talus (where ____ articulates)

41

Mastoid process

On temporal bone
Bump behind ear

42

Coronoid process of the mandible

smaller front bump

43

Manubrium

Top of sternum
Where jugular notch is located

44

Cribriform plates with olfactory foramina

Hole-y part of the bottom of the ethmoid bone

45

Crista galli

Ridge between cribriform plates

46

Vertebrosternal ribs

True ribs (1-7)

47

Vertebrochondral ribs

Fasle ribs (8-10)

48

Vertebral ribs

Floating ribs (11-12)

49

Glenoid Cavity

On Scapula
Where Humerus articulates

50

Acromion

On scapula
The back, larger process
Flows from the spine

51

Coracoid process

On Scapula
Front, smaller process
Looks like a hook to the front

52

Supraspinous fossa

On Scapula
Flat curve ABOVE spine

53

Infraspinous fossa

On Scapula
Flat curve BELOW spine

54

Subscapualr fossa

On Scapula
Flat curve UNDER whole scapula

55

Greater tubercle

On Humerus
Bigger projection next to head

56

Lesser tubercle

On Humerus
Smaller projection next to head
Only seen in anterior view

57

Intertubercular sulcus

On Humerus
Groove between the greater and lesser tubercles

58

Trochlea

On Humerus
Next to medial epicondyle
Pointy projection that tells you which humerus you're looking at (when looking anteriorly)

59

Capitulum

On Humerus
Opposite of Trochlea
Next to lateral epicondyle
Looks round in anterior view

60

Deltoid Tuberosity

On Humerus
Lateral ridge about halfway down
Where deltoid muscle attaches

61

Radial Fossa

On Humerus
Lateral indent - next to lateral epicondyle
Above Capitulum
Where radius pokes into

62

Coronoid Fossa of Humerus

On Humerus
Central indent of anterior view
Where ulna pokes into

63

Olecranon Fossa

On Humerus
ONLY indent of the posterior view
Elbow hole

64

Styloid process of Ulna

Medial
Jabbing point near carpals

65

Styloid process of Radius

Lateral
Jabbing point near carpals

66

Olecranon process

On Ulna
Boney part of elbow

67

Trochlear notch

On Ulna
Articulates with trochlea on Humerus
The C shape of ulna

68

Coronoid process

On Ulna
Bottom part of the C shape
Pokes into coronoid fossa of Humerus

69

Radial Notch

On Ulna
Lateral side of bone
Articulates with radial tuberosity

70

Head of Radius

Flat cylindar
On narrow end of the bone

71

Radial Tuberosity

On Radius
Bump that articulates with radial notch

72

Carpals

Wrist bones

73

Metacarpals

Palm bones

74

Acetabulum

Hip Socket
Articulates with Head of Femur

75

Obturator Foramen

Hole just under acetabulum
Hole just above ischial tuberosity

76

Greater Sciatic Notch

Hole just under ilium
Hole next to sacrum

77

Medial Malleolus

On Tibia
Inside bone of ankle

78

Lateral Malleolus

On Fibula
Outside bone of ankle

79

Fovea capitus

On Femur
Indent on Head

80

Greater trochanter

On Femur
Large protrusion at top
Opposite side (lateral) of Head

81

Lesser trochanter

On Femur
Smaller protrusion "under" the neck
Same side (medial) as Head

82

Linea Aspera

On Femur
Line down diaphysis on Posterior view

83

Gluteal tuberosity

On Femur
Smaller line on posterior view
Starts between the lesser and greater trochanters