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MUS 104 JAZZ > Musical Elements & Instruments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musical Elements & Instruments Deck (26)
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1

Pitch

Relative highness or lowness of sound determined by vibrating air.
- Fast vibration high pitch
- Slow vibration low pitch
- Used horizontally to create melodies

2

Timbre

Quality of sound that identifies and distinguishes sounds
Ex: a piano sounds different from a flute

3

Time

The temporal manifestation of sound

4

Beat (Time)

A regular recurring pulse
Ex: Ticking clock

5

Meter ( Time)

Organizations of the beat into groupings of stressed and unstressed beats; patterns of sound
Ex: two beats one stressed Du0ple meter
Ex: four beats 1st & 3rd stressed Quadruple meter

6

Rhythm (Time)

The organization of the duration of individual sounds; ordered flow of music through time

7

Syncopation (Time)

Interruption of the regular flow of rhythm; sometimes called off beat rhythm

8

Tempo (Time)

The relative rate of speed of the beat

9

Swing (Time)

Used to describe the sense of propulsive rhythmic Feel or groove

10

Groove

General term for overall rhythmic flow of music
Ex: swing funk shuffle Latin rock

11

Free rhythm (Time)

Music with no regular pulse or meter

12

Harmony aka Chord

The simultaneous sounding of different pitches creates a chord; Different pitches at the same time; Chords played in background to support melody

13

Triad ( Harmony)

a three-note chord, the most common configuration; most western music

14

Chordal extension (Harmony)

additional pitch (es) added to a triad

15

Harmonic progression (Harmony)

Fixed series of interrelated chords ( usually repeated) played in a strict sequence

16

Cadence (Harmony)

"endpoint" at the conclusion of a musical phrase when
a chord progression comes to rest on a stable chord.

17

Consonance (Harmony)

a stable chord that creates a sense of "agreement" and repose

18

Dissonance (Harmony)

an unstable chord that creates a sense of tension & disagreement

19

Scale (Pitch)

Collection of pitches ( ordering of pitches)
- Blue Scale : pitch from Africa

20

Melody (Pitch)

series of pitches typically recognized
Ex: Twinkle Twinkle little star (Horizontal)

21

Texture

Relationship among different musical sounds occurring simultaneously ; Blend

22

Monophony ( Texture)

One melody no chords
- Rare in Jazz but found in early jazz breaks
- Can be used to begin or end a piece of music
-Can have more than one singer

23

Polyphony ( Texture)

two or more independent but equally important melodies occurring at the same time
- regularly

24

Homophony (Texture)

Single melody accompanied by chords; different pitches occurring at the same time
- Most common
- Big (swing) bands are typically homophonic

25

Dynamics

Volume; relative loudness or quietness of sound; amplitude
Ex; The weather because it's changeable

26

Form

Structure and design of a piece of music
Aspects of form include
- repetition
- contrast
- variation
- Development