The Jazz Ensemble: Musical Instruments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Jazz Ensemble: Musical Instruments Deck (11)
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Wind Instruments

brass and reed
- Largest in category of jazz instruments
- winds produce sound by vibrating a column of air, can be modified by changing the length of the column (depressing keys)


Trumpet (Brass)

most common ( cornet was used until 1926 trumpet replaced it)
- Various mutes placed in bell, change the timbre of the trumpet


Trombone (Brass)

a slide changes pitch; it allows for glissando


Brass instruments

sound is made by vibrating lips in a cuplike mouthpiece


Reed instruments

sound is produced when blown air vibrates a flexible reed


Clarinet (Reed)

Popular in New Orleans and swing jazz but declined in popularity afterward: 1910's-1920's



*Alto, *tenor, soprano, and baritone types; by 1930 became one of the main instruments of jazz


Rhythm Section

consists of instruments that provide harmony, bass and percussion


Harmony instruments

Such instruments can play chords
- Piano ( most important bc of popularity and range)
- guitar
- banjo
- electric piano
- organ
- vibraphone
More than one may be used; popular combination guitar and piano; most common bass, drums, and piano (or guitar)


Bass Instruments

Plays strategic pitches of harmony in low register
- replaced by tuba by 1930; foundation of jazz ensemble
-harmonic support
- rhythmic foundation
- usually played by plucking strings w/fingers
- electric bass sometimes used in place of acoustic bas


Percussion Instruments

-struck, shaken, scraped, rubbed
- Drum set (traps): one player uses all four limbs; originated from marching band where seperate players played seperate instruments bass drum, snare drum, cymbals
- vibraphone, maller metallophone sometimes used
- Latin percussion: congas, bongos, timbales, maracas, guiro, cabasa, claves, marimba
- African percussion: bells rattles drum xylophone