Muscle OIA Flashcards Preview

Introduction to skeletal system/ Muscular system Exam 2 > Muscle OIA > Flashcards

Flashcards in Muscle OIA Deck (100)
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1

Frontalis
O:
I:
A:

O: Epicranial aponeurosis (forehead)
I:Skin of forehead (across eyebrows)
A:Furrow brow

2

Occipitalis
O:
I:
A:

O:Superior nuchal line of occipital (back of head)
I:Epicranial aponeurosis
A:Unfurrow brow

3

Orbicularis oculi
O:
I:
A:

O:Medial orbital margin
I:eyelids
A:close eyelids

4

Orbicularis oris
O:
I:
A:

O:surrounding lips
I:Lips at corner of mouth
A:Close lips

5

Depressor anguli oris
O:
I:
A:

O:Body of mandible
I:Lips corner of mouth
A:Frowning

6

Depressor labii inferioris
"Medial to depressor anguli oris"
O:
I:
A:

O:Body of mandible
I:lower lip
A:depress lip

7

Levator labii superioris
" muscle runs down the side of the nose"
O:
I:
A:

O:Maxilla (infraorbital margin)
I:upper lip
A:Elevates upper lip

8

Zygomaticus Major
(muscle is beneath zygomaticus minor)
O:
I:
A:

O:Temporal process of zygomaitc bone (zygomatic arch)
I:Lips at corner of mouth
A:Smilling

9

Zygomaticus minor
(superior to zygomaticus major)
O:
I:
A:

O:Zygomatic bone (medial to major)
I:Lips at corner of mouth
A:Smiling

10

Buccinator
(underneath Zygomaticus major)
O:
I:
A:

O:Mailla and mandible
I:orbicularis oris
A:compress cheeks
ex;playing trumpet

11

Inferior rectus
(looking down)
O:
I:
A:

O; Spheroid bone around optic canal
I:inferior, medial surface of eye
A:eye looks down

12

Medial rectus
(looking at closer objects)
O:
I:
A:

O:sphenoid bone around optic canal
I:Medial surface of eyeball
A: eye rotates medially

13

Superior rectus
(looking up)
O:
I:
A:

O:Sphenoid bone around optic canal
I:Superior surface of eyeball
A:eye looks up

14

Lateral rectus
(moves eye laterally)
O:
I:
A:

O: Sphenoid bone around optic canal
I:Lateral surface of the eyeball
A:eye rotates laterally

15

Inferior oblique
(underneath Inferior rectus)
O:
I:
A:

O:Maxillary bone at anterior portion of orbit
I:Inferior, lateral surface of eyeball
A:eye rolls, looks up and the to the side

16

Superior oblique
(Superior to superior rectus)
O:
I:
A:

O:Sphenoid bone around optic canal
I:Superior, lateral surface of eyeball
A:Eye rolls, looks down and to the side

17

Masseter
(Chewing muscles)
O:
I:
A:

O: Zygomatic arch (temporal process of zygomatic bone and zygomatic process of temporal bone)
I:Ramus of mandible
A:Elevate mandible (Close jaw)

18

Temporalis
O:
I:
A:

O:Temporal bone
I: Coronoid process of mandible
A:Elevate mandible

19

Lateral pterygoid
-deep to masster ( has opposite action of the masseter, temporalis and medial pterygoid.

O:Pterygoid process of sphenoid bone
I: Mandible
A:Depress mandible

20

Medial pterygoid
O:
I:
A:

O:Pterygoid process of sphenoid bone
I: Mandible
A: Elevate Mandible

21

Genioglossus
O:
I:
A:

O:Body of mandible
I:Tongue
A:protract tongue (stinking tongue out)

22

Hyoglossus
O:
I:
A:

O:Hyoid
I:Tongue
A:Depress tongue

23

Styloglossus
O:
I:
A:

O:Styloid process of temporal
I:Tongue
A:Retract tongue

24

Sternocleidomastoid
O: has two heads
I:
A:

O: Sternal head: Manubrium
Clavicular head: Sternal end of clavicle
I: Mastoid process
A:Rotate or flex head and neck

25

Omohyoid
O:
I:
A:

O:Superior of scapula and clavicle
I:Hyoid
A:Depress hyoid and larynx

26

Diagastric
O:(has two heads)
I:
A:

O:Superior (posterior) belly
Inferior (anterior) belly
I:Hyoid
A: Depress mandible, elevate s hyoid

27

Sternohyoid
O:
I:
A:

O:Manubrium
I:hyoid
A:Depress hyoid and larynx

28

Sternothyroid
O:
I:
A:

O:Manubrium
I:Thyroid cartilage of larynx
A:depress hyoid and larynx

29

Stylohyoid
O:
I:
A:

O:Styloid process of temporal
I:Hyoid
A:Elevate hyoid and larynx

30

Spelnius capitis
O:
I:
A:

O:Cervical & thoracic spinous process
I:Mastoid process of temporal nuchal lines of occipital
A:Extend neck

31

Scalenes
(anterior to spelnius capitis)
O:
I:
A:

O:cervical transverse process
I:ribs 1&2
A:elevate ribs "pull ribs up when breathing"

32

Diaphragm
O:
I:
A:

O:Xiphoid, ribs, & lumbar vertebrae
I:Central tendon at the inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
A:Expand thoracic cavity

33

External intercostals
O:
I:
A:

O: Inferior border of ribs
I:Superior border of ribs
A:Elevate ribs( opposite action interal intercostals)

34

Internal intercostals
(deeper to External intercostals)
O:
I:
A:

O:Superior border of ribs
I:Inferior border of ribs
A:Depress ribs( opposite action than external intercostals)

35

Rectus abdominis( our 6 packs ;) )
O:
I:
A:

O:pubic symphysis
I:xiphoid and costal cartilages
A:Flex vertebral column (situp)

36

External abdominal oblique
(On top of the internal abdominal oblique muscle)
O:
I:
A:

O:Ribs 5-12
I: Iliac crest and linea alba
A:Flex,rotate vertebral column

37

Internal abdominal oblique
(Underneath of the External abdominal oblique muscle)
O:
I:
A:

O:Iliac crest and thoracolumbar fascia
I:Costal cartilages and linea alba
A:Flex, rotate vertebral column

38

Transversus abdominis
(located underneath the obliques)
O:
I:
A:

O:Ribs 7-12, iliac crest, thoracic and lumbar spinous process
I:Linea alba and pubis
A:Compress abdomen

39

Rhomboidius minor
(superior to the Rhomboidius Major)
O:
I:
A:

O: Spinous process of C7-T1
I: Medial border of the scapula
A: Rotate scapula

40

Rhomboidius major
O:
I:
A:

O:Spinous processes of T2- T5
I:Medial border of scapula
A:Rotate Scapula

41

Pectoralis minor
O:
I:
A:

O:Ribs 2-5
I: Coracoid process of scapula
A: Rotate scapula

42

Trapezius
O:
I:
A:

O: External occipital protuberance, spinous processes of C1-T12
I:Scapular spine, acromion, clavicle
A:Elevates pectoral girdle

43

Serratus anterior
O:
I:
A:

O:Ribs
I:Medial border of scapula
A: protract scapula

44

Pectoralis major
O:
I:
A:

O:Clavicle and strenum
I:Greater tubercle of humerus
A: Adduct and flex shoulder

45

Latissimus dorsi
O:
I:
A:

O:Thoracic and lumbar spinous processes
I:Intertubercular sulcus of humerus
A: adduct and extend the shoulder

46

Supraspinatus
O:
I:
A:

O:Supraspinous fossa of scapula
I: Greater tubercle of humerus
A:Abduct shoulder

47

Infraspinatus
O:
I:
A:

O: Infraspinous fossa of scapula
I: Greater tubercle of the humerus
A: Extend and adduct the shoulder

48

Teres minor
(below Infraspinatus)
O:
I:
A:

O:lateral border of scapula
I: greater tubercle of humerus
A: Lateral rotate SHOULDER

49

Teres major
(below teres minor)
O:
I:
A:

O:Inferior angle of scapula
I:Lesser tubercle of humerus
A:Medial rotate shoulder

50

Subscapularis
O:
I:
A:

O: Subscapular fossa
I:Lesser tubercle of humerus
A:Medial rotate shoulder

51

Deltoid
O:
I:
A:

O:Scapular spine, acromion, and clavicle
I:Deltoid tuberosity
A:Abduct shoulder, Flex and extends the shoulder

52

Coracobrachialis
O:
I:
A:

O:Coracoid process
I:Medial diaphysis of humerus
A: adduct or flex shoulder

53

Biceps brachii
O: Two heads
I:
A:

O: Long head: supraglenoid tubercle (above glenoid cavity)
Short head: coracoid process of the scapula

I: Radial tuberosity
A:Flex elbow, supination

54

Brachialis
O:
I:
A:

O: Anterior diaphysis of humerus
I:Ulnar tuberosity & coronoid p.
A:Flex elbow

55

Triceps brachii
O: Three heads
I:
A:

O: Lateral and medial heads: posterior diaphysis of humerus
Long head: Infraglenoid tubercle (below glenoid cavity)
I:Olecranon process of ulna
A: Extend elbow

56

Anconeus
O:
I:
A:

O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I:Olecranon process of ulna
A: Extend elbow

57

Brachioradialis
O:
I:
A:

O: Lateral supracondylar ridge of the humerus (above lateral epicondyle)
I:Styloid process of radius
A: Flex elbow

58

Supinator
O:
I:
A:

O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: Radius
A: Supination

59

Pronator teres
O:
I:
A:

O: Medial epicondyle of humerus
I: Radius
A:Pronation

60

Pronator quadratus
O:
I:
A:

O: Distal ulna
I: Distal radius
A: Pronation

61

Flexor carpi radialis
O:
I:
A:

O:Medial epicondyle of humerus
I:Metacarpals 2-3
A:Flex wrist

62

Palmaris longus
O:
I:
A:

O: Medial epicondyle of humerus
I: Palmar aponeurosis
A:Flex wrist

63

Flexor carpi ulnaris
O:
I:
A:

O:Medial epicondyle of humerus
I: Metacarpal 5, hamate, and pisiform
A:Flex wrist

64

Flexor digitorum superficials
O:
I:
A:

O:Medial epicondyle of humerus
I: Middle phalanges 2-5
A:Flex digits

65

Flexor digitorum profundus
O:
I:
A:

O:Coronoid process of ulna
I:Distal phalanges 2-5
A:Flex digits

66

Flexor pollicis longus
O:
I:
A:

O:Anterior diaphysis of radius
I:Distal phalanx 1
A: Flex pollex

67

Extensor carpi radialis longus
O:
I:
A:

O: Lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus
I:metacarpal 2
A: Extend wrist

68

Extensor carpi radialis brevis
O:
I:
A:

O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: metacarpal 3
A: Extend wrist

69

Extensor digitorum
O:
I:
A:

O:Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I:Distal phalanges 2-5
A: Extend digits

70

Extensor carpi ulnaris
O:
I:
A:

O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I:Metacarpal 5
A:Extend wrist

71

Extensor digiti minimi
O:
I:
A:

O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: proximal phalanx 5
A: Extend 5th digit

72

Extensor pollicis longus
O:
I:
A:

O:Lateral surface of diaphysis of ulna
I:Distal phalanx 1
A:Extend pollex

73

Extensor pollicis brevis
O:
I:
A:

O:Distal radius
I:Proximal phalanx 1
A: Extend pollex

74

Abductor pollicis longus
O:
I:
A:

O: Proximal diaphyses of ulna and radius
I:Metacarpal 1
A: Abduct pollex

75

Gluteus maximus
O:
I:
A:

O: Posterior ilium, sacrum, and coccyx
I:Gluteal tuberosity of femur
A:Extend hip

76

Gluteus medius
O:
I:
A:

O: Iliac crest
I: Greater trochanter of femur
A:Abduct

77

Tensor fascia lata
O:
I:
A:

O:Iliac crest
I: Iliotibial tract
A: Abduct hip

78

Pisiformis
O:
I:
A:

O: Sacrum
I:Greater trochanter of femur
A: Later rotate

79

Psoas major
O:
I:
A:

O: Lumbar vertebrae
I:Lesser trochanter of femur
A:Flex hip

80

Iliacus
O:
I:
A:

O: Iliac fossa
I: Lesser trochanter of femur
A:Flex hip

81

Gracilis
O:
I:
A:

O:Inferior pubic ramus
I:Medial proximal tibial epiphysis
A:Adduct hip

82

Adductor Magnus
O:
I:
A:

O:Ischial tuberosity
I:Linea aspera of femur
A: Adduct hip

83

Adductor longus
O:
I:
A:

O:Inferior pubic ramus
I:linea aspera of femur
A: adduct hip

84

Sartorius
O:
I:
A:

O: Anterior superior iliac spine
I:Medial proximal tibial epiphysis
A:Abduct, flex

85

Rectus femoris
O:
I:
A:

O:Anterior inferior iliac spine
I:Tibial tuberosity
A: Extend knee

86

Vastus intermedius
O:
I:
A:

O: Anterior diaphysis of femur
I: Tibial tuberosity
A:Extend knee

87

Vastus Lateralis
O:
I:
A:

O: Linea aspera
I:Tibial tuberosity
A:Extend knee

88

Vastus medialis
O:
I:
A:

O: Linea aspera
I:Tibial tuberosity
A:Extend knee

89

Biceps femoris
O: two heads
I:
A:

O: Long head:Ischial tuberosity
Short head: Linea aspera
I: Head of fibula and lateral surface of proximal tibial epiphysis
A:Flex knee

90

Semitendinosus
O:
I:
A:

O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Medial proximal tibial epiphysis
A: Flex knee

91

Semimembranosus
O:
I:
A:

O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Medial proximal tibial epiphysis
A: Flex knee

92

Tibialis anterior
O:
I:
A:

O: Lateral condyle of tibia
I: Metatarsal 1
A:Dorsiflexion

93

Extensor digitorum longus
O:
I:
A:

O: Lateral condyle of tibia
I:Phalanges 2-5
A: Extend digits

94

Extensor hallucis longus
O:
I:
A:

O: Anterior diaphysis of fibula
I:Distal phalanx 1
A:Extend hallux

95

Gastrocnemius
O:
I:
A:

O:Femoral condyles
I:Calcaneus
A: Plantarflexion

96

Soleus
O:
I:
A:

O:Posterior of tibia and fibula
I:Calcaneus
A:Plantarflexion

97

Plantaris
O:
I:
A:

O: Lateral supracondylar ridge of femur
I:Calcaneus
A: Plantarflexion

98

Flexor digitorum longus
O:
I:
A:

O:Posterior diaphysis of tibia
I:Distal phalanges 2-5
A:Flex digits

99

Flexor hallucis longus
O:
I:
A:

O:Posterior diaphysis of fibula
I:Distal phalanx 1
A: Flex hallux

100

Fibularis Longus
O:
I:
A:

O: Head of fibula
I: Metarsal 1
A: Plantarflexion